Echeveria (lat. Echeveria) is a perennial herb from the Tolstyanka family. Native to Mexico, sometimes found in the arid regions of Central and South America. More than 200 species are known.
Better known among the people as a stone rose, it really looks very much like a rose, only without thorns and with smooth, ideal leaves, as if carved out of stone.
They are stemless or short-stemmed plants. Leaves are fleshy, arranged spirally, oval, less often flat, covered with a thin waxy film or light pubescence. The thin shell helps to retain moisture and nutrients useful for the plant, as well as protect against aggressive sunlight.
During the flowering period, a long peduncle appears, on which bright, attractive fiery red or orange flowers resembling bells are attached.
Other names: Stone flower, Stone rose, Green rose.
Echeveria - popular types:
Echeveria agave (Echeveria agavoides) - differs in bush-like shape, without a stem. Leaves are light green in color, with a red-yellow tint around the edges. It blooms with yellow-red flowers, collected in inflorescences.
Echeveria white-haired (Echeveria leucotricha) is a shrub with lanceolate leaves, which are densely pubescent and reach 12-15 cm in diameter. Bright red flowering occurs in early spring.
Echeveria brilliant (Echeveria fulgens) is a low-branched succulent shrub. Shoots are thick, short, spatulate leaves about 10 cm long and 5 cm wide, collected in a rosette.
Echeveria elegans Rose is an ornamental plant, about 10-15 cm high, and is very popular among flower growers. Pale green leaves are collected in tight rosettes. In spring, pink flowers with a yellowish tint are formed on thin peduncles.
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Light-loving echeveria will be a great addition to the interior. The plant is unpretentious, even a novice florist can cope with leaving.
Beautiful shape, rich breadth of shades, original flowering and the ability to quickly adapt to the conditions of a city apartment are the main advantages of a stone rose. Providing the plant with proper lighting and protecting it from drafts is the only main condition that must be met for the successful growth and development of Echeveria.
Suitable for interior decoration in a company with other succulents and stones.
Lighting. Loves bright sunlight, should be kept on the sill of the southeast or southwest window. On the north side of the apartment, the plant will lose its decorative effect and slow down its growth.
The natural shell on the leaves reliably protects the stone rose from sunburn, the stronger the sunlight, the thicker the protection becomes. For the summer period, you can take out a flowerpot with a flower on a balcony or veranda with a shelter from the rain.
Temperature. In the wild, a stone rose can easily withstand air temperatures above 40 ° C. In room conditions, it feels more comfortable at 22-27 ° C in summer, and in winter it is desirable to create cooler conditions around 10-15 ° C.
Air humidity. It tolerates dry air in a city apartment or office. It does not need additional spraying and air humidification.
Watering. Echeveria is not afraid of drought, so let the soil dry well between waterings. But regularly inspect the plant, if the leaves become lethargic or wrinkled, it means that it lacks moisture.
Watering is done very carefully so as not to damage the wax coating. Better to use bottom irrigation (through the pallet). The remaining water must be drained, since excess moisture can provoke rotting of the root system.
Top dressing. Once a month, liquid fertilizers intended for cacti and succulents should be applied during watering. For the winter, feeding is stopped, an excess of nutrients can negatively affect the development of the plant.
Transfer. Young plants are transplanted once a year - in spring, adults - as needed. The soil is suitable for the store, for succulents.
The pot needs to be wide, not too deep, and a good drainage layer must be installed on the bottom. Also, the stone rose can be grown hydroponically.
It is necessary to very carefully transplant, trying not to touch the leaves, so as not to damage their delicate protection.
Trimming and shaping. Doesn't need shaping. Pruning is done only when the top of the flower is too long. Cover the cut with crushed charcoal, after a while the children will appear from the internodes.
Bloom. Yellow, reddish, orange flowers adorn an already attractive plant in spring or summer. Bell-shaped flowers rise on a long peduncle. The flowering period lasts about three weeks.
For a favorable setting of peduncles, it is recommended to keep the flower at a temperature not higher than 15 ° C for 1.5 months in winter, and also to provide a 12-hour daylight hours using artificial lighting lamps.
Reproduction. Several methods of propagation are used: by seeds, stem or leaf cuttings.
The most convenient method that is used at home is to separate the daughter outlets (stem cuttings). Carefully cutting off the root or apical rosette, you need to let it dry for 4-5 hours, treat the cuts with charcoal. Then they are planted in a separately prepared container with sand and compost soil.
If the temperature is maintained at 22-25 ° C, rooting takes place in a short time, after 2-3 weeks. After that, young plants are planted in separate small bowls.
Diseases and pests. The plant rarely gets sick and is resistant to pests. Sometimes mealybugs harm the flower. In this case, it is necessary to carry out treatment with insecticidal preparations once a week, until the parasites disappear completely.
Echeveria in winter. For the cold season, place the stone rose in a cool room, the optimum temperature is 12-15 ° C and install artificial lighting lamps to extend the daylight hours. Reduce watering significantly.
Interesting Facts. The stone rose gets its name from the Mexican artist Atanasio Echeveria, who painted it for the botanical reference.
PHOTO ECHEVERIA, STONE ROSE