Saintpaulia (Latin Saintpaulia) is a herbaceous plant of the Gesneriev family, a relative of gloxinia. It has nothing to do with the European violet. Homeland: Tropics of East Africa. This gentle, heat-loving, fluffy bush is considered the most popular among indoor plants.
Saintpaulia flowers are small, only 2-4 cm in diameter, but very bright and fabulously beautiful. Graceful heart-shaped leaves with wavy edges.
Saintpaulia Names: violet, usambara violet
The usual sizes in culture are 12-15 cm in diameter, 10 cm in height. The maximum size in diameter is up to 60 cm. With proper care, it pleases with its abundant flowering almost all year round.
Popular varieties of violets:
Rob's Dust Storm - features large pink flowers, strewn with splashes of blue fantasy and dark green toothy leaves. With the help of a few bushes of this charming plant, you can create a real blooming oasis on your windowsill.
Classic Rock - early bloom and fast growing. The flowers are medium sized lavender. It is popular among flower growers for its unpretentiousness and chic appearance.
Pat Shampagne - delicate dark blue flowers with a thin border will impress fans of miniature plants. Oval-shaped leaves also surprise with their bright outfit.
Rob's Love Bite - bright dark red or crimson flowers flaunt on a strong, medium-long peduncle. The flowering period is about two weeks. Leaves are green with a red tint on the seamy side.
You can buy Saintpaulias (violets) in our store
If you decide to settle this amazingly delicate and elegant flower at home, be sure to take an interest in the features of its content. It is not difficult to remember which Saintpaulia prefers, care consists in creating sufficient lighting, optimal temperature and suitable soil for plant development.
Among the wide variety, there is bound to be a violet that will captivate you with its natural charm and unique chic. Tiny flowers will add warmth and comfort, bring mood and transform the look of your room.
Lighting. Saintpaulias do not like direct sunlight, especially varieties with delicate green leaves. If there is too much light, the leaves of Saintpaulia begin to turn yellow and curl. The best option is a window sill with a window to the east side. The length of daylight is also important, so in winter the violets need to be moved closer to the window, it is advisable to organize additional lighting.
Temperature. Violets do not need any special temperature regime. The optimum temperature range is from 17 to 24 ° C. In summer, it is desirable that the temperature does not rise above 30 ° C, and in winter it does not fall below 12 ° C. Protect sensitive plants from drafts.
Air humidity. Saintpaulias need high humidity. Therefore, violets feel good in the kitchen. But the plants cannot be sprayed. To increase the humidity, you can use either wet sand near the pots, or wet expanded clay, sphagnum moss.
Watering. Saintpaulias are demanding on the purity of the water used for irrigation. In ecologically clean areas, it is ideal to use rain or melt water heated to room temperature. Tap water must be allowed to stand for at least a day; filtered water is also suitable. Do not let water get on the leaves of the violets. Watering is best done when the topsoil dries out by 1-3 cm.
Top dressing. It is important not to overfeed the violets, otherwise the leaves will begin to turn yellow and fall off. If most plants are fed once every two weeks, then Saintpaulia - no more than 1 time per month. Use organic and mineral fertilizers, the best effect will be if you alternate them with each other. You can also find special fertilizers for violets at the flower shop. It is advisable to dilute fertilizers in more water than indicated on the package.
After transplanting, it is not recommended to fertilize immediately, it is better to pause for at least two months.
Transfer. Saintpaulias grow better in loose, fluffy soil, so it is very desirable to add perlite or vermiculite to the substrate together with peat. It is best to use a special violet primer.
The size of the pot also matters; for violets it is better to select small pots, about a third of the diameter of the rosette. Plants need to be transplanted every 1-2 years, first make good drainage to avoid stagnation of water in the pot. The best time to transplant, like most other plants, is spring-summer.
Trimming and shaping. Violets do not need pruning, only the removal of wilted leaves and flowers.
Bloom. Uzambara violets bloom all year round, but mainly in summer. Flowers come in a variety of shades, shapes and sizes. The unusually beautiful flowers contain a useful substance - essential oil, which is used to treat eczema, cough, and hives.
For a more intense flowering, it is advisable to remove the lateral shoots on the main stem of the plant, the so-called stepchildren. Inspect the plant regularly, as soon as you notice side shoots on the stem, immediately remove. Thanks to your control, the flower will always look attractive, not lose its decorative effect, grow well and bloom violently.
Reproduction. The most common breeding method for Saintpaulias is by propagating by single leaves (leafy cuttings).
Before planting, the cutting is dried for 2-3 hours, then the end of the cutting is placed in a bottle of water to a depth of 2-3 cm. It is possible to use a substrate consisting of a mixture of peat and sand instead of water.
After 2-3 weeks, roots about 1 cm long appear. The rooted cuttings are transplanted into small pots or plastic cups so that the roots are not deeply buried in the ground. The substrate for the first transplant should be loose and crumbly with the addition of charcoal.
Reproduction by side rosettes and seeds is also practiced.
Diseases and pests. Most often, the violet suffers from the attack of such pests: worms, aphids, ticks. Sockets may also rot, powdery mildew or a fungal disease - late blight may appear.
If the flower is infected with pests, treat the leaves with a special preparation and place them in a separate room for a while so that nearby growing plants do not become infected.
To prevent infectious and fungal diseases, do not expose the plant to open sunlight, keep it away from drafts and cold, create the necessary air humidity and ensure timely watering.
These diseases and unpleasant consequences can be avoided if you do not violate the rules for keeping indoor violets.
Flowers in winter. In winter, when there is insufficient light, the plants are placed closer to the window.
The temperature should not fall below 12 ° C. Sunlight reflections off the snow can cause burns on the leaves. Remove the flower from the windowsill, it is better to place a flowerpot with a charming bush on a table near the window. Drizzle with slightly warmed water. In cloudy weather in the room where the violet grows, use additional artificial lighting.
Interesting Facts. The velvety flower has long been considered by many peoples an indispensable attribute of the holidays. The ancient Greeks decorated their homes with decorative violet flowers. The French presented the golden Saintpaulia to the winner of the Toulouse poetry tournaments. For Christians, the violet is a symbol of modesty, loyalty, constancy and beauty.
Delicate Saintpaulia, the care of which is not as difficult as it seems at first glance, has gradually turned into a popular houseplant. The fabulous beauty of these flowers fills the room with light and joy.
VIDEO: UZAMBAR VIOLET
Content of the video: Types of violets. Why is it called both the Usambara violet and the Saintpaulia. How to care for a violet: watering mode, lighting, humidity, lighting. How to transplant violets correctly.
PHOTO UZAMBAR VIOLET