Chlorophytum (Latin Chlorophytum) is a genus of herbaceous plants, the Agave family. Homeland: subtropics and tropics of South Africa, Australia, South America, South Asia, Madagascar.
It releases useful phytoncides, cleans the air from harmful impurities. Unpretentious, disease resistant and beautiful plant. This is a great option for novice florists. A non-capricious plant fits into almost any interior. Most often it is hung on the walls in elegant pots.
This plant blooms with very beautiful flowers that look like lilies.
Popular types of chlorophytum:
Chlorophytum crested (Chlorophytum comosum) - the shortened stem of the plant is decorated with arcuate curved light green leaves, they come with white stripes along the edges or with longitudinal yellow stripes, which are collected in a bunch at the base. From the middle of the bundle hang long shoots with small flowers that look like stars. In their place, after flowering, a rosette of leaves is formed, with several thick, succulent roots, these are the so-called "babies" of the plant, which can later be rooted.
Cape chlorophytum (Chlorophytum capense) is a perennial plant, much larger than crested chlorophytum with linear wide leaves, which are narrowed to the base and apex and are collected at the very root in a tight rosette. Small white flowers are collected in clusters and placed in the leaf axils.
Winged chlorophytum (Chlorophytum amaniense) - its petioles are pink, sometimes bright orange. The dark green leaves of the plant are broadly oval, lanceolate. The most beautiful varieties of winged chlorophytum: "Green Orange", "Fire Flash".
The plant has the property of adapting well to home conditions, but one should not forget about its need for timely watering and air humidity.
Chlorophytum is quite hardy, in case of worsening conditions and past diseases, it quickly recovers. Due to its decorative appearance, it is a welcome guest in any home.
Looks nice as a single plant in a spacious room, it can also be placed next to other flowers. If necessary, it can do without water for a long time, feeding on the reserves of moisture accumulated in the succulent roots.
Lighting. For chlorophytum, a location with bright but diffused light, such as near a west or east window, is best. Too bright sun can dry out the soil and cause leaves to lose their original saturated shade. Penumbra contributes to the disappearance of stripes on the leaves, so it is not recommended to push the plant deep into the room. Plants located on the south window should be shaded from the direct sun. To maintain vitality and beauty, chlorophytum needs only a couple of hours a day to be in direct sunlight.
Temperature. The optimum temperature for crested chlorophytum is 15-25 ° C. In winter, the temperature should not drop below 10 ° C. Temperature extremes are tolerable, however, the appearance suffers. You should not place the flower near an uninsulated window; cold drafts harm it.
Air humidity. Chlorophytum normally tolerates an increase in humidity and some dryness of the air. The plant benefits from regular spraying, especially on hot summer days and when the central heating is on.
Sometimes you can give the plant a shower, as well as peel the leaves. Attention, the leaves of chlorophytum are quite brittle and fragile.
Watering. Watering in summer is quite abundant and frequent, 2 times a week. In winter, watering is reduced by half. Overdrying a plant is not as dangerous as overflowing it, since chlorophytum stores a certain amount of water in the roots. This moisture-loving plant needs to be sprayed. It is also recommended to periodically rinse the leaves from dirt and dust.
Top dressing. To provide the plant with the necessary nutrition and the required diet of nutrients, in the spring-summer period, chlorophytum is fed with complex mineral fertilizers 1 time in 2 weeks. Feeding is especially important during the period of flower growth and when "babies" are formed.
In winter, during the dormant period, it is not recommended to fertilize chlorophytum.
Transfer. Young chlorophytum plants are transplanted annually, since its roots grow rather quickly and fill the entire volume of the pot.
Older plants need replanting once every 2-3 years, when the roots begin to protrude from the pot. Chlorophytum needs good drainage.
Before proceeding with the transplant, you need to loosen the soil so that, while removing the plant, it does not damage the root system. After taking the flower out of the pot, straighten the chlorophytum roots a little and remove the excess soil. Water well after transplanting.
The best time to transplant chlorophytum is February-March.
Trimming and shaping. If necessary, cut off damaged leaves. Pruning is also done when the plant needs to be shaped. If this is not done, the flower grows strongly.
Bloom. Chlorophytum blooms with small white flowers. On the peduncle (thin elastic stem) after flowering, rosettes of leaves with aerial roots, "babies", are formed that can be rooted.
The flowering period of chlorophytum is from March to September, although flowers may appear in October. If an adult plant does not bloom for a long time, it is worth transplanting it into a wider flowerpot, perhaps its roots have become cramped.
Chlorophytum belongs to decorative deciduous plants, it is valued not for flowers, but for its beautiful leaves.
Reproduction. Chlorophytum reproduces in two ways: by rooting of daughter rosettes ("babies" on the peduncle), dividing the bush into parts during planting and transplanting. The seating procedure can be carried out at any time of the year.
For rooting, cut rosettes are placed in water or immediately planted in a loose substrate. If the roots are too weak, let them stand in the water for a couple of days to grow a little, and then plant them.
Dividing the bush and planting in different pots is used for an adult plant that has reached 3-4 years of age. Before planting, water the flower well, after a couple of hours you can remove the plant and use a sharp knife to separate the roots. Try not to damage the plant or destroy the earthy clod on the roots. Then, remove any dried or rotted root parts and plant the plant parts in pre-prepared spacious pots.
Diseases and pests. Rarely exposed to diseases, but aphids, worms or spider mites can settle on a weakened plant.
For prevention purposes, maintain sufficient air humidity in the room, remove old, fallen leaves in a timely manner and remove faded flowers. Periodically wipe the chlorophytum leaves with a damp sponge, removing the accumulated dust and dirt from the leaves, allowing the leaves to freely receive the oxygen necessary for life.
Plants in winter. The optimum temperature in winter is 12-20 ° C. Don't overheat the plant, please.
In winter, chlorophytum does not need feeding. Watering during the cold season should be reduced and the plant should be protected from drafts. If the flower is near a battery, do not forget to spray the plant from time to time.
Useful properties of chlorophytum: The plant effectively cleans the air from formaldehyde and carbon monoxide. Four to five chlorophytum bushes in the kitchen will add to your health.
Chlorophytum also absorbs other harmful substances from the air: chloroethylene, nitrogen oxides, benzene, heavy metals.
It releases phytoncides that cleanse the room from microbes.
Interesting facts: This graceful plant, in addition to purifying the air from harmful bacteria, has the ability to neutralize harmful radiation from the computer. Therefore, it can often be found in places with a large concentration of computers: offices, computer clubs.
It is also recommended to place the flower in children's rooms, schools, clinics, as this hypoallergenic plant relieves the condition with various allergic symptoms.
PHOTO OF CHLOROPHYTUM (Chlorophytum)