Livistona is a genus of monocotyledonous plants of the palm order. Perennial of the Palm family, named after Livingston laird - Scotsman Patrick Murray, a famous florist with a collection of over 1000 plants.
Studied about 36 species with the geography of cultivation from Africa to Australia. Grows in height up to 25-25 meters.
Differs in large leaves, up to 60-100 centimeters in diameter. In color, it is dark green with a glossy surface, sometimes of a grayish tint. The shape resembles a fan with bent teeth, petioles with thorns. The palm tree is cultivated in greenhouses; with proper care, some varieties grow at home. Drafts and overheated air are detrimental to foliage.
Livistona - popular types:
Livistona round-leaved (Rotundifolia, Saribus rotundifolius) is an unpretentious plant with thorny petioles, the color of the flowers is yellow, the diameter of the leaf plate is 1.5 meters. Distributed on the sandy shores of the southern hemisphere islands - Moluccas and Java.
Livistona Chinese (Latania, Livistona chinensis) is a shade-loving species with a trunk diameter of up to 50 centimeters, foliage with a bend, the height of the variety reaches 12 meters. Recognized as a weed in Florida, homeland - a number of islands in the South China Sea, Taiwan.
Livistona southern - (Livistona australis) variety with a 25-meter-high trunk thickened at the base, the ends of the leaf plate lobes bifurcate. Bears fruit with globular brown berries. Appeared in Eastern Australia, prefers subtropical forests, shrub coastal zones.
You can buy Liviston in our store:
Livistons are tree-like palms, it is desirable to choose a bright, spacious place for them, ideally with windows to the west or east. The height of the bush in indoor conditions reaches 1.5-2 meters. The appearance of 3 new sheets every year is evidence of proper care.
The light-loving species loves moisture and warmth, direct sunlight in an insignificant concentration will not burn the foliage. Periodic turning to the light at different angles contributes to the aesthetic arrangement of the stem and symmetry of the foliage - optimally once every 2 weeks 180 ° around the axis.
Lighting. A bright diffused light with shading from scorching rays is required in the hot season; in winter, it is advisable to place a decorative tree near the southern window (you can add a UV lamp). Despite the love of light, the palm-shaped specimen is afraid of heated glass; in hot weather, it is important to ventilate the room. The ideal option for placing a bush in summer is a balcony, a garden (shady part).
Temperature. The optimal temperature regime for a tropical species is 16-20 ° C, while a cold snap to 12 ° is detrimental to the plant. In the autumn-winter period, the range of 14-16 ° C should be chosen.
Air humidity. A native of the subtropics, the perennial prefers a high humidity climate. The requirement is the same for apartment space, especially during the heating season.
Watering. The top layer of the soil mixture should not crust and dry out excessively. Abundant watering with water followed by draining the excess after 2 hours will protect the palm from dehydration. Overdrying is unacceptable in the autumn-winter season, at this time moderate rare watering is optimal (avoid crusting on the upper layer of the substrate).
The leafy layers of the bush need moisture in the hot season. A soft water sprayer is the ideal solution. In the rest of the period, it is not advisable to get carried away with constant moisturizing of the foliage. A warm shower once a month also contributes to the preservation of the aesthetic appearance.
Top dressing. April-August is the best time to feed a decorative tree. Frequency - once a decade, in winter - once. Fertilizer in the form of a solution is the best option for palms. Pre-watering the bush will protect the root system from possible burns. Once a decade, foliage needs to be enriched with microelements. In winter (after the temperature drops to 18 ° C), nutrients will not be absorbed by the plant. The increased acidity of the soil (more than 7.5) does not saturate the seedling.
Transfer. The frequency of transplanting is determined by age: a young specimen requires an annual transplant in the spring (from April to May), a more mature one - every 2-3 years, an adult - once every 5 years or less often. In the old palm, the substrate is replaced with a thickness of 50 millimeters.
An urgent transplant of a palm-shaped perennial is needed in 2 cases:
The first option indicates the cramped space for growth (the tips are cut off with scissors or pruners during transplantation), the second is the ph of the substrate of exorbitant norms. To avoid damage to the roots, the seedling is transferred from one container to another.
The soil. Palm trees prefer slightly acidic soil - 5.6-7.5 with good water permeability and structure. A sufficient drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the container (expanded clay is a fifth of the formation, the rest are sod land, leaf base, peat, sand). A pertinent component is rotted manure. A special ready-made soil for palm trees is available commercially. The penetration level is identical on the two pots, for this a notch is marked on the trunk.
Trimming and shaping. Spring is most favorable for pruning dry foliage. Any sections are made with pre-disinfected instruments. The petioles are removed after complete drying; if the recommendation is not followed, the inflorescence is damaged. After the procedure, after a while, the cut is coated with a paraffin compound.
Reproduction. Seedling options include lateral shoots and annual seeds. When choosing division as a cultivation method, it is important not to damage the offspring when separating from the base.
The second way - fresh seed mass is placed in moist, heated soil. Waiting for the first shoots - in 3 months. The process is laborious, the sequence of actions is followed:
After germination, the seedlings are mixed into larger containers.
Bloom. Mostly possible in greenhouses, home conditions do not fully recreate the natural habitat of palm trees.
Diseases. The plant becomes ill as a result of fungal infection (sclerotinia, rotting of the root system). Rare causes are viral and bacterial attacks.
With timely treatment, it is enough to treat the bush with soapy water. The procedure is carried out every 5 days no more than 3 times. If the method is ineffective, special agents are used (for example, a fungicide).
Wrong ways of caring for a decorative specimen ruin it:
In the summer, intense sun exposure results in yellowish-brown spots. Aridity contributes to curling the tips, then the foliage dries up and dies off altogether. The darkening of the bush is the result of excess moisture.
Pests. An exotic guest is affected by ticks. Spiderweb and mealy individuals attack the stem and leaf cover. Pest control solutions will protect the palm tree.
When purchasing a subtropical variety, it is important to consider the aesthetics and integrity of the cover of the stem, foliage and petioles. A detailed examination will exclude the presence of harmful insects. After delivery to the destination, the palm is cleaned of dust and moisture is provided. It is allowed to plant a decorative seedling in the spring.
Winter care: Leave the temperature regime in the winter months at least 10 degrees, optimally - 14-16. Moderate watering is important, without allowing crusting of the soil substrate.
Knowledge of the peculiarities of cultivating Livistons at home allows you to grow an exotic variety without effort.