Passion fruit (Latin Passiflora edulis) is a fast-growing vine with beautiful lush foliage and edible fruits. The birthplace of passion fruit is South America. Currently growing in Hawaii, New Zealand, Galapagos Islands.
It is famous for its fruits, the sweet and sour juice of which has a high tonic effect.
Other names: Passionflower edible, Passionflower edible, Granadilla purple, cavalry star.
Passion fruit - popular varieties:
Granadilla sweet (P. ligularis) - the diameter of the white petals is from 8 to 12 cm. The fruits are orange-red. Delicacy passionflower;
Giant granadilla (P. quadrangularis) is a tall passionflower reaching 15 meters. The diameter of the flowers ranges from 12 to 15 cm. The largest-fruited passionflower, bears fruit with yellowish fruits up to 30 cm in size;
Brazilian passionfruit (P. alata) - dark orange or red flowers, slightly smaller fruits than giant granadilla. Can hibernate indoors.
You can buy passionfruit seedlings in our store
Lighting. For a good development, passion fruit needs an abundance of light. It is recommended to place the plant pot near the south, southeast or east windows. In addition to bright light, the liana needs air, so it will feel best in a well-ventilated room. If the vine is on a support and is not attached to the trellis, in the summer it is recommended to take out the pot with the plant to the air: not a glazed balcony, terrace, garden.
Important: Passion fruit stems and leaves should be in the sun and the pot in the shade. The plant should not be placed in a draft.
Temperature. In the spring and summer, the temperature of the content should be in the range of 20-25 ° C, in winter - at least 12 ° C. In winter, it is necessary to protect passionfruit from frosty air from the balcony or window.
Air humidity. Passion fruit loves moist air. It is recommended to spray the plant periodically, in a room with dry air and on hot days to do it more often. In dry air, passionfruit buds can fall off, and the plant itself can be affected by spider mites.
Watering. For active growth, passion fruit needs abundant watering. In this case, it is important not to flood the plant, the next watering should be done after the top layer of the substrate (soil) dries up. In winter, watering is reduced if the passionfruit is dormant, otherwise it is watered as usual.
Top dressing. From April to August, granadilla is fed 1 time in 2 weeks alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers. You can use tomato fertilizer. In winter, passionflower does not need additional feeding.
Transfer. Passiflora is usually transplanted before the beginning of the growing season (growth of green mass), in March-April. The soil for passionfruit consists of: 1 tsp turf, 1 tsp leaf, 1 tsp humus earth, 1 tsp river sand. Up to 4 years of age, passion fruit is transplanted every year, after - 1 time in 2-3 years. The new pot should be 2-3 cm wider in diameter than the previous one.
Passionflower is a liana and, like all climbing plants, needs support for growth. As a support, you can stretch trellises (ropes) or purchase special square lattices, 1.5 to 2.5 m wide. With the help of antennae, the growing passionfruit stalk will be fixed on the support.
Trimming and shaping. Simultaneously with the transplant, it is desirable to carry out pruning of vines. Long branches (more than 50 cm) should preferably be cut in half or two-thirds. After pruning, the growth and branching of young shoots is stimulated, on which flowers and fruit ovaries will appear in the future.
Flowering and fruiting: Passion fruit usually blooms in summer with very beautiful large white flowers with a slight aroma. From the ovaries, after 2-4 months, yellow or purple fruits the size of a large lemon ripen. Fruit taste - sweet and sour, freshly squeezed passionfruit juice refreshes and tones up.
Important: to obtain fruits, self-pollinated passion fruit varieties should be purchased. Passion fruit seeds are edible, but they affect the body as a sleeping pill. Be careful with them.
Reproduction. Propagated passionflower edible by seeds, cuttings or root suckers. The more popular method of grafting. From the cuttings left after spring pruning, select parts with 2-4 leaves. Sections of cuttings are sprinkled with coal dust for disinfection and powdered with root or other root formation stimulant. They are stuck into the soil from a mixture of peat earth and sand, covered with a jar to maintain moisture. Regularly ventilate, water and spray the cuttings for a month, until they have a root system. The soil temperature during this period should be kept at least 25 ° C. After rooting, young plants are transplanted for further development into a light but nutritious substrate.
Diseases and pests. The main pests of passion fruit are thrips and spider mites.
Plants in winter. Passionflower that is edible needs a rest period for flowering and fruiting. In winter, it is advisable to place the plant in a cool, bright room with a temperature of 12-16 ° C, reduce watering and stop feeding
Interesting Facts: Passionflower is considered the national flower of Paraguay.
Useful properties of passion fruit. Passion fruit contains a range of vitamins: B, C, H, K, E, as well as beta-carotene, minerals and antioxidants. Passion fruit juice has a tonic effect and has a very refined aroma.
PHOTO OF PASSENGER (PASSIFLORA)