Yucca elephantipes is a type of yucca suitable for keeping in an office or growing in an apartment. Yucca (Latin Yucca) is a genus of tree-like evergreen plants from the Agavaceae family.
Yucca is native to the humid subtropics of North America. There are more than forty species of the yucca plant, of which about a dozen grow in our area. In the southern countries of Europe, where there is enough sunlight and heat, the plant takes root well in the open field. In countries with changeable, more severe weather conditions, with high humidity, this palm is kept as an indoor flower.
The bushy plant has a woody trunk, the leaves are hard, rather long: from thirty centimeters to one meter, pointed and collected at the base in a socket. The color of the leaves is most often bright green, in some species there is an uneven color, light stripes are visible.
This large houseplant that looks like a palm tree is suitable for spacious rooms. Yucca looks great both alone and in a company with other colors.
Yucca - species:
Aloe-leaf yucca (Yucca aloifolia L.), fruit - berry. It has many similarities with the elephant yucca, but of a more modest size and much more capricious. Hard, xiphoid, spirally arranged leaves are pale green in color, about forty centimeters long, after drying, they form a strong palm-shaped trunk.
Glorious yucca (Yucca gloriosa L.), fruit is not opening, dry, spongy, but not fleshy. One of the most popular types. An ornamental plant looks beautiful on a lawn, in a flower garden or indoors. It has a fibrous root system, the leaves are linear, wide, pointed, up to seventy centimeters long. A shrub with a rounded, simple or branched trunk, reaching a height of 1.5 meters.
Yucca filamentous (Yucca filamentosa L.), capsule fruit. Refers to plant species that can withstand wintering in open areas. Outwardly it looks like a bush, reaching a height of one and a half meters. Two years after planting, fragrant flowers begin to bloom, which delight with their beauty for two to three weeks, towering above the rosette of leaves.
Short-leaved Yucca (Yucca brevifolia Engelm.). The branchy plant has a large number of short, hard, densely spaced leaves with pale green edges. The tall trunk can be up to 50 cm in diameter.
Differs in endurance, adapts well to the terrain, if you create it optimal conditions for life. Yucca needs a regular supply of fresh air and sufficient watering for proper growth and development.
The frequency of watering depends on the temperature of the room in which the yucca grows; the hotter the climate, the more often it needs to be watered. Try to keep water out of the leaf outlet. The plant is afraid of cold drafts, so when ventilating the room, take precautions, hide the palm tree in a secluded place.
Lighting. Yucca loves sunlight, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. In summer, it is useful to take it out into the fresh air: on the balcony, in the garden. Yucca can grow in partial shade, but the leaves will not be as lush.
It is desirable to provide a minimum of three hours of direct sunlight per day. The ideal option for the winter is to settle the plant in the southern part of the room, if this is not possible, use artificial lighting.
Temperature. In the spring-summer period the temperature is 20-25 ° C, in the autumn-winter period - 12-16 ° C. Garden plants can withstand lower temperatures. Yucca does not tolerate sudden changes in air temperature.
To prevent the palm tree from losing its bright color and retaining its natural strength, keep an eye on the balance of light and temperature, especially in winter. If you provide too hot air, without sufficient lighting, the leaves of the yucca can become thinner, lose their former juiciness and hang, and the bases of its shoots can stretch out strongly.
Air humidity. Yucca loves humid air, but does not require spraying. In order for the leaves to have a decorative look, they must be washed or wiped with a damp swab.
In winter, to reduce the dryness of the air, the yucca must be sprayed at least once a day. To increase moisture, yucca can be placed on a pallet with damp expanded clay, moss or pebbles.
Watering. Water should be used purified or at least separated. Watering frequency depends on plant size, pot depth, and ambient humidity. In summer, water the yucca abundantly, but not often, after the topsoil has dried. On average, this should be done once a week.
In winter, watering is further reduced to prevent root rot. However, the earth should not be allowed to dry out either.
Top dressing. With the beginning of active growth of the plant, as a rule, in the spring, you need to start feeding with complex mineral and organic fertilizers. Fertilize the soil every two to three weeks during the spring and summer period. You can not feed the yucca after a transplant, in the winter or during illness.
Transfer. When transplanting, inspect the plant for rotten roots. Such roots must be removed. Yucca needs good drainage. It is recommended to add 15-20% coarse sand to the soil.
The transplant is usually carried out in the spring with an interval of 2 years. It is advisable to reload the plant.
Trimming and shaping. To achieve the branching of the yucca trunk, you need to cut off the top 10 cm long with a sharp knife. Sprinkle the cut with coal or cover it with garden pitch. Pruning is best done in spring or early summer so as not to weaken the plant. The pruning palm must be well-rooted, at least 60 cm high.
Bloom. This light-loving plant can bloom in the summer. In an adult yucca, beautiful white flowers resembling bells bloom from the center of the leaf rosette. Large, racemose inflorescences, after which they are replaced by brown oval-shaped fruits, up to 2.5 cm long.
Reproduction. The tip cut off from an overgrown plant can be rooted. Also, yucca is propagated by pieces of a trunk, 10-15 cm long. For this, the lower end must be stuck into wet sand or a mixture of peat and sand. Rooted shoots are transplanted into a substrate, into which it is desirable to add pieces of charcoal.
Reproduction by daughter rosettes and seeds is also possible.
Diseases and pests. If the watering rules are not followed, the plant is exposed to fungal and bacterial diseases. The appearance of dark spots on the leaves, softness and decay of the trunk can serve as a signal of infection. At an early stage, the disease can be cured if the affected leaves are removed, and the healthy parts of the plant are treated with a special preparation: a fungicide.
In a too hot, poorly ventilated room, a spider mite can settle on a yucca. The plant is covered with cobwebs, dries, the leaves turn yellow. In this case, you should wash the leaves on both sides with an infusion of garlic or onion peels, and a solution of Dalmatian chamomile is also suitable for these purposes. Repeat the procedure until the pest completely disappears.
Another well-known parasite that poses a threat to the development of this ornamental plant is the shield aphid. You can purchase special insecticides to combat the scabbard or do with improvised means, daily wiping the leaves with a solution of laundry soap.
Yucca in winter. Place closer to a sunny window. Protect from hypothermia (below 8 ° C) and overheating (above 25 ° C), optimally 12-16 ° C. Spray, do not dry the leaves. Do not overfill the plant!
Interesting Facts. In American English, it is more commonly pronounced "Yakka". In the house where the yucca is kept, the atmosphere becomes cozy, conducive to trust and mutual understanding. Yucca has a beneficial effect on the human psyche, strengthens the nervous system, instills in a person more confidence in making decisions.
Content of the video about Yucca. Yucca in the interior, choosing a place for a plant. Description of the yucca species. What is made of this plant. Yucca elephant care.