Orange or Orange tree (lat. Citrus sinensis) is an evergreen tree of the Rutov family, originally from China. These beautiful trees were grown in China as early as 200 BC.
The Portuguese brought the orange tree to Europe in the 15th century, and at first only aristocrats could taste the sweet fruits. Orange came to Russia only in the 17th century and became an exquisite delicacy of the nobles.
Orange fruits contain a whole range of vitamins. Orange juice is recommended for the treatment of hypovitaminosis, vascular diseases, liver, metabolic disorders. These citrus fruits contain special substances, pectins, which improve the functioning of the large intestine and the digestive process in general.
Indoor oranges are small evergreen trees. Adult plants reach a height of 1-2 m. They bloom with fragrant white flowers. Indoor oranges usually start fruiting at the age of 3-5, depending on the variety.
Indoor orange - popular varieties:
Pavlovsky orange: decorative undersized variety, up to 1m high. The fruits ripen within 7-9 months. Propagated in March by cuttings.
Gamlin: medium-sized, early-maturing variety. The height of an adult plant rarely exceeds 1.5 m. Fruits have juicy pulp, few seeds, and taste sweet and sour. Ripen in late autumn.
Washington Navel Orange: Early maturing, medium-sized, most common in indoor gardening. The height of an adult tree reaches 1-2 m. It blooms in spring with white fragrant flowers at 3-4 years of age. Fruits are juicy, sweet and sour, weighing up to 200-300 g. Propagated by cuttings.
You can buy indoor orange and Washington Navel seedlings in our store
Lighting: Orange is a light-loving plant. The optimal place for growing is near the southern and eastern windows. In order to avoid burns on the leaves in especially hot weather, it is better to shade the tree. For uniform development of the crown, wrap the pot with the plant around its axis. Sunlight for the orange tree is especially important during the ripening of the fruit, with a lack of light, the fruits become less sweet.
In the summer, it is advisable to take the orange tree out into the open air: a balcony, a terrace, a garden. Fresh air will give strength to your pet.
Temperature: For budding and flowering of the plant, it is optimal to maintain the temperature at 15-18 ° C. At a higher temperature (about 25-28 ° C), this thermophilic tree begins to grow intensively. Indoor orange does not tolerate cold, so make sure that the temperature of the content does not fall below 5 ° C.
Air humidity: To make your tree feel comfortable, you need to spray it periodically (at least once a day). Humidity is especially relevant for plants in rooms with dry air.
Watering: In the spring and summer, the orange should be watered abundantly. The plant does not tolerate dryness of the soil. In the fall, watering is reduced from 1 time per day to 2 times a week.
Top dressing: Fertilize the orange in the spring with ready-made fertilizers for citrus fruits or chicken droppings diluted in water (1 in 20) and infused for a week.
Transfer: Better to do it by transfer method, i.e. remove the plant from the pot with an earthen lump and place it in a larger pot, adding the required amount of soil. It is not recommended to replant the orange tree during flowering or fruiting. Therefore, you need to do this in the spring, before the start of the growing season.
Transplanting fruiting oranges is carried out no more than 1 time in 2-3 years. The soil for transplantation is prepared from a mixture of sod, leafy soil, humus, sand in a 2: 1: 1: 1 ratio for young seedlings and in a 3: 1: 1: 1 ratio for adult plants.
Important: Provide the plant with good drainage.
Trimming and shaping. You need to cut off the branches growing inside the crown, which thicken it. It is also necessary to cut off weak and strongly elongated shoots. On the branches of the first order, a couple of branches of the second order are left, on the branches of the second - three to five branches of the third. On the branches of the fourth order, orange fruits are usually formed.
Blooming orange tree. The fragrant scent will immediately remind you of the presence of the orange tree. Orange blooms with white fragrant flowers, usually in summer, sometimes flower buds are tied at other times of the year.
Fruiting: Orange begins to bear fruit at 3-4 years of age. In order for the plant to feel comfortable and have the strength for development and fruiting, it is necessary to cut off about half of the buds. When the orange first blooms, leave 3-4 ovaries. In older plants (4-6 years old), 5-7 ovaries can be left.
Propagation: Oranges are usually propagated by cuttings, seeds and grafting. But if you want to get juicy fruits with a rich taste, then it is better to buy an indoor orange seedling in a specialized store. The fact is that an orange grown from a seed begins to bear fruit after about 15 years, and the cuttings are difficult to root.
Diseases and pests. The orange tree is most commonly affected by scale insects and spider mites.
A good remedy against scale insects will be rubbing the leaves and branches with a cotton swab dipped in an emulsion: 2 tbsp. tablespoons of washing powder, 40 g of laundry soap, diluted in 1 glass of water. After 3-4 hours after wiping, wash off the composition from the tree, making sure that the water with the emulsion does not get into the soil. Repeat the treatment 2 more times within 2 weeks.
Soap suds help against spider mites. Treat the leaves and branches of the plant once a month. After processing (when the tree dries up), wash off the foam in the shower, after covering the ground with a plastic bag.
Indoor orange in winter. In the autumn-winter period, limit watering, remove the plant away from heating appliances. If the plant is dormant, then the temperature should be kept at 10-12 ° C.
Interesting facts about orange: In the Middle Ages, orange peel was used to cure fever, orange juice served as a remedy for scurvy, oranges were used for intestinal and kidney diseases.
PHOTO ROOM ORANGE