Weigela (Latin Weigela) is a deciduous shrub, belongs to the Honeysuckle family. It originates from the eastern and southeastern regions of Asia, less commonly found on the island of Java. Only 15 species of this shrub are known, 7 of them are grown in horticultural culture. It is appreciated for its original, elegant appearance and ease of maintenance.
It blooms with bell-shaped flowers, they are burgundy, lilac, pink, lemon and white, depending on the species. As a rule, at first the color is pale, and closer to the end of flowering, it is more saturated. Flowering is replaced by a fruit - a bivalve box filled with small seeds.
Other names: Weigela, Diervilla, Indoor hawthorn.
Weigela - popular types:
Weigela hybrida (Weigela hybrida) - differs in a spreading crown and oval-pointed leaves that do not fall until late autumn. White flowers appear in May. It grows up to 2 meters in height. The most popular are such hybrid forms: Weigela Korean + Weigela blooming (W. Coraeensis), Weigela Korean + Weigela abundantly blooming (W. Floribunda).
Weigela flowering or weigela florida (Weigela florida) is a winter-hardy shrub that can grow up to 3 meters in height. The leaves are deep green in color with small white blotches. White, slightly pinkish flowers, rather large, tubular, collected in inflorescences. A fast-growing species that develops well in sunny areas, and is also able to adapt to life in semi-shaded areas.
Weigela floribunda is a fast-growing shrub, reaching a height of 3 - 3.5 meters. The flowers are pubescent, at the beginning of flowering are red, over time they become paler, light pink.
Weigela Korean (Weigela coraeensis) - grows up to 1.5 meters in height, much higher in the wild, about 5 meters. The leaves are wide, pointed at the edge, slightly pubescent below, smooth and shiny above. Flowering begins at the end of May and lasts for a month. The flowers are initially pale pink, and closer to wilting they acquire a bright carmine color.
Purchase of seedlings. To make the plant better adapt to new conditions, choose young bushes for planting. They should not be higher than 1 meter, cuttings 20-30 cm, can easily take root in a new area. It is best to buy seedlings with a closed root system 1.5-2 years old. With an open root system, seedlings are purchased before planting. It is important to carefully examine the bush - there should be no pests, wounds, or broken branches on it.
You can buy weigela seedlings in our store:
Location and landing. Planting time is spring, when the soil has already warmed up enough, before the buds swell. The most suitable place is the south side, where there are no drafts and cold winds. The abundance of sunlight promotes lush budding during flowering.
The soil is needed loose, fertile, saturated with humus.
A layer of earth with compost and 100 g of nitroammophoska (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer) is poured into a hole 40x40 in size, at the bottom of which a drainage of broken brick, crushed stone or expanded clay is pre-installed. Then set up the plant by carefully separating the roots. When planting an adult shrub purchased in a container, make the planting hole 15-20 cm deeper than the height of the flowerpot.
Carefully fill the planting hole with half of the soil, tamping slightly so that the root collar is at the level of the soil. After that, water the plant abundantly and add the remaining soil, mulch the near-trunk circle with peat. Observe the distance between the weigela and other plants of 1.5-2 meters.
Care is quite simple: moderate watering during a drought, remove weeds and periodically apply top dressing. Due to the bright flowering, which in some species repeats twice a year, the backyard will be decorated with exquisite beauty for a long time. Perfect for both single plantings and group compositions in combination with spirea, barberry, cotoneaster.
Watering. In spring and during flowering, watering is abundant. After flowering stops, watering should be reduced. The rest of the time, watering is moderate, as the soil dries.
Loosening, mulching. Loosening is carried out after watering, the diameter of the loosened near-trunk circle is about 2 meters, the depth is 6-10 cm.Mulch with sawdust with a layer of 10-12 cm.
Top dressing. The first two years does not need additional feeding, it is enough that that was introduced during planting. In the third year, in early spring, as soon as the snow melts, feed the shrub with nitrogen fertilizer. Nitrogen promotes good vegetation. Then, during the budding period, apply a special fertilizer for flowering shrubs and repeat at the end of flowering. To increase the plant's winter hardiness, apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizer in early autumn.
Trimming and shaping. Adult bushes need anti-aging pruning every three years, branches that are older than three years are removed, and the rest are shortened by a third. Young plants need sanitary pruning, in which broken, diseased or thickening branches are removed. Also, in the middle of summer, formative pruning is carried out.
Bloom. When weigela blooms, many bright, bell-shaped flowers adorn the bush. In addition, in many species, flowering is repeated twice per season, the first in May-June, and the second in August-September. Twice blooming species include: weigela blooming Boskoop Glory (Weigela florida Boskoop Glory), weigela Middendorf and others.
Reproduction. It is most convenient to propagate with green cuttings, which are separated at the end of April, before new buds appear. For this, a pruner is used, 13-16 cm with two leaves are separated by a straight cut. The cuttings are kept in a dark room at a temperature of +20 ° C for 12 hours. Then they are planted in a prepared sand-peat mixture and placed in a greenhouse. Diffused light and high humidity promote successful rooting, so spray regularly with clean water. After 20-30 days, roots will appear, but the transplant can be carried out only after 1.5 years.
Diseases and pests. Weigela is very rarely attacked by pests and diseases, often due to infection from plants growing in the vicinity. Insecticidal herbal extracts made from wormwood or garlic are suitable for pest control. If, after planting, the seedlings began to wither, perhaps their roots were hit by a bear or the larvae of the May beetle, in this case it is necessary to water the near-trunk soil with a solution of karbofos. In order to prevent bacterial and fungal diseases, the shrub should be treated during the period of foliage with a 3% Topsin solution.
Weigela in winter. To protect a young bush, on the eve of cold weather, sprinkle the roots with a layer of earth about 25 cm, making a mound around the trunk. This is a hardy shrub, the older it is, the better it resists frost. Even a frozen plant often recovers quickly. After severe blizzards, it is advisable to shake off the snow from the branches. Also, carry out this procedure in the spring so that the branches of the plant do not deform from the weight of the melting snow.
Young plants and heat-loving species must be additionally protected from winter weather by creating a small shelter - a frame, which is covered with agrofibre or polyethylene on top. There is also an easier way - to bend the branches to the ground and tie, spread dry leaves or burlap from below, and cover with roofing material on top and insulate with fir branches. This should be done after the foliage has fallen, with the onset of frosty weather.
Interesting Facts. Weigela got its name in 1780 in honor of the German scientist, pharmacist and botanist K.E. von Weigel.