A hedge today is called a few low plants planted in a row, for example, shrubs or trees.
Since they grow at a short distance from each other, their crowns form a living "partition" in space.
Fences are generally divided into two types: those that grow freely and have a natural crown shape, and those that need to be trimmed and shaped.
It is enough to plant shrubs or trees once, over time the plantings will grow and bloom. All care comes down to a simple design by cutting new branches. But, of course, do not forget that any plants require regular soil moisture.
Hedges have gained their popularity since antiquity. Their description is found in historical documents. For example, they are mentioned in the description of one of the so-called Wonders of the World - the Gardens of Semiramis.
Today, hedges can be found in almost any park in every city or even a small village. You can find both regular geometric fit and free, free shapes. It all depends only on the imagination of the landscape planner.
Hedges can also vary in height.
For low hedges, landscape design specialists use shrubs up to half a meter high, most often these are annual or perennial herbaceous plants. They attract attention with bright inflorescences and ease of care.
For hedges higher, up to a meter, there is a large assortment of "material". Indeed, the greatest number of a variety of decorative and fruit plants is suitable for this category of height.
Using the latter as a hedge, you can not only beautifully arrange a flower bed or garden path, but also get a pleasant bonus at the end of the season in the form of delicious berries. Shrubs suitable for this height of the hedge are quite easy to cut and process, so the choice of many falls on them.
Tall plantings are the best protection from the scorching sun on a hot day, from the cold wind in autumn, as well as from rain and many other meteorological troubles. However, for these purposes, you need to choose plants that are particularly resistant to our climate conditions. It is recommended to take a closer look at the families of ornamental shrubs that are easy to cut, love sunlight, and do not impose high demands on the soil.
In addition to shrubs, landscape designers use trees up to three and a half meters high.
Treelike shrubs are also popular among large plantings.
In order to plant such a hedge, of course, a large space is required. There should be a distance of one to two meters between rows of trees, and between plants its minimum value is about half a meter. Such a hedge will need to be trimmed only once a year. Therefore, it is recommended to plant such tree species that keep the maintained shape of the haircut for a long time, branch well, that is, over time, the hedge becomes denser and denser, without losing ease of maintenance.
A hedge can not only replace a wooden or stone fence, but also beautifully, tastefully divide your site into the necessary sectors.
If you want to divide your garden with a dense and dense canopy, a medium to high green hedge is the best solution. For this, hawthorn, currant, thuja and others are quite suitable.
It is worth taking a closer look at plants such as sod, this is a fruit shrub that will perfectly fulfill the decorative functions of a hedge. It has bright red shoots and white or black fruits.
Thuja is a versatile plant for any type of hedge.
As the owner of a dense crown, pleasant color and smell, it will be selective only for the soil. It should be planted exclusively in loam. If you are not ready to make efforts to change the land composition, then you should pay attention to more unpretentious plants, for example, spirea or currant.
The first has a dense foliage, beautiful and numerous inflorescences, keeps the shape of the haircut for a long time. And the second is a well-known fruit plant, which, in addition to its beautiful flowering and shape, will give tasty and healthy berries.
Once you've decided on the choice of plants that will become your hedge, you can move on to preparing the soil. After all, even if shrubs or trees are declared as unpretentious to it, the roots must extract nutrients and water from the ground. It is necessary to carry out work on shallow soil loosening and fertilization. For heavy soil, use regular sand, and vice versa, for light soil, use stone flour.
After planting and until the plants have reached the required height, it is recommended to cut only the upper shoots. Only after the formation of the fence itself begins to use special tools.
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