Dracaena bordered (lat.Dracaena marginata) is a tree, a species of the genus Dracaena of the Asparagaceae family. In their historical homeland, Fr. Madagascar, grows 3-5 meters in height.
In indoor or office conditions, it reaches a height of three meters. One of the most unpretentious varieties of dracaena. Differs in the original coloring of the leaves, they are green with a reddish-purple border around the edges. The shape of the leaf is narrow-linear, with a pointed end. Over time, scars from fallen leaves form on the bare tree trunk.
Other names: Dracaena red-bordered, Dracaena bordered, Dracaena marginata.
Useful properties: The plant reduces the content of formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, xylene and other harmful chemicals in the air, humidifies the air.
Dracaena - popular types:
Fragrant dracaena (Dracaena fragrans) is a large, hardy plant that grows up to 2 meters at home, and much higher in the wild - up to 6 m.Blooms with white fragrant flowers. Great for arranging a winter garden or for spacious office spaces.
Dracaena deremensis (Dracaena deremensis) is a spectacular, evergreen plant with high decorative qualities. Its beautiful dark green foliage will add sophistication to any space. In addition to its majestic beauty, it cleans the air from harmful substances.
Dracaena reflexa (Dracaena reflexa) - has curved, arched leaves that begin to branch at the base of the trunk. At home, it blooms quite rarely, the flowers are white, small in size, collected in panicles. Care is more difficult than that of its relatives, therefore it is most often grown in greenhouses, where the necessary climatic parameters are observed.
It is prized by flower growers for its exquisite and exotic beauty. But if you want the flower to delight you for many years, read the rules of maintenance and care features.
Due to its ability to humidify the air, dracaena marginata is most often used for indoor decoration. Does not require increased attention to itself, easily tolerates lack of lighting and irregular watering. They can grow even on the north side of the room, but grows faster and develops in brighter light. This is the best option for landscaping offices, spacious living rooms, hotels, restaurant halls.
Despite its durability and unpretentiousness, dracaena marginata is very sensitive even to minor damage to leaf plates. Therefore, try not to rearrange the pot with the plant once again, but use a special support for better stability of the trunk.
Lighting. For bordered dracaena, a bright place without direct rays is best suited. The plant can grow in partial shade, however, for the good development of dracaena, a lot of light is needed, especially for variegated forms. If the leaves of the plant become lighter, move the flower closer to the window or compensate for the lack of lighting with fluorescent lamps.
In summer, dracaena can be taken out on the balcony with shade from direct sunlight.
Temperature. The optimum temperature for keeping Dracaena marginata in summer is 18-25 ° C. If the weather is hotter, increase watering and take care of humidifying the air.
In winter - the thermometer in the room should not fall below 15 ° C. At elevated temperatures, dracaena must provide additional watering. Also try to protect the flower from cold drafts and frosty air.
Air humidity. Dracaena of this variety tolerate dry air, but in this case it is imperative to spray the plant regularly (1-2 times a day). This will reduce the drying process of the dracaena leaf tips. It will be useful to place the plant pot in a tray filled with damp expanded clay.
A warm shower is also useful for dracaena in order to wash off the dust from the leaves. Use purified water at room temperature.
Watering. Watering is neat, dracaena cannot be poured. The soil between waterings should dry out by 2-3 cm. It is highly recommended to loosen the topsoil for aeration at least once a month.
If a salt crust has formed on top, it must be removed and filled with fresh substrate.
In winter, watering is more moderate, but do not overdry the earthy coma, especially if there is central heating in the room.
Top dressing. You can feed the bordered dracaena all year round. However, in the autumn-winter period, feeding should be limited to 1 time per month with a half dose.
In summer and spring, from March to September, fertilizing is carried out 2 times a month in moist, recently watered soil. Complex fertilizers are usually used, alternating organic with mineral or special fertilizers for palms and dracaena.
Bloom. At home, it practically does not bloom. This evergreen shrub is prized for its bright, beautiful leaves.
Transfer. Young dracaena is best replanted in spring after 1-2 years by transshipment, older plants - after 2-3 years. In dracaena in tubs, you need to replace the top layer of the substrate about 5 cm with a new one every year.
Land for transplanting or transshipment can be used purchased for palm trees and dracaena. It is recommended to add a little sand, pieces of charcoal to the substrate (to prevent root diseases), you can add a little small brick chips to increase the looseness of the soil.
Good large drainage is very important for bordered dracaena; this species does not tolerate excess water.
Trimming and shaping. Pruning dracaena bordered is carried out by cutting off the top of the plant. This increases branching and promotes dracaena renewal. You can leave 4-5 sheets on the trunk. To try to get "candles", a plastic bag is put on the cut site to maintain the required humidity. If you are lucky, 3-5 lateral buds near the cut site will awaken in about a month. As the fresh shoots grow, the bag is removed.
Reproduction. The cut off top of the plant can be used for reproduction. The optimum length of the cut top for these purposes is 10-15 cm. To obtain the roots, the top must be placed in an opaque container with water and pieces of carbon (activated carbon). Rooting can also be carried out directly in soil or sand.
Dracaena marginata also reproduces in pieces of the stem 5-7 cm long. To do this, pour a 5-7 cm thick substrate and the same layer of wet sand into the container. Stick a piece of the stem into the wet sand to a depth of two centimeters. Subsequently, the cutting will take root in the sand, then in the soil and it will not need to be replanted and the root system will not be injured.
Plants in winter. The dormant period for dracaena lasts from October to January.
The temperature should not fall below 15 ° C. Do not forget to periodically humidify the air if the temperature is higher than acceptable standards.
Protect the plant from hypothermia and waterlogging of the earth!
Diseases and pests. With proper care, it rarely gets sick. May be affected by scabbard, spider mites, aphids, mealybugs. Root decay can occur from over-watering. Sometimes, to help the plant, it is enough to adjust the watering and wipe the leaves with a special agent. In difficult cases, it will be necessary to replace the earthen mixture and treat the roots with a fungicidal solution.
It is interesting. In nature, this unique evergreen plant is considered young up to 35 years old, then the fruiting period begins, and old age lasts several hundred years. The oldest dracaena tree grows on the coast of Tenerife, it is 400 years old and 17 meters tall.
Residents of Madagascar make paint for fabrics from dracaena juice, varnish for metal coating, and are also used to treat stomach and skin diseases.
PHOTO OF Dracaena marginata