Thuja occidentalis is a tall, evergreen tree from the cypress family, often found in the forests of North America, which the locals call "white cedar" and make aromatic tea from its bark.
In the modern world, you won't surprise anyone with unusual plants, but conifers are finding more and more fans.
In places with not the most favorable climate, in particular in the north, it is most optimal to grow the western thuja.
thuya-derevo-14This evergreen beauty is often called the "tree of life" or "king's tree", because it is unpretentious to environmental conditions. Most often, the tree has a rounded shape or a columnar-pyramidal crown.
Thuja grows slowly and reaches about 20 meters. However, it is in the northern regions that it is able to grow to the size of a large tree.
Instead of needles, small, pleasant to the touch scales flaunt on its branches, they contain a large amount of essential oils. In addition to its beauty, this wonderful green guest will fill the air of your garden with a wonderful aroma.
Thuja oil is used in medicine and perfumery, preparations based on it increase immunity, improve the work of cardiovascular activity and have a beneficial effect on the central nervous system.
Despite the unpretentious nature and the ability to grow in any conditions, in caring for a thuja it is necessary to observe several specific rules or, as they are called, agrotechnical requirements.
Thuya is very fond of light, and even having shade-tolerant properties, in conditions of deep shade, it is able to lose all its decorativeness, turning into a dull tree.
How fertile the soil is, absolutely does not affect the growth of thuja. But the tree also has its own preferences. Thuja will be grateful, it will take root in fresh, sufficiently moistened loam.
If the soil is poor, it will not hurt to "feed" it periodically. This is usually done in the spring, as soon as the snow melts. Complex or combined fertilizers are used. Never use faeces or fresh manure.
Thuja transplant is carried surprisingly easily. It is best to choose for this the spring season or autumn. A slight deepening of the root collar is permissible; this can also be considered a recommendation.
After planting, thuja needs a plentiful "drink", and the soil must be mulched with compost or bark.
The ground should be moist, since dryness is unacceptable for thuja.
Water the plant abundantly before the coming frosts, as conifers can dry out in the sun in winter. Protect the green beauty from sunburn, both in winter and in spring, cover and shade the plant.
In the spring, frequent watering and spraying over the entire surface of the plant will also not hurt, especially if the winter was previously cold. This contributes to the uniform awakening of the thuja.
Thuja is a frost-resistant plant, but freezing in too harsh winters is not alien to it. In the autumn, wrap the tree with ribbons, twine, wire. This will help keep the branches intact, which can break off under heavy sleet.
Thuja western is easily propagated, especially by grafting. Most often this is done in the spring, as soon as the buds awaken, or in the summer season, when the young growths harden. In the second case, the cuttings do not always have time to form roots and may freeze out.
Side small branches are used for cutting cuttings, it is better if with a "heel". After they are planted in a loose mixture of sand and peat. It is necessary to ensure that the composition does not dry out and does not become waterlogged.
Most often, thuja is exposed to fungal diseases and aphid attack. This usually happens in early spring. Examine the tree if you notice yellowing of the shoots, this is a signal for urgent action. It is necessary to remove the affected shoots and spray the plant with a special agent.
Fusarium root disease is caused by soil fungi, which can be eliminated by spraying or watering with a solution containing a fungicide. Also, flower growers recommend processing the thuja with zircon, it prevents the development of fungal infections.
To combat thuja aphids, karbofos or rogor are used.
With insufficient intake of nutrients, the leaves begin to dry out and fall off, the top of the tree turns yellow. But you cannot overfeed the green beauty, as this leads to burns of the roots.
Diseases lie in wait for plants that are not cared for or do it wrong.
Therefore, remember the basic rules for growing thuja, which do not require much labor from you.
Cultivate and weed the near-stem soil regularly.
Spring is the best time of the year for sanitary pruning and dry shoot removal.
Formative pruning is done in summer.
Thuja tolerates this procedure well, but you do not need to cut the shoots to old wood. A third of the shoot will be enough, since new ones may stop growing and the tree will soon become bare. To keep the trunk from exposing, trim the top once every 2-3 years. So your thuja will look fresh, and the branches after the "haircut" will become thicker.
Abundant flowering does not reflect in the best way on the appearance of the tree. To preserve the decorative effect of the plant, promptly remove the flowers and fruits that have appeared.
Western thujas look good both alone and in a group with shrubs. This tree will become not only a decoration, but also a hedge in your landscape.
Before buying, decide which variety of thuja is right for you. Trees with a pyramidal crown look good as an original hedge.
To create a fabulous vertical background in landscape design, they use thuja with a columnar crown.
Low grades are used for green fences, unusual fences, and border decoration.
To grow a "royal tree" you do not need special skills and knowledge, but with its appearance, your site will noticeably change.
Thuja has been growing for several decades, therefore, once deciding to have this noble plant, you will enjoy the comfort of a green garden for a long time and breathe its delicious aroma.