In the process of caring for indoor plants, pruning will be a must. The bottom line is to remove branches and shoots. It promotes silhouette preservation, growth stimulation and rejuvenation.
Pruning of old and dried organs is also included in sanitation.
If the skeleton of the plant is not touched, then pruning does not pose a great threat to life.
You can cut off a young, too long shoot at any time. Pruning inevitably leads to a decrease in volume. First of all, diseased, wilted, damaged parts, as well as strongly elongated organs are removed.
If the plant becomes stunted, it is pruned, thereby provoking growth. The more pruning, the better the development. During the pruning period, more abundant watering and feeding are carried out. Increases temperature and humidity.
Time to trim. During the growth period, only young shoots are cut (from mid-March to the end of September). Deeper pruning is carried out during the dormant period (October-early March). Plants with decorative flowers are pruned after flowering.
Shaping and sanitary pruning. Formation is carried out to shape the plant (bonsai). They cut off unnecessary and unnecessary shoots that do not fit into the silhouette. Basically, the tops are removed, which further stimulates the formation of shoots and flowers.
Sanitary pruning consists of removing damaged parts, wilted buds and excessively elongated shoots.
Cutting off the stem. It is carried out to stimulate the formation of a new shoot. The cut is carried out above the leaf, in plants with falling leaves - pruning is carried out in the fall, above the bud. With complete pruning, remove the entire aerial part.
Rejuvenation. All old shoots that do not fit into the silhouette are removed. Only the young parts are left. Carried out on succulents and woody shrubs. Cut the branch to a young shoot.
Full circumcision. All young shoots are cut off, leaving only branches. Contributes to the creation of a compact form. The aerial part is also removed from plants that form flowers only on young shoots (abutilon, dope, fuchsia, balsam). All stems with flowers are cut off at a distance of 5 cm from the base.
Defoliation. It is carried out on bonsai trees to slow down the development and formation of small leaves. In May or June, cut off all the leaves at the base of the petiole. After two weeks, young buds will begin to develop on the plant and smaller leaves will form. Held every 3-4 years.
Plants that don't need pruning. These include all those that do not form a stem: achimenes, amaryllis, gloxinia, streptocarpus, and so on. Dried leaves and buds are removed on them.
Cactus, banana, fern are not pruned, the aerial part is removed only for rejuvenation.
Palm trees - cannot be cut off, since growth occurs due to the apical bud.
Removing faded flowers. A must-have for further stimulating flowering. Remove the entire petiole flower.