All plants that form climbing shoots are unable to independently support the weight of the leaves, so a support is made for them.
Many indoor plants need support as they grow.
It is best to place a support during transplanting or at the beginning of growth, so as not to damage the root system. The main requirements for supports are good efficiency and invisibility.
If straight, arched posts are placed for support, then they mean the installation of a support. If a plant requires a lattice, wire mesh or stretched threads for development, then the term is used - tying.
Support material. The best are considered to be bamboo supports (no higher than 1 meter). They camouflage well in foliage and are suitable for young plants. Three or four sticks are tied in the middle with a string, suitable for spreading plants (cyperus, sparmannia).
Method of binding to the support. First, the thread is attached to the support, then it is encircled with an eight around the stem (without pressing) and again fixed on the support. This method allows the stem to develop and grow freely in diameter.
Supports covered with moss are suitable for plants that form aerial roots (aralia, syngonium, ampelous ficuses).
Ladder supports are suitable for large plants (tunbergia, jasmine nightshade, solandra, stephanotis).
A support for daffodils. Installed when the bulb is planted. Thin bamboo sticks are used. Tie the plant with raffia.
Support for fragile plants. The peduncles of some orchid species are very long and have up to 15 flowers. To prevent them from breaking, flower growers use secret supports that repeat the bend. Tie the plant with colored raffia.
A piece of cotton is placed under the dense, but fragile stems of amaryllis to reduce the pressure of the stem between the support.
Philodendron on a support. The support should be covered with artificial or natural moss to improve nutrition. It is used as a second substrate. The care consists in daily spraying with warm water, complex fertilizer is added once a month. Various materials are used to mount the plant, but the most suitable is raffia (natural material from the palm tree).
For powerful plants, a support with a diameter of at least 2 cm is required (monstera, syngonium). Supports made of plastic or metal-plastic are suitable for large and heavy plants. They are durable and used for many years. They are usually green in color for good camouflage in foliage. For plants with variegated foliage, white supports are used.
Arches are used to grow flowering vines. Plants of this species are sold with arches. Ginura, passionflower, plumbago, ivy, grapevine and other climbing plants thrive on a metal arch.
If the diameter of the arch is less than 30 cm, then after one month the support should be replaced and the plant transplanted. Jasmine, tunbergia and plumbago, an arch with a diameter of 40 cm will suffice throughout the year. Decorative supports of various shapes are suitable for plants with small leaves (ivy, ampelous ficus).
Tying plants. Usually creeping plants or vines are tied up so that they grow wide. Tying increases the photosynthetic surface area. This should be done regularly, as the stems are very tangled and break. For highly climbing plants, a large pot is selected in order to exclude transplanting for 3-4 years.
Tying material. Any material is used, the main thing is that it is flexible, durable and well tied. Plastic coated metal wire is used for heavy plants or for tying to a moss-covered pole. For very large plants, plastic collars are used. Nylon threads and thin wire are not suitable for this, as they cut the stems strongly.