Feijoa (lat. Feijoa) is an evergreen tree of the genus myrtle, blooming with large white flowers. The feihua tree reaches a height of 4 m. The plant is native to southern Brazil. This tree got its name in honor of the Brazilian discoverer João da Silva Feijo.
It is currently grown for its iodine-rich fruits in Abkhazia, Georgia, Krasnodar Territory, and Crimea.
Indoors, feijoa can be grown in the same way as the myrtle tree, which is a close relative of this exotic plant.
You can buy feijoa seedlings in our store
Lighting. Feijoa is a sunshine lover. The best place for it would be the sill of the south or southeast window. If the plant does not receive enough light, then it will be difficult for it to bloom and bear fruit, and the shoots will stretch out. In the summertime, expose the feijoa to the balcony or garden.
Temperature. In the spring, when feijoa blooms, it needs to provide a temperature of 21-24 ° C. In winter, place the tree in a cool room with a temperature of 10-14 ° C.
Air humidity. To keep your pet feeling good, spray it daily in summer, especially on hot days. In winter, spray the feijoa with warm water if the plant is in a well-heated room with dry air.
Watering. Water the plant abundantly with warm, settled water in the spring-summer period, as the upper layer of the soil dries up. Plants near southern windows require more intensive watering.
Top dressing. In order for your pet to develop well, bloom and bear fruit, provide it with regular feeding. Apply fertilizers the next day after watering, every 2 weeks. Alternate fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers.
In the spring, during the growing season, nitrogen and potash fertilizers are recommended. Organic: it is best to use an infusion from a solution of chicken manure in a ratio of 1 to 10 hours of water.
In summer, during the flowering period, phosphate fertilizers are used. Organic: Use a 1:10 mullein infusion.
Transfer. Transplant a young feijoa (1-3 years) annually into a soil mixture of 2 parts of peat and 1 part of sand, an older plant - 1 time in 2-3 years into a mixture of 1 tsp turf, 1 tsp humus soil and 1 tsp sand. For the next transplant, take a pot 7-10 cm wider than the previous one.
Transplant using the transshipment method, i.e. with a lump of earth around the roots. If the roots are overgrown, trim them back a little before placing the feijoa in a new pot.
Trimming and shaping. To turn a feijoa sapling into a beautiful standard tree, you need to cut the central trunk. Prune when the plant reaches 30 cm in height. Shorten it by about one third, no more. When the side branches are very long, cut them one third of the length. In the future, only prune dried branches.
Pruning is best done in early March, before budding.
Flowering and fruiting: Feijoa blooms with beautiful large white flowers with red stamens in late spring. Flowering is long, sometimes more than a month.
Self-pollinating varieties of feijoa (Crimean early, Nikitsky fragrant) do not need outside help for fruit set. Other varieties need help. Collect the pollen from the stamens of some flowers with a cotton swab and transfer it to others. For the process, you need 2-3 feijoa bushes.
Feijoa fruits grown in the apartment have a sour-sweet taste, reminiscent of pineapple and strawberries at the same time. In shape, the fruits resemble a large gooseberry, 4 cm long and 3 cm in diameter.
Feijoa begins to bear fruit in the 4-5th year. Flowers and fruits are formed on the shoots of the current year.
Reproduction. Feijoa is usually propagated by seed, cuttings and root processes. However, the first two methods have their drawbacks: seedlings grown from seeds may lose varietal qualities, and cuttings are difficult to take root.
Cuttings are cut 20-12 cm long with 2-3 leaves from semi-freshened stems. It is better to cut it before winter - in November-December. Cut cuttings are dipped into a solution of a root formation stimulator (root, heteroauxin) for 16-20 hours and stuck into a substrate from a mixture of leaf humus and sand mixed in equal parts. Cover with a transparent jar, periodically ventilate and watered. After rooting, they are planted in a permanent place.
Diseases and pests. Feijoa, especially at a young age, can be affected by a false shield. The plant can completely shed its foliage. As a preventive measure, it is sometimes recommended to wash the foliage and stems of the plant with soapy water. If the larvae of the false shield nevertheless appear, they are removed with a feijoa with a soft brush, and the processing procedure is repeated 5 times every 7 days. Make sure that soapy water does not get into the ground, cover it with plastic bags.
Plants in winter. During the dormant period, the feijoa is best placed in a cool, but lighted room, with a temperature of 10-14 ° C. Reduce watering and do not fertilize.
Useful properties of feijoa. Feijoa fruits, in addition to vitamins C, B, E and P, contain many iodine compounds, and are used to prevent thyroid diseases and atherosclerosis. The fruits are eaten raw, they make compotes and preserves from them.