Clivia is a genus of monocotyledonous plants of the asparagus order. The evergreen perennial belongs to the Amaryllis family. Named after the governess of the Queen of Great Britain Victoria - Duchess of Northumberlain.
The flower is unusually beautiful, calling it, John Lindley emphasized the charm and charm of the famous Charlotte Clive. The amazing appearance of the plant excited the astronauts; in 1920, the asteroid of the same name appeared in the sky. The heavenly body (935) is named Clevia.
The perennial is represented by 5 varieties, the geography of distribution is the South African area. The flowering bush reaches a height of 60 centimeters. Looks luxurious: densely connected leaves of a rich green color and an inflorescence with a palette of yellow-pink to red-orange.
On one false stem, several flower arrows are formed in succession, uniting 10-20 bell-shaped inflorescences. At the root, the foliage is somewhat thickened, imitating a bulb. Unlike other representatives of the amarylissa family, the plant still lacks a bulb. Prefers a humid subtropical climate. The root system is massive, retains moisture and nutrients well.
Clivia - popular types:
Clivia cinnabar (Clivia miniata or Vallota miniata) is an unpretentious favorite of florists, has medicinal properties. For the bites of poisonous reptiles - indispensable pain relievers according to the recipe of the inhabitants of Zulu. They also use it to treat fever and relieve labor. The wrong dosage can harm your health, as the bush contains alkaloids. Cultivated in greenhouses. At home, it is common as an ornamental plant. It is popular due to flowering in winter and spring. Care and cultivation do not require much effort, the seed mass is readily available. The subspecies has ribbon-like leaves, tightly adjacent to each other. Peduncle up to 33 centimeters high. The color of the inflorescences is deep orange, at the base is yellow-white.
Clivia nobilis - the second name is "forest lily". It is distinguished by an unusual shade of foliage: light green edging is located on a dark green base. Blossom arrows shoot from November to March. The height of the perennial is up to 40 centimeters. The lily-shaped bud has 40-60 specimens, from bright red to pink tint. Caring for a noble species, it is important to be patient - the first flowering should be expected in 5-6 years, but after - the process does not stop for decades.
You can buy clivia in our store:
The flowering specimen is unpretentious. Unlike other subtropical specimens, he prefers solitude: it is necessary to disturb with care in case of emergency.
Harmful actions (unnecessarily) are:
The ideal location of the container with perennials in the room is next to the windows facing west, east or the server.
Lighting. A shade-tolerant species stays in bright light without consequences, but direct sunlight is fatal with burns.
Temperature. An exotic guest prefers a temperature regime within 20-25 degrees. From October-November, it is advisable for the plant to provide rest by lowering the thermometer values in the room to 12-14. After the clivia releases the flower arrow, you need to transfer it to a room with an air temperature of 18-20 degrees. The dormant period lasts about 2-3 months.
Air humidity. There are no particular preferences for saturating the space with moisture. The South African origin has resulted in the ability of the root system to maintain the required moisture level at all times.
Watering. The top layer of soil should not dry out, but an excess of liquid in the pan is destructive.
The specifics of watering the asparagus bush in October-November:
If the leaf plates dry out or fall off, this is a signal of a lack of moisture. After watering and replanting, after half an hour, the excess water from the pallet must be drained.
Top dressing. The need for nutrients arises during flowering. The stage of active growth also requires feeding.
When the first bud appears:
Bloom. At a young age, it blooms once a year, with proper care over time, the frequency of the appearance of buds will double. It is more likely to observe the beauty of the inflorescences after the plant reaches a height of 12-15 centimeters. The growth of the peduncle is facilitated by moderate watering, a stable temperature regime.
If the long-awaited budding is complete, the mineralization and watering regime should be left unchanged. An adult blooms twice; at the end of summer, the repeated peduncle will resume. If this does not happen, the plant has an urgent need for rest, namely:
A "stressful" situation will provoke the ejection of a flower arrow in about half a month. A peculiarity of a perennial is the appearance of buds in a different season, but with a frequency of 1 time per year.
The decorative beauty is capable of bearing fruit. Self-pollination does not occur, the variety needs artificial assistance. The fruits ripen for about a year. At this time, the plant is in dire need of microelements. The seed mass must be removed from the soft orange-red seed.
Transfer. The frequency of the procedure is determined by the need:
Careful transfer of the substrate with the root system into a new container will protect the bush from decay.
The soil. Asparagus plants prefer a versatile soil with good water permeability and structure. Components of the soil mixture: peat, sand, turf soil. Optimal special fertilizer for flowering indoor varieties.
Reproduction. Seedling methods - side shoots and annual seeds. Siblings with 4 or more leaves should be considered ready for transplantation.
Pests. Clivia is affected by pests. Among the most common parasites are the mealybug or scale insect. Treatment of the bush with soapy water, the use of actellik will immediately ease the condition of the ornamental bush.
Diseases. A South African visitor occasionally loses her beauty:
The perennial is popular among flower lovers due to its unpretentiousness and budding at least once a year.
Winter period. In the cold season, the location of the flower pot in the northern part slows down growth, so it is optimal to move to the western or eastern part. On hot days, a balcony or garden area with partial shade is a great option.
Interesting facts about clivia. Praising a guest from a hot continent, an asteroid is named after her. Clivia's aristocracy manifests itself in her love for appeasement. Excessive vain actions for transplanting, watering, pruning, fertilizing are harmful.
Outward beauty is deceiving: the root is poisonous to humans. A small dose of licorin promotes salivation, induces a gag reflex. And this is the most harmless effect.
Be careful and enjoy the beauty!