Nolina (lat.Nolina) or Bocarnea (Beaucarnea) - comes from the Asparagus family, subfamily Nolinovye.
This amazing tropical perennial came to us from distant Mexico. In nature, it grows up to 7-8 m, at home, the height, as a rule, does not exceed 2 m. The leaves are oblong, lanceolate, collected at the top and luxuriously hanging in different directions, resembling a woman's hairstyle.
The unusual trunk looks like a bottle, that's why people often call it "bottle tree". Over time, moisture accumulates at the base of the trunk, thanks to which Nolina can withstand a long period of drought.
Other names: ponytail, elephant leg, bottle tree, bokarnea.
Nolina (bokarnea) - popular varieties:
Nolina recurvata - has a straight, tree-like stem, widened downward. Hanging, linear leaves of a rich green color, about 1 m long. In nature, a rather tall tree - 8-10 meters, cream or pink flowers appear during the flowering period. In a home environment, it usually does not bloom, grows up to two meters in height.
Nolina longifolia - is grown mainly in greenhouses, since it is difficult to create suitable conditions in the room. The trunk of the plant is covered with corky bark, which cracks with age. Leaves fall along the trunk, creating a kind of skirt. It blooms with white flowers with a cream shade.
Nolina lindheimeriana - the trunk is weak, at first glance it seems that it is completely absent. The low-growing species is distinguished by strong, elongated leaves, and during the flowering period, small flowers on small inflorescences. Grown in greenhouses and botanical gardens.
You can buy Nolina (Bokarney) in our store
Useful properties of nolina. Enriches the air with useful substances: oxygen, aeroins, ozone. The flower is recommended to be placed in offices, clinics, kindergartens, as the plant has a strengthening effect on the defenses of the human body, creates psychological comfort.
The exotic plant has achieved its popularity among flower growers due to its quirky, original appearance, and unpretentious care. So that the flower does not lose its effectiveness and attractiveness, it is enough to monitor the correct watering and lighting.
Since this is a succulent plant, accustomed to the scorching rays of the sun and dry periods, then place a pot with a bokarnea in the lightest part of the room and let the soil dry well between waterings.
Lighting. Needs bright sunlight. Ideal: southeast window. In summer, you can move to the balcony, and in winter, install additional fluorescent lamps in the room.
Temperature. In the warm season, bokarney is actively developing, in order to organize favorable conditions, watch the temperature, it should be +20 - + 25 ° C. With the arrival of cold weather, the time of rest comes; for the winter, the temperature should be gradually lowered to +10 - + 15 ° C.
Air humidity. Nolina does not need additional hydration and does well in dry climates. Remove dust from plant leaves with a damp sponge only as needed.
Watering. The main rule in caring for nolina: it is better to dry out than to pour. Most of the troubles that happen with this decorative flower are associated with waterlogging of the soil. If you carefully monitor the temperature regime (no higher than + 10 ° C), then in winter you should completely stop watering, if higher - after the soil has completely dried. In summer, water with clean water at room temperature no more than once every five to seven days, but also only after the soil has completely dried out.
Top dressing. Top dressing is carried out in the spring and summer once a month. Alternate mineral and organic fertilizers that are used for decorative leafy plants.
Transfer. The transplant is carried out every three years. Pick up a pot wide, but not deep, nolina feels better in cramped conditions. Large drainage holes are required for water drainage. For large specimens, there are special pots - side dishes.
The soil should not be oversaturated with nutrients; a mixture of soil for cacti and universal soil in equal proportions is excellent. You can make the soil yourself, the following proportions are recommended: 1 part of clay soil, 1 part of leaf and 1 part of sand, or buy a ready-made mixture at a flower shop.
To avoid stagnant water, a drainage layer must be installed at the bottom of the pot.
When transplanting, only the roots are deepened, the thickening at the bottom of the trunk remains above the soil.
The transplant is carried out in dry soil, the first watering can be carried out after ten days.
Trimming and shaping. For the purpose of formation, they do not use pruning, but adjustments in lighting and watering. Medium light and regular watering will make the plant more elongated with a slight thickening at the bottom of the trunk and disheveled foliage.
To get a stunted plant with a bulky "bottle" at the base, you need to provide bright lighting and occasional but abundant watering.
Bloom. Large species bloom with small fragrant flowers, gathered in dense clusters that bend down beautifully. In species with short stems, large paniculate inflorescences rush high up. However, flowering in indoor conditions occurs quite rarely, only in old overgrown bokarny.
Reproduction. The most commonly used breeding method for nolina is by seed. The seeds are pre-soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. After two days, the seeds are sown in fertile soil, moistened, covered with glass and placed in a well-lit place. By constantly controlling the humidity, ventilating, using the backlight, you can see young green leaves after two to three weeks. After the plants grow up, they should be transplanted into separate pots.
Nolina also reproduces by lateral offspring. The flower sprouts if a constant earth temperature of +25 degrees is maintained. It is very difficult to separate the processes from the main trunk without damage, so it is better not to experiment if you are unsure of your competence.
Diseases and pests of nolina. Indoor nolina is rarely attacked by pests and diseases.
The main reason for the deterioration of its decorative properties is excessive watering. The plant is adapted to the conditions of the desert, where there are frequent and prolonged droughts, it takes moisture during this period from its reserves. If the correct watering is not observed, the roots of the plant will begin to rot, the leaves begin to become covered with spots. To save the flower, all affected parts will have to be cut off, treated with activated carbon and transplanted into fresh, dry soil.
Pests that Nolina encounters: spider mites, scale insects, scale insects, thrips. The best protection is to keep the plant clean, wipe the leaves from dirt, and if the air is too dry, spray it. If a pest is found, you need to wipe the leaves with a sponge and soapy water or treat with insecticides.
Nolina in winter. In winter, the bottle tree goes into a mode of saving moisture reserves. At a temperature of + 10 degrees, watering is canceled completely. If the air temperature is higher, then watering is carried out, as in the summer, as the soil dries out. Try to protect nolin from drafts and cold winds.
Interesting Facts. Due to the natural accumulation of water at the base of the trunk, the outlandish plant can grow in areas where it rains only once a year. An inconspicuous representative of the asparagus family is a godsend for a novice grower. Well suited as a center plant for succulent compositions.
PHOTO NOLINA, BOCARNEA