Hamedorea (Chamaedorea) is a species of palm trees of the Arecaceae family, or Palm trees (Palmae). The name comes from two Greek words chamai - low and dorea - gift.
The fruits of the palms hang down almost to the ground, and the plant itself is low, the maximum size is up to 2 m in height, in room conditions - 1.20-1.50 m. The homeland of hamedorea is Mexico, Central and South America.
Other names: mountain palm, neanta, collinia, bamboo palm, hamadorea.
Purchase and selection of plants. It is best to buy a chamedorea that is short and young. Since this palm tree grows slowly, an adult and large plant is quite expensive. You can buy several palms and place them in one pot when transplanting. Pay attention to the freshness of the foliage and the presence of new growth.
Hamedorea graceful (Chamaedorea elegans), or Neanthe beautiful (Neanthe bella), Collinia elegant (Collinia elegans). One of the most popular indoor palms. Cirrus leaves, 7-8 pairs, located on shoots up to 2 m tall (max). Able to grow in partial shade. The flowers are light yellow, fragrant.
Hamedorea monochromatic (Chamaedorea concolor) is an even more shade-tolerant and unpretentious palm tree. The maximum height is up to 3 m. In general, it looks like a graceful Hamedorea, but the leaves are thinner and longer.
Hamedorea Ernest-August (Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti) - the height of the palm tree is no more than 1-1.2 m.The leaves are solid, bilobed at the ends. It blooms with orange-red flowers. It has aerial roots at the nodes of the stem.
Hamedorea high (Chamaedorea elatior) is a rather large palm tree. Grows well in indoor conditions, grows up to 3-5 meters. Leaves are 1-1.5 m long with 12-16 pairs of leaflets.
You can buy hamedorea (bamboo palm) in our store
Everyone who decided to settle a bamboo palm tree at home should remember that this plant is not from our latitudes, therefore, in order for it to feel good, artificial conditions will have to be created.
This is a hardy plant, quite modest in terms of care requirements and conditions. The main thing is to provide the necessary air humidity, and in other aspects, chamedorea is not very picky.
At first glance, it is difficult to believe that chamedorea is a real palm tree. The bushy shape, soft leaves and thin trunks give the plant tenderness. If you plant several plants in one pot, you can get the effect of palm thickets.
Lighting. Hamedorea prefers diffused light. The optimal location is near the east or west window, it must be placed so that the sun's rays illuminate the palm tree well, but at the same time do not burn the leaves. The palm tree cannot stand direct sunlight - the leaves can turn yellow and fall off. Transfers some shading. To keep the leaves growing evenly, periodically rotate the pot with the plant.
Temperature. It is a heat-loving plant. In summer, the optimum temperature for the content of chamedorea is 18-24 ° C, in winter - 16-18 ° C, if these standards are observed, the roots of the bamboo palm will not be exposed to diseases. In summer, it is better to take the plant out to the balcony with shading from the direct sun, and in winter it should not be placed near heating appliances.
Air humidity. Hamedorea is very fond of spraying. In summer, in hot weather, as well as in winter, in a room with central heating, the palm tree needs to be sprayed 2 times a day. At other times, 1 time per day is sufficient. For these purposes, it is best to use rain or filtered water at room temperature. An excellent option would be to install a humidifier next to the palm tree or place a container of water near it.
Watering. Watering is usual, in the summer - 2-3 times a week, in the winter - 1-2 times. Watering must be abundant; between waterings, the top layer of the substrate must dry out. Do not confuse hamedorea's need for moist air with the need for moist soil. Its roots do not tolerate transfusions, so make sure that the water in the pot does not stagnate.
Top dressing. In spring and summer, during the active growing season, chamedorea is fed every 2 weeks with fertilizer for palm trees and dracaena, or fertilizer for indoor flowers. It can be mineral fertilizers in the form of granules or in liquid form. In autumn and winter, the palm tree is usually not fed.
Transfer. The palm should be replanted in the spring - in March-April. Soil for transplanting is purchased special for palm trees or universal, to which it is recommended to add a baking powder (vermiculite, perlite). Drainage is required at the bottom of the pot. The pot for the transplant is taken 2 cm larger in the diameter of the previous one.
Young hamedorea are transplanted annually or every other year, depending on how tightly the roots have filled the pot. Older palms are transplanted once every 3-4 years, for large specimens in tubs, the top layer of the substrate is changed.
Trimming and shaping. There is no need for shaping. To keep your palm from looking like a careless broom, you will have to remove dried and yellowed leaves. This must be done carefully, as close as possible to their base, with special scissors for cutting leaves, which are pre-treated with alcohol.
Bloom. If chamedorea feels great, then it can bloom at any time of the year. Female flowers have a pleasant smell, male flowers are odorless. Color depending on the variety: light yellow, orange-red.
Reproduction. Hamedorea can be propagated by seeds, but easier - by root suckers. To do this, you need to separate several offspring with their own roots and plant several pieces in small pots, with a previously prepared earthen mixture. The soil must be taken on the basis of peat with the addition of vermiculite or perlite. Drainage is needed at the bottom of the pot.
Diseases and pests. Due to the dryness of the air, the tips of the leaves dry out. If the leaves turn yellow after transplanting, then there is no need to worry, this is a normal reaction of the palm tree to a change in conditions, which will pass over time.
Root decay is possible with excessive watering and low plant temperatures.
With too sharp changes in air temperature, chamedorea leaves can become covered with brown spots. Therefore, protect the plant from drafts.
It is also affected by spider mites when the air is too dry. Provide the palm tree with proper care: do not flood the soil, humidify the air in a timely manner, hide from cold air and direct sunlight, if necessary, clean the leaves from pests and dust.
Plants in winter. Hamedorea does not have wintering as such, you just need to slightly lower the humidity and the frequency of watering. Do not overcool the plant or flood it. In the year of transplantation, it is better to skip winter feeding.
Please note: Hamedorea purifies the air from carbon dioxide, instead filling the surrounding air with oxygen. This is just a godsend for an apartment, whose windows overlook a busy highway, as it perfectly neutralizes poisonous substances that enter the air with exhaust gases: benzene, trichlorethylene.
Exotic bamboo palm tree with its superb appearance will decorate your home and add extravagance to any interior. Some varieties have a pleasant aroma during flowering.
Follow the rules for growing hamedorea at home, then the plant will respond to you with gratitude, stately demonstrating its health and beautiful appearance.
PHOTO OF HAMEDOREA