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Creating hedges

Creating hedges

In modern design, green plants are increasingly used to protect the house from external noise and prying eyes. The most beautiful and powerful fence cannot be compared in beauty and usefulness with a hedge.

A summer cottage or a private house, surrounded by green dense thickets of an original form, looks like a fairytale castle in the forest.

The indisputable advantage of such a fence is that it not only looks majestic, but also protects against dust, improves the microclimate, and increases air humidity.

Variety of hedges and plant selection

There are many options for green fences: molded and free growing, single row and multi row. To give outlines to lawns and flower beds, low curbs up to 1 meter in height are created.

To divide the space into functional zones, a two-meter planting of ornamental shrubs is suitable. It is better to fence off the entire plot with a large green fence about 2 meters high.

Consider plant biology and aesthetic compatibility when creating a hedge.

A combination of molded and free-growing plants will give a unique color if they are planted in a stepwise sequence. Mixed planting includes a variety of plants belonging to the same species, a good combination is obtained from lilac and green beech, variegated and green privet. Thanks to the colorful foliage, such a fence looks very elegant.

Blossoming fences are also great from barberry and honeysuckle. To create a dense fence, choose plants with small foliage, they form a smooth, beautiful surface.

Give preference to winter-hardy, unpretentious plants that adapt well to local climatic conditions and quickly recover after cutting.

Landing rules

For a green fence, young, but sufficiently developed plants from 3 to 5 years old are selected, coniferous seedlings are best chosen 3-4 year old, deciduous 2-3 year old. Take a good look at the root system of the seedlings, it should not be overdried, remove the damaged areas, shorten the rest by 1.2 cm, this stimulates root formation.

Planting time is spring, after the soil dries out, winter-hardy varieties can be planted in autumn. The soil is mixed with peat, compost and mineral fertilizers, the acidity is adjusted based on the characteristics of the selected plants.

First you need to make a marking line using a stretched cord. Then, along the line, dig a trench 50 cm deep. The width of the trench for a single-row planting should be 40-50 cm. To create a multi-row hedge, 50 cm recede from each next row. Between molded plants that need regular shearing, the distance from each other is 50-60 cm, between rows 60-80 cm.Free growing plants are planted at a distance of 0.8-1 m, keep a gap of 1-1.5 m between rows.

After planting, water the seedlings abundantly, mulch the soil with peat or sawdust.

Care features

A hedge requires a lot more attention than the rest of your garden. Because regular watering, feeding and pruning are necessary to maintain an attractive appearance.

The haircut is done four times per season. The base is left wider than the top so that the lower branches have enough light for active growth. For pruning, use a special power tool or garden shears.

When watering, a stream of water is directed to the base of the plants. To ensure good moisture, the soil is loosened before watering on both sides of the planting. A green hedge requires regular feeding. Organic fertilizers are applied in spring and autumn, mineral fertilizers - in summer or early autumn.

Popular hedge shrubs

Spirea. Blooming, dense fence does not require special care and large material costs. From different varieties of spirea, you can form a colorful fence. Spirea tolerates winter well, loves light, is distinguished by graceful inflorescences and a lush crown. The shrub grows quickly and multiplies easily, lives for a long time and retains its decorative effect. An excellent option for a free-growing hedge, arched shoots are inclined to the ground, enchant with their calm beauty.

Thuja. Thuja's decorative outfit is preserved all year round. Most often, such varieties of thuja are used in landscape design:

  • - Thuja "Smaragd" (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd')
  • - Thuja "Columna" (Thuja occidentalis 'Columna')
  • - Thuja "Brabant" (Thuja occidentalis 'Brabant')

An evergreen shrub has a dense, pyramidal or conical crown. It can grow both in partial shade and in an area open to sunlight. To give the thuja the correct trapezoidal shape, when pruning, the upper part of the bush must be done already. Such a hedge looks best against the background of flowering plants, fountains, mowed lawns.

Derain. Winter-hardy, unpretentious ornamental shrub looks solid and regal at any time of the year. In summer, the eye catches the original leaves, which have a white or cream edging and golden yellow flowers. In autumn, the foliage takes on a brighter color: pink, burgundy, purple. Bright shoots of the shrub stand out in contrast against the background of white snow. Derain can be cut and shaped to give a green fence the desired look.

Barberry. A large, light-loving plant that tolerates wintering well. For hedges, the Thunberg Barberry (Berberis thunbergii) is best suited, the variegated purple foliage and red berries add a special charm to the shrub. In order for the hedge to grow quickly and always look beautiful, be sure to apply top dressing and periodically loosen the soil.

Boxwood. Thanks to the small, numerous leaves, a neat, compact green fence is obtained. You can create a fence from one row of boxwood; for a thicker wall, shrubs are planted in a checkerboard pattern. To achieve a strong density, pruning is carried out several times a season.

Privet. Perennial shrub has a dense texture, adapts well to drought and cold. Choose plants for planting no older than 5 years, they grow very quickly, so 20 seedlings are enough. You can shape it based on your creative imagination: in the form of geometric shapes, spherical, create the outlines of architectural structures, animals or people.

Hydrangea. The spectacular, lush crown of hydrangea looks very elegant as a low hedge. Large leaves and inflorescences look festive. Hydrangea will undoubtedly become the main decoration of your site. The plant needs fertile, moderately moist soil, sunny or shaded area.

Choose your version of a hedge, if it is difficult to decide, use the hint of a landscape designer, he will help to realize the fence of your dreams and advise on further care.

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