You can enjoy this beautiful plant both in its natural habitat and at home.
Banana is a very interesting plant that many consider a palm tree. But this is not the case. Banana is nothing more than a herb. It is the grass that reaches up to 15 meters in height.
Such incredible "growth" of perennial grass is due not to the tall stem, but to the leaves. They grow in a spiral, adhering tightly to each other, creating a pseudo stem.
In 10 months, the plant reaches eight meters in height. Old leaves die off, and they are replaced by new, smooth oblong, coated with wax. Such leaves reach 250 centimeters in length and up to 50 in width.
banana flower Another uniqueness of the banana is its inflorescence. It has the shape of a large tulip and consists of cover leaves, red, burgundy, and even green.
Inside, in tiers, there are flowers for women, men and both sexes. At the very root, there are female, fruitful ones. On the middle layer, they are bisexual. The top is covered with male flowers. Their flowering period is short, so they quickly fall off.
When this flower opens, birds and various insects pollinate it. If the flowering period begins at night, then bats are engaged in pollination. The nectar of the banana flower, very sweet, is what attracts flying fauna.
From one banana inflorescence, you can get about 50-60 kilograms of fruit.
The fruit of a banana is called a berry. Their size and color depends on the type of plant. There are about forty such species. The berries are red, green, yellow, and even black. The size of the fruit can be from 3 to 40 centimeters.
They also differ in the presence or absence of seeds. Wild species of grass reproduce by this seed, and cultivated forms - vegetatively, asexually. Banana seeds are distributed by animals that are not averse to feasting on this sweet berry.
Banana fruits are packed with vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, ascorbic acid and many others. These elements are very beneficial for the body.
To get fruit, the banana should be nourished and fed. If the grass grows in a greenhouse, it should be propped up so that the stem does not break under the weight of the fruit.
The environment that works best for banana is the tropical climate. Therefore, this plant can be found in Malaysia, India, Africa, the Canary Islands, and other hot countries. But, under certain conditions, this plant can be grown as an ornamental.
There are the following types of decorative growing banana: pointed, textile, Abyssinian and many others. To do this, you need to get banana seeds, or buy a dwarf banana seedling.
Since this is a thermophilic plant, it is necessary to provide it with a temperature of 27-30 degrees Celsius, bright sunlight. If it is not possible to achieve this temperature, you can prefer a more cold-resistant type - the Japanese banana.
The composition of the soil for planting is no less important. It should be loose soil that retains moisture well. Also, drainage is needed. The banana should be placed in a pot large enough for the roots to develop well. It is important to repot the plant as it grows.
It must also be remembered that a banana has a different growth rate. Abundant but moderate watering will allow the plant to grow to a large size. If the soil is flooded, the banana can contract a fungal disease.
Grow bananas at home and enjoy the juicy pulp of their fruit.