Guzmania (lat. Guzmania) is a genus of evergreen herbaceous plants of the Bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae). Native to the West Indies and southwestern regions of South America. These plants are epiphytes, i.e. grow on the branches of other plants.
The main advantage of this tropical plant is its long flowering period.
Other names: Guzmania, Guzmania Linculata.
Guzmania are easy to grow and care for. Looks great next to other indoor plants. The maximum plant height is 70-80 cm with a flower, the diameter is 25 cm. Long leaves form a funnel-shaped outlandish rosette, from the center of which an unusual inflorescence similar to a cone originates. Bright flowers of red, burgundy, less often pink shades attract attention, creating a contrast with green leaves.
Popular varieties of gusmania:
Red guzmania (Guzmania sanguinea) - a goblet rosette of leaves, allows the plant to accumulate moisture, the peduncle is undeveloped, the diameter of the leaves is up to 30 cm, flowering: April-August. During the flowering period, the leaves around the inflorescence acquire a rich purple hue.
Gusmania musaica or mosaic (Guzmania musaica) - looks impressive thanks to the pointed, numerous leaves, collected in chic, tight rosettes. The color of the flowers is white, yellow or pink. Straight peduncle, length of leaves 70 cm, flowering: June-September.
Guzmania lingulata Mez. Is the most common representative in home floriculture among its congeners. A small plant, the average height is 20 cm. Decorated with a dense rosette of whole-edged, green leaves, the upper leaves are orange or red. Blooms in dense, bluish-white or yellowish flowers.
Useful properties: Guzmania reduces the amount of formaldehyde in the air.
Purchase and selection of plants. When buying, choose guzmania with fresh leaves, their tips should not be dry. Also pay attention to the condition of the bracts and root system, which are very susceptible to damage.
Guzmania is an exquisite, decorative decoration for an apartment or office, which will not cause much trouble. A charming representative of bromeliads does not require increased attention to herself, it is enough just to remember the basic rules of its content.
Protect your pet from drafts, she does not tolerate dust and sudden changes in air temperature. The flower will feel best in a shaded place; diffused light suits it without direct sunlight. Settle an exotic beauty near the windows that face the west or east side.
Lighting. Gusmania is a light-loving plant. Prefers diffused light from east and west windows. Requires shading from direct sunlight, intense exposure to which can lead to burns on the surface of the leaves, which is expressed by brown spots and drying.
Temperature. Maintaining the temperature regime for guzmania is not difficult. Spring-summer temperature is 20-25C, in winter it is optimal - 15-20C. The main thing is to prevent hypothermia of the flower, this can cause illness and negatively affect flowering.
Air humidity. Plants prefer high humidity. In dry rooms, regular spraying is especially important. The frequency of spraying depends on the room temperature, the hotter the air, the more often it needs to be humidified. To increase the humidity, guzmania can be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay or sand (the bottom of the pot should not touch expanded clay).
Watering. Guzmania is watered both into a pot of soil and into an outlet. It is necessary to water the soil carefully, in small portions of water, in order to prevent root rot. In the spring and summer, a little water should remain in the outlet. Once every one and a half to two months, this water needs to be changed to fresh.
Top dressing. It is possible to fertilize once every 1-2 months with a universal fertilizer for bromeliads or flowering houseplants. Fertilizer is highly diluted (4 p. More than indicated on the label) and poured into an outlet. The feeding period is from May to September. To extend the flowering period, fertilizer should be applied every ten days at this time.
Transfer. An adult gusmania is transplanted in the spring and summer every 3 years. Young plants (babies) are planted after separation from the mother plant. The pot is taken wide and shallow, since the gusmania has small roots. The soil is peat in half with sod land, with the addition of sphagnum, perlite, charcoal and pieces of bark, or special soil for bromeliads. In any case, it should be loose. Remember that the plant has a fragile root system, you need to be very careful not to damage it.
Trimming and shaping. Guzmania does not need pruning. After the end of flowering, the children are carefully separated and planted in separate flowerpots, after a couple of years they will delight with their bright flowering.
Bloom. The flowering period begins after 3-5 years of life, usually in the spring-summer period, depending on the variety. This amazingly beautiful stage lasts for quite a long time, for several months. Admiration is caused not so much by the flowers as by the brightly colored bracts of the plant, colored in red, purple or yellow. After flowering, young offspring appear, and the mother plant ends its life cycle. Children may not appear if the peduncle is not cut off.
Reproduction. Guzmania is propagated by seeds, but more often by lateral layers (offspring, children), which appear after the flowering of the mother plant. Separate babies only after making sure they have their own roots. The seeds are sown in a mixture of peat and sand. Young offspring grow in a pot until they take root well. Then they are planted in pots with a loose substrate (peat or transplant substrate).
Diseases and pests. When overflowing, the plant can get sick with fungus or root rot. In this case, reduce the watering of the soil, add water only to the leaf outlet.
Also, gusmania is susceptible to attack by the scale insect, mealybug, spider mite. To help a tropical beauty, treat her leaves with soapy water or spray with a special pest repellent.
White limescale may also appear on the plant, this happens as a result of spraying and watering with too hard water. Use only purified, well-settled or rainwater for this purpose.
Plant in winter. Do not overmoisten the plant or overcool it. The minimum temperature in winter is 15C. Watering should be reduced, watered only after the soil has dried, and place the flowerpot in a bright room or use fluorescent lamps as additional lighting.
Interesting Facts. The colorful, original flower owes its name to the famous Spanish biologist Anastasio Guzman. This representative of the genus Bromeylaceae was first described in 1802. Many collectors and amateur flower growers appreciate this amazing plant for its unpretentious nature and charming beauty. Previously, guzmania could only be found in tropical greenhouses. In indoor culture, an outlandish flower with a chic rosette of long leaves and an amazing inflorescence appeared in the early 19th century.