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Crocus, saffron

Crocus, saffron

Crocus (lat.Crocus) is a perennial corm plant belonging to the Iris or Iris family. The homeland of the plant is considered to be the Mediterranean, which includes the regions of Southern Europe and North Africa, as well as part of Asia.

Its range is wide enough, and some of the species belong to the endangered group and are rightly listed in the Red Book.

In its natural environment, crocus's favorite habitats are various biotopes, starting with steppes and meadows, including high-mountain ones, ending with sparse forests. At the same time, the plant successfully exists at home, being a popular indoor flower, which is often presented as a gift.

Other plant names: The Latin name "Crocus" is common in floriculture literature and among flower lovers, but no less often it is called saffron.

Crocus are popular varieties. In the world, you can find about 300 varieties of crocus, each of which is beautiful in its own way and has a unique color. Many of them, namely 14 groups out of 15, bloom in early spring, without waiting for the last snows to melt, but there are also autumn flowers - their minority.

Most popular varieties:

Lilac Remembrans is a popular variety among lovers of home beauty, characterized by a charming flowering that resembles a bright fluttering butterfly. Flower size - up to 8 cm. Ideal as a gift in honor of the Spring Festival.

White Joan of Arc - forms snow-white flowers in the form of glasses, the height of which can reach 15 cm. Amazing in the form of a potted plant. Pleases with long flowering - for 2-3 weeks.

Flower Record - The flower reaches 6-8 cm in diameter and up to 15 in length. It blooms in early spring and has good resistance to unfavorable weather. Feels good in indoor conditions. The color is purple-violet and the flowering time is more than 2 weeks.

You can buy Crocuses in pots in our store:

Useful properties of crocus. Strengthens the digestive system and heart, improves skin condition, being a strong aphrodisiac and antiseptic. The plant has anti-inflammatory and soothing properties, beneficial to the nervous system. Its aroma acts as a sleeping pill, and crocus lotions relieve headaches.

Crocus - Care

Crocus is the love of many gardeners and fans of indoor plants. Growing it is not so difficult, but you need to take into account some of the nuances associated with planting a plant and caring for it. Crocuses, along with Azaleas, Begonias, Gardenias, Hyacinths, Roses, Stephanotis, Spathiphyllums and Tulips are often presented to women on March 8 - this is one of the most popular primroses.

Lighting. This is one of the most light-loving plants, so the more illuminated its habitat, the better. South-facing windows are considered optimal. Crocus will sprout in the shady zone, but there is a risk that the buds will not want to open.

Temperature. For all its love for the sun, the crocus does not need high air temperatures. The norm is up to 20 degrees Celsius, but no more, otherwise the flowering period will be much shorter. When it comes to winter time, it is advisable to store the bulbs in a cool room with a temperature of about 10 degrees.

Air humidity. This parameter of care is not decisive, since crocuses tend to tolerate sufficiently dry air. If it is too dry, and there is an opportunity to moisturize it - great. Alternatively, you can use a regular room humidifier or just a container of water placed near the plant, but you should not indulge in direct spraying of the crocus. This can negatively affect the attractiveness of the flowers.

Watering. In the active phase of crocus growth, moderate but systematic watering should be used. Too much water can be detrimental, as can an apparent lack of water. In winter, the bulb must be dry at all. You should not spray it again, otherwise the process of decay will begin.

Top dressing. With an annual crocus transplant, the plant can do without feeding, since there are enough nutrients in the new soil. If the soil is not nutritious enough, then before flowering, within a month, you can pamper the crocus with liquid mineral fertilizers once or twice. The same procedure should be carried out after the end of flowering. It is advisable to apply top dressing to wet soil.

Transfer. Ideally crocuses should be replanted once a year using pots with relatively large drainage holes. The soil is loose and nutritious. The distance between the bulbs should be at least 2 cm. To eliminate excess moisture, sprinkle on top with a layer of river sand. Watering is activated once, immediately after planting - water at room temperature is used. The next watering is after the first leaves of the plant appear.

Growing outdoors. A plant donated on March 8th can be transplanted from a pot into open ground. This is best done at the end of the flowering period. The crocus is carefully dug in, removed from the pot along with the soil and transplanted into loosened soil, ideally in a more or less open area. If the soil is poor, fertilizing can be used for nutrients.

Trimming and shaping. Crocuses should not be cut off immediately after flowering. Even if the leaves are already yellowed, they still nourish the plant. Only wilting buds are subject to removal.

Bloom. Crocus is interesting in that flowers can often appear before leaves, delighting the eye with their predominantly bright color with thin stripes or spots. Each flower contains yellow stamens with large quantities of pollen. The aroma in most varieties is very pronounced and undoubtedly pleasant. It attracts not only people but also insects.

Reproduction. This process takes place by planting seeds or more often bulbs, which are separated from the mother and transplanted into separate soil. After such a division, the first flowering can be expected after 2 years. Sometimes self-seeding occurs, which is characteristic of some species capable of forming seeds.

Diseases and pests. Ailments can occur with stagnant water. In this case, the bulbs are subject to rotting, and the plant dies. Viral diseases are not excluded, especially in the absence of periodic preventive measures. The most common fungal diseases are fusarium and gray rot. If the rest period is not long enough, crocuses can be severely weakened, which negatively affects their flowering.

Interesting Facts:

In ancient times, crocus as a spice was at the same price as gold and ten times more valuable than black pepper. This is due to the fact that for the preparation of stigmas it was necessary to make titanic efforts, finding and destroying hundreds of thousands of flowers.

Crocus is a Latin word meaning thread.

The popularity of crocus in ancient Egypt was off the charts. Even the great Cleopatra used the flowers of the plant for her rejuvenating baths.

Crocus is a natural preservative and dishes seasoned with it can last longer. At the same time, saffron is poisonous when consumed in very large quantities.

PHOTOS OF CROCUSES

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