Everyone knows that summer is the most favorable time for plants. But with the arrival of winter, more and more problems are growing for them and their owners. Although the flower is at home, the temperature difference is still felt for it.
With this article, you will learn in detail about how to care for flowers in winter.
In books on houseplants, they almost always write the same needs: heat, water, light, fertilizers, but they forget about another important need - a period of rest.
Most houseplants have a dormant period. It usually occurs during the cold season.
There are plants that very clearly show "inhibition" of growth and development, so that even a "green" gardener will be able to understand that something needs to be changed in caring for the plant.
Bulbous and tuberous plants (cyclamen, gloxinia, hyacinth, etc.) discard their aerial parts.
Treelike plants that have leaves shed them. During the dormant period, it is better to limit watering of plants or completely stop.
But there are also exceptions. Potted plants that bloom in winter need to be well watered and nourished as they transform the room.
Some plants do not need a rest period. For example, evergreens, uzambar violet and balsam do not need a dormant period, but they still need to be watered and fed less often for about a month.
By the middle of winter, the daylight hours become so small that the plants do not have enough light for normal growth. During this period, try to create cooler conditions for the plants and limit watering. If the room is too warm and you water the plant at the usual frequency, there is a risk of plant death.
At the end of the dormant period, the plant will begin to grow again. It is necessary to slowly resume watering. Transplant the plant if necessary.
Winter. This means that the house is no longer so warm, and the daylight hours have become shorter. Oddly enough, but if you place a flower on the windowsill, it will feel better than the one in the back of the room.
The thing is that there is much more light on the windowsill, albeit cool, but nevertheless, it is the windowsill that is considered the best place for wintering.
If you decide to please your plant with artificial light, they will only be grateful to you. But do not use incandescent bulbs, as they heat up strongly, but they shine weakly.
It is better to use fluorescent lamps, they are able to give a good level of illumination even at a distance of 20 cm. Halogen lamps are often used. And in general, they are the best option for plants. They are not capable of causing burns even with close heating.
In winter, the heating is turned on, which means that the air in the apartment is dry. Your job is to take care of the humid air. It is enough to spray the air itself with a spray bottle.
Be careful! Hot air from heaters or radiators is harmful to plants. But, there is a way out, you can fix a fence along the windowsill.
Now pay attention to your flower. If it is tropical, then it will not be able to withstand cooling, even a short one. When you see that the leaves and buds have fallen off, have stopped growing, the leaves are developing incorrectly and of small size - your plant has a cold. Many find a way out - a florarium. A regular aquarium will do, just get a cover for it. This way you can ventilate the room without transferring the flowers to another room.
If your plant is tropical, it can withstand at least +15 C. Therefore, put a wooden stand on the windowsill. This will protect the root system of your plant from hypothermia.
It also happens that the move falls just in the winter season. But, we hasten to warn you that this walk may be the last for your plant. To prevent this from happening, you need to wrap the flower in packaging material, preferably in several layers. As soon as the plant arrives at a new home, do not rush to unpack it, it is better to let it stand for a couple of hours, and only then you can release it from the packaging.
If the plant could not be saved from frost, and it is frozen over, then you need to act immediately. First, examine all the leaves and stems. If the leaves are damaged, and the stem is alive, nothing terrible happened, as the flower will gradually warm up. If the leaves are badly damaged, it is advisable to remove them. But, if the leaves, stems and roots are frozen over, the plant cannot be saved.
It is better not to transplant the plant in winter. As you know, winter for plants, as well as for bears, is "hibernation". Those. they are in absolute peace, and you will break this peace. Another thing is if the plant is sick, in this case, no attention is paid at all to what time of the year.
Watering the plant depends on where it stands. If in the back of the room, then the earth dries out quickly, and the plant needs to be watered more often. But if the flower hibernates on the windowsill, the earth remains damp for a long time, therefore, watering will be rare.
It is advisable to leave pruning, pinching and reproduction for the spring.
As for pests, more often they show their "activation" in the fall, for them dry air is favorable. Buy an anti-tick remedy, it will come in handy.
In winter, plants can get sick too.
For example, for fungal diseases and rot, a low temperature is only a joy. Therefore, try not to flood the plant with water, since the earth does not have time to dry out, and it is cold on the windowsill - bacteria develop.
These are the basic rules, follow them, and then your plant and you will get through the winter easily!