The term "flower dishes" hides in itself a wide variety of types of ceramic and plastic pots, flowerpots, flower pots, glass vases, bowls, tubs, baskets in which the plant can be placed.
The crockery for cultivation has a hole in the bottom for draining water and a tray on which it is placed.
Decorative dishes, under the general name "pots", have no holes in the bottom and serve as a decoration. When watering plants in a pots, be sure to ensure that no water remains at the bottom of the dish.
But more often than not, planters are designed to hide unassuming flower pots. Also, pots are used as a decor for fast flowering plants or a support for ampelous and branched plants.
Growing utensils can also serve as a decorative function. You can find glossy and mother-of-pearl flowerpots, with a smooth and embossed surface and bright or pastel patterns.
Traditionally, flower pots have been made from clay for a long time. The advantage of clay pots is that plant roots could breathe through their porous walls.
But in practice, it has been proven that plants can grow well in plastic, metal or ceramic pots.
Most houseplants do not require a large pot. Large-leaved plants and palms require deep pots, and violets, fittonias, and other small, lush-leaved plants do well in wide and low planters.
The pot should be about 1 / 3-1 / 5 of the height of the plant, including its roots.
For example: for a pot with a diameter of 20 cm, plants with a height of 30 cm to 1.5 m are suitable. Usually the diameter of the pot is 2/3 of the height, but these proportions are rather arbitrary. The wider the crown of the plant, the wider the pot should be.
The planter should be heavy and wide enough. Its diameter should be no more than 5 times less than the height of the plant.
The emergence of the root system from the drainage hole is the first sign of replanting the plant. Soak the substrate well before removing the plant. If the plant cannot be removed, then you should break the pot, cut off the damaged and old roots, then untangle the ones remaining at the bottom. Fertilizing is carried out 2 months after transplantation.
If the plant is still developing, then when transplanting, you should take a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. For an adult plant, an identical-sized pot is suitable.
Tall plants are best planted in plastic pots. They are lighter and therefore more convenient to carry.
Plants do not always develop symmetrically as they always gravitate towards the light source. For complete confidence in the stability of the plant, you should know that the diameter of the base of the pot should be at least 1/3 of its height. To make it heavier, you can add sand to the substrate.
The mass of the plant should not exceed 1/3 of the mass of the pot with the substrate.
Different plants can be grown in the same pot as long as they have the same temperature, light and watering requirements. Ornamental deciduous plants are usually placed this way, which require regular watering and moderate lighting. But for better development and growth, free space is always required.
If the container has a water reservoir, then the water is poured there, and not watered with the substrate. It should be watered from above no more than once a month to wash off the salts, the rest of the watering through the reservoir.