Fig is a plant that has settled on all continents of the globe, where there is a tropical and subtropical zone.
The main sources of life for figs are warmth, plenty of light, and a moderate amount of moisture. In all other respects, figs are not capricious. It can grow in the wild, in the garden, and even in indoor conditions.
In indoor conditions, figs grow taller than human height (over two meters). The conditions for caring for figs are very simple.
It is necessary to water the figs abundantly - as the earth dries up, on average 2 times in 7-10 days. This is in the summer and autumn periods, as the plant grows and fructifies. In winter and late autumn, watering should be reduced to 1 time in 14-15 days.
Figs love places with a lot of light, although they can take root and bear fruit in shaded places.
Room temperature is sufficient for the tree to bloom and bear fruit. But figs love to be sprayed with soft water at warm temperatures.
Fig sprouts can also grow in winter at room temperature and sufficient light. But it will be more useful for the plant to create a dormant period for it, when even the leaves fall. So the tree accumulates more strength in order to bloom and bring the best harvest in spring. Dormancy for figs can be achieved simply by placing them in a cool room with a temperature of about 10 ° C.
It is necessary to transplant the plant in the standard mode: as the tree grows, while the plant is young every year before the growth period, older plants are transplanted into a new flowerpot 4 times less often. Figs are adapted to grow in different soils. For indoor conditions, you can use soil from sod, humus and leafy soil. A small amount of sand can be added.
Mineral fertilizers such as ash, as well as organic fertilizers can be used for feeding. You can alternate feeding at a frequency of once every 14 days. Usually feeding is used during the period of growth activation.
You can get new plants by germinating seeds (it does not take much time - just a few weeks), by means of cuttings. However, in the first case, the fruits appear in a maximum of five years, and in the second case, they may be already in the first year.
The appearance of flowers in figs occurs in early spring and ends late in the fall. In parallel, flowers and fruits can exist on the tree. But figs bear fruit in two runs a year - in summer and autumn. There are two types of fruits - from flowers with pistils and stamens, inedible hard small fruits are formed, called capriffigs, as well as figs themselves, which are formed from female flowers. The latter are preferably bred for harvesting the fruits of the figs for food.
To get a dense crown from a tree, you can trim the top of the plant or pinch it.
Figs also become very vulnerable in warm temperatures and dry air. Then the leaves lose their protection against the parasites, and the latter attack them. Depending on the type of parasite, appropriate preparations are used to treat the affected leaves.
Fig fruits are very healing, they are used for the treatment and prevention of many diseases. Figs are a supplier of potassium for the work of the heart muscle. It has an effect on blood composition, in particular, reduces the amount of cholesterol. Due to the presence of bones, it stimulates the work of the atonic intestine (relieves constipation). Figs are quite high in calorie content, they can replenish the body's energy losses.