Indoor roses belong to the Rosaceae family. Miniature bushes reach a height of about 40-45 cm. More than a hundred varieties and varieties of this graceful, unusually beautiful flower are known.
For keeping indoors, remontant, Bengal, and polyanthus roses are best suited.
Buying a rose. Choose a plant with unblown buds. Carefully inspect the rose for pests, in what state the leaves are.
If there are blooming flowers on the bush, then most of them must be cut off for better plant growth. Leave two or three flowers and a couple of buds.
Let the rose stand for a couple of days, acclimatize. After that, you can proceed to the transplant (section - Transplant).
Polyanthus - low bushes, strongly branched with densely arranged small flowers of white, pink or red color, most often odorless. At home, flowering continues all year round.
Repaired - have dense foliage, dark green color, flower buds are located on a long peduncle, resemble the shape of a glass. The flowers are not as densely arranged as those of the previous representatives of the Rosaceae family, but you can enjoy their splendor twice during one season.
Bengal - great for growing in an apartment, as they are compact and not capricious. Small leaves and lush flowers of pink, red, less often white will decorate your interior almost all year round.
You can buy indoor roses, white, red, pink and other colors in our store
The richness of forms, a unique aroma, the original color palette of this beautiful plant will captivate with its charm, few can resist the attractiveness of a room rose.
In order for a gorgeous flower to become a true decoration of your interior, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for its active growth and life. If you can give the plant the increased attention that the indoor rose loves so much, caring for it will not create much trouble.
Since the rose is not a tropical flower, it is suitable for a temperate climate and cool wintering. Placement should be on the south-east or west side of the apartment.
Lighting. Indoor rose, like other decorative flowering plants, loves sunlight. At the same time, overheating must not be allowed. Therefore, the most optimal place for a rose is the sill of the east or west window. In summer, it is advisable to take the rose out to the balcony or terrace, providing it with shading from direct sunlight.
Temperature. The temperature of the content in summer is 20-25 ° C. Overheating and overdrying of the plant is undesirable. In winter, in order for the rose to rest, it must be placed in a cool room with a temperature of 10-15 ° C. Do not place the bush near heating appliances. Small daily temperature fluctuations for the flower will be beneficial, but hide the rose from cold drafts.
Air humidity. Prefers moist air. In a dry room, roses can become infected with pests, so spray once every two days. If the roses are in a cool place, then you can do without spraying. In order to wash off the dust from the leaves, give them a short shower. On a sunny day, try not to splash the flowers.
Watering. Drying out of the earth is dangerous for the plant. Therefore, as soon as the ground is dry (especially in small pots), water your plant. Watering is especially important in spring and summer during the growing season and growth.
Just do not overdo it with watering, the soil in the pot should not sour.
Defend water well, it is better to use filtered, room temperature.
Top dressing. Roses are fed in spring and summer once every two weeks, alternating between organic and mineral fertilizers intended for flower plants. The purchased and transplanted bush does not need to be fed for a month, and diseased plants cannot be fertilized. The plant does not respond well to feeding on dull, cold days.
Transfer. A transplant is necessary after purchasing the plant. The soil in which the rose is contained when sold is in most cases not intended for the growth and development of the plant. The rose is transplanted into a pot that is 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous pot.
The substrate for the rose is prepared from 1 part of turf, 1 part of humus soil and ¼ part of coarse sand. You can also use commercially available flowering primer or general purpose primer. The main rule is that the substrate must be nutritious. Drainage from expanded clay with a height of 2 cm is required.
Trimming and shaping. Indoor rose pruning involves removing yellow and shriveled leaves and wilted flowers during flowering. Timely pruning will ensure early and lush flowering. The flowers are cut to the first leaf, weak shoots are removed. Also, pruning is carried out before wintering, shortening the shoots to a height of 10 cm.On each shoot, 4-5 buds should be left.
Bloom. Small, decorative, varied colors of flowers on graceful twigs catch the eye and charm with their tenderness. In favorable conditions, the rose blooms all year round every 8-9 weeks. However, in winter, it is still better to give her a rest to gain strength before a new flowering. To do this, prune and place the flowerpot with the plant in a cool place.
Reproduction. Usually the rose is propagated by cuttings. The best time to breed is from May to September. Semi-freshened cuttings about 3 mm thick and 10-15 cm long are cut from the faded shoot and placed in water. The handle should have about 3-5 buds and 3-5 leaves. Place a glass of water in a warm place (at least 20 ° C). After three weeks, the rooted cuttings are planted in the same substrate that is used for transplanting. For successful rooting in soil, add heteroauxin when planting.
In order for the plant to grow stronger, the first buds must be removed.
Diseases and pests. The plant is susceptible to powdery mildew and spider mites attack.
Treatment consists in removing all affected leaves and treating the plant with a special preparation from the group of fungicides.
A common cause of frequent diseases of a room rose is improper care: poor ventilation of the room, too high an air temperature, high humidity.
Indoor rose in winter. For better growth and development of indoor rose, it is better to rest in winter. To do this, the shoots of the plant are cut to a height of about 10 cm (the leaves are left) and placed in a cool place with a temperature of 10-15 ° C away from heating devices. Stop feeding and limit watering to 1-2 times a week. However, the clod of earth should not dry out. To increase the humidity, the pot with the plant can be placed in a pallet with wet expanded clay so that the pot does not touch the expanded clay.
Interesting Facts. Rose is considered to be a symbol of beauty and perfection. The queen of flowers differs not only in its original appearance, but it is successfully used in cosmetology to create creams, lotions and the legendary rose oil.
In medicine, rose essential oil is used to treat and prevent influenza, relieve toothache, as well as relieve fatigue and improve sleep. In addition, the charming plant has aphrodisiac properties and beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system.
PHOTO ROOM ROSE