Philodendron (Latin Philodéndron) is an evergreen, perennial plant from the Aroid family (Araceae). More than 800 species are known. Homeland - tropical forests of Central and South America, also grows in Australia, Mexico.
Translated from ancient Greek, the name of a flower is translated as: "I love a tree." In appearance, it resembles Monstera.
For the most part, these are epiphytes, attached to a support, most often to a tree trunk, with their aerial roots, suckers, therefore they are popularly called climbing plants.
However, there are semi-epiphytes and even hemi-epiphytes among philodendrons. Stems are fleshy, woody closer to the base. The leaves are large, of various shapes, often oval or arrow-shaped. A characteristic feature of the plant: the dissimilarity of the shape of the leaves of the same plant, often young leaves differ from adults.
The color of the foliage depends on the habitat, the lower part of the leaf plate is always lighter than the upper one. The length of the leaf plate ranges from 10 cm to 2 m and the width can reach 90 cm, it depends on the species. The inflorescence is a cylindrical ear, covered with a two-color veil similar to a hood. The fruit is white berries, sometimes yellow, greenish in some species.
Other names for the philodendron: leaf tree, friend of the tree, monstera deliciosa.
Philodendron - popular varieties:
Philodendron xanadu is a terrestrial species native to Brazil. In indoor conditions, it rarely blooms, its advantage is large rounded leaves up to 40 cm and a beautiful trunk. I am ready to put up with a lack of lighting and humidity. But in order to get beautiful adult leaves, you need to follow the rules of care and watering.
Ivy philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum) is a semi-epiphyte popular among flower growers. The foliage is velvety, leathery and glossy, elongated in green color or with a reddish tint.
Philodendron elegans - originally from Colombia, has a liana-shaped stem, a deeply cut leaf, reaches 55 cm. Recently grown and adult leaves are similar in shape, differ in size and depth of cut. Usually unpretentious, grows in a light substrate.
Philodendron reddening (Philodendron erubescens) - the leaves are elongated, pointed to the edge of the form, about 40 cm long. The upper part of the leaf is green, the lower - with a red tint. Loves shading and responds well to spraying.
You can buy Philodendron in our store
Useful properties of the philodendron. It belongs to poisonous plants, its stems, leaves and roots contain calcium oxalate. Getting on the skin or inside, it causes an allergic reaction: burning sensation, sore throat and swelling of the mucous membranes. In medicine, this plant is used to produce an antiseptic.
Philodendron is suitable for growing in greenhouses, for decorating a winter garden, spacious als, but more and more often you can see this graceful perennial in city apartments. Creeping species are used to decorate vertical surfaces or as an ampelous plant in hanging flowerpots.
For the house, you need to select slowly growing species, with small leaves, since the overgrown foliage of large plants will take up a lot of space. Due to the abundance of species and forms, it is very easy to find a philodendron that is perfect for your interior.
A gorgeous flower does not require increased attention to itself, you do not have to spend a lot of time and effort creating comfortable conditions for it. The tropical beauty is quite easy to care for, the main thing is to provide high humidity. It will decorate and breathe freshness into your home with its presence.
Lighting. Loves diffused light, can easily adapt to partial shade. The best place for a flowerpot is the northeast or northwest window sill. Direct sunlight can harm the delicate leaves of the vine. It grows well and actively develops even under artificial lighting.
Temperature. In summer, keep the temperature around 22-25 ° C, in winter at least 16-17 ° C.
Air humidity. In the summer, it is advisable to spray 2-3 times a week. With the arrival of winter cold weather, protect the plant from nearby heating radiators. It is preferable for not large plants to arrange a cool shower, it will not only refresh the plant, but also wash away the dust from its leaves.
Watering. From spring to autumn, water at least twice a week with room-separated water. In winter - once every 8-10 days. Monitor the soil, it should remain moderately moist between waterings. Overdrying an earthen coma is always stressful for a tropical plant. For a short time, the philodendron will still withstand dry soil, but this will adversely affect its appearance.
Top dressing. Brought in twice a month in the spring and summer. Special complex fertilizers are suitable for ornamental deciduous plants.
Transfer. Young plants are transplanted in spring before active growth begins. Adults, every two to three years. You can limit yourself to replacing the topsoil, since the transplantation of overgrown dense thickets of a large specimen is a rather laborious process. The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic, acidity pH 5.5-7, light. Use a versatile deciduous plant mix. Choose a spacious pot; be sure to install good drainage on the bottom.
Trimming and shaping. Usually responds well to pruning. To maintain the philodendron at the desired size, excess shoots must be removed in the spring. It will bush more if you pinch the growing top of the plant.
Bloom. Philodendron is prized for its elegant original foliage. At home, it blooms quite rarely.
Reproduction. Propagated by apical, stem cuttings, the easiest way is by air layers. To do this, the shoot of a climbing philodendron must be laid and slightly buried in a moist peat substrate. After a month, the rooted cuttings can be detached from the mother plant.
For rooting by cuttings, cuttings about 10 cm long with aerial roots are best suited. Rooted in pots, at the bottom of which drainage is installed, then a layer of peat earth, on top of 5 cm of sand. To create the necessary humidity, cover with a glass jar on top. After root formation, the plant is transplanted into separate flowerpots.
Diseases and pests. It is affected by spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs. You can get rid of the invasion of parasites with the help of a soapy solution, wiping the leaves with a damp sponge or cotton pad. If this does not help, you need to treat the plant with a special preparation "Karbofos".
If the leaves begin to fall, then the air in the room is too dry, start spraying the plant. The pale color of the leaves indicates an excess of light. Brown spots on the leaves can appear from sunburn. Noticing the signs of the disease in time, and taking action, you can restore the health of the green pet without problems.
Philodendron in winter. In winter, watering is significantly reduced, but in no case stops. The air temperature must be at least 16 ° C.
Interesting Facts. Some types of philodendron have a unique feature - they warn of changes in the weather. On the eve of rain, drops of water appear on its leaves.