Pineapple (lat. Ananas) is a herbaceous fruit plant of the bromeliad family. The homeland of pineapple is Central and South America. For sweet fruit, pineapple is grown in tropical countries, and in Europe, pineapple is grown in greenhouses in Holland.
Unlike most bromeliads that live on other plants, pineapple grows in the ground, getting all the nutrients it needs from the ground. This drought-resistant plant has linear leaves, with sharp teeth at the edges, which are collected in a rosette.
During the flowering period, it is decorated with small flowers with large bracts of a red hue. In nature, it usually grows up to 1m in height and 2m in diameter, at home it has a much more modest size, but with good care it can reach 60-70cm.
Pineapple can be grown indoors.
The following varieties are most suitable for growing:
Kaena pineapple (Ananas Kaena) is a special cultivar with edible fruits. You can buy Kaena Pineapple in our store. This is the oldest of the pineapple plant varieties, reaching a height of 20-30 cm. Juicy, tasty fruit weighing 500-700 grams contains B vitamins, provitamin A, as well as calcium, iodine and magnesium.
Large-crested pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a plant with white stripes on the leaves and sharp thorns along the edges. Maximum size 70 cm in height and width. It is grown in winter gardens, florariums, or in light rooms. Golden yellow fruits begin to appear after 5-6 years of pot life.
You can buy indoor pineapple in our store. Fruit pineapple (Kaena), decorative pineapple
For those who wish to add unusual beauty and exoticism to their premises, buying a pineapple is exactly what you need. This evergreen, ornamental plant will diversify your interior, and with proper care and care, after a couple of years it will delight you with beautiful flowering and delicious fruits.
Growing pineapple at home is quite a feasible task, despite its tropical ancestry. Guided by simple rules, you can enjoy the original appearance of indoor pineapple and its unsurpassed aroma for a long time.
Lighting. Pineapple is a very light-loving plant. The best place to grow it is near the south or southeast windows. The plant does not need shading from direct sunlight. It is undesirable to turn the pineapple around its axis.
Important: With a lack of light, the development of pineapple slows down and it will not be able to bear fruit. In the autumn-winter period, it is desirable to supplement the plant with a fluorescent lamp LB-20 for about 10 hours a day.
Temperature. The heat-loving pineapple thrives in summer temperatures of 25-28 ° C. On sunny days, it is better to take it outside, but at night, in order to prevent hypothermia, bring it into the room. Keep the temperature at 22-24 ° C during winter.
Air humidity. Pineapple tolerates dry air well and does not require frequent spraying. But in hot weather, it is advisable for the plant to arrange a periodic warm shower. This should be done in the evening, with water at room temperature.
Watering. Indoor pineapple should be well watered with warm (30-35 ° C) settled water. Make sure the soil is completely saturated with water. In winter, let the flower rest, reduce watering, and do not spray.
Top dressing. During the period of active growth, pineapple is fed with mullein infusion. How to cook it? A liter jar is filled one third with manure and two thirds with water. The mixture is stirred for 4-5 days and after 2 weeks the solution is poured into a bucket of water. Once every two weeks, a plant is fertilized with a diluted solution.
After the appearance of the peduncle, instead of the mullein, a complex mineral fertilizer for flower crops with microelements is used.
Important: The plant does not tolerate alkaline fertilizers such as lime and wood ash.
Transfer and landing. Usually pineapple is transplanted in spring and summer, when the soil temperature is around 25 ° C. The soil is prepared by mixing in a ratio of 3: 2: 3: 1 sod land, humus, high peat and river coarse sand. The mixture must be steamed.
At the bottom of a shallow wide pot, drainage is poured from expanded clay, charcoal, broken red brick in a layer of 1.5-2 cm and on top of the soil by 2 cm.Carefully remove the plant from the old dishes, trying not to shake the soil from the roots, and move it to a new one dishes.
Spread out the roots and sprinkle it with earth in a layer of 2-3 cm. The root system of pineapple is superficial and will soon form new roots.
Trimming and shaping. It takes shape by itself, so it does not need pruning. However, damaged and dried leaves must be carefully removed, taking care not to touch healthy tissue. To do this, use special sharp scissors.
Flowering and fruiting: An inflorescence of many flowers forms on the peduncle. Within 1.5-2 weeks, the pineapple blooms until the inflorescence begins to form from the inflorescence. An apical rosette appears above the seed, which must be pinched periodically, since the socket slows down the development of the fetus. After 3-3.5 months, the fruit ripens and acquires an amber-yellow color.
In apartment conditions, the weight of the fruit reaches 0.5-1 kg and its taste is even better than that of the store one.
Reproduction. Pineapples are propagated from children that grow after fruiting or from the upper outlet, which is carefully cut off with a sharp knife with a part of the fruit. For reproduction, children must grow 15-20 cm, after which they are carefully broken out and planted in the soil.
Larger fruits grow from plants that are obtained from the top rosette. The outlet is dried upside down in a dark room for 4-7 days until the cut is healed. To guarantee against decay, it is advisable to sprinkle the cut surface with crushed coal. The breeding substrate is prepared in the same way as for the transplant.
The dried socket is pressed into the substrate to a depth of about 3 cm and covered with a jar to maintain moisture. After 1.5-2 months, the cutting should take root.
Important: the soil temperature should not drop below 25 ° C.
Diseases and pests. The main pest of indoor pineapple is a false shield. In order to get rid of it, you need to prepare a solution: dilute 9g of 3% karbofos in 1 liter of water. Spray the plant with the resulting solution. Repeat the procedure 2 times with a frequency of 7 days.
Another nuisance that may lie in wait for your exotic plant is fungal infection. At the same time, the core rots, the leaves turn black and are easily separated from the trunk. You can save pineapple using a special agent - a fungicide solution, it is poured into the core of the plant. After the lateral shoot appears, the infected trunk can be cut off.
Why pineapple is useful: Juice from the fruits of this plant improves digestion, cleanses the body of toxins. It is also prescribed for the treatment of liver and kidney diseases. Pineapple juice is a natural vitamin stimulant.
Interesting Facts. Scientists are still debating whether pineapple is a fruit or a vegetable.
The plant was first discovered in the Caribbean in 1490. Christopher Columbus brought back from his trip a miracle fruit that looks like a pine cone, but much larger and with excellent taste.
The name "ananas" was approved in 1753, comes from the Indian language "ana –ana", which means "smell of smells".
During this time, pineapple has conquered many countries with its amazing beauty, excellent taste and useful properties.
Pineapple will add a true zest of exoticism to your home, fill the space with a fragrant scent and give a sense of celebration.
PHOTO PINEAPPLE KAENA