Begonia (lat. Begonia) is one of the most beautiful plants of the Begonia family. The genus includes more than 800 species that grow in the tropics and subtropics of Southeast Asia, Africa, on the island of Madagascar. The size of these herbaceous plants varies from 5-10 centimeters to 2-3 meters.
Under natural conditions, begonias grow in crevices of rocks, on the roots of old trees.
Of the garden forms of begonias, the most widespread Begonia is ever-flowering, unpretentious in cultivation, blooms from early summer to late autumn. In addition, it can be transplanted into a pot for the winter and grown as a houseplant.
Indoor species are both decorative deciduous, which are valued for the color and shape of the leaves, and decorative blooming, delighting with the abundance and beauty of flowers.
Popular types of blooming begonias:
a) Ever-flowering begonia (Begonia semperflorens) is a small plant with rounded light green leaves. White, pink or red flowers grow in a panicle shape. Leaves are green, about 5-6 cm long. This kind of begonias blooms almost all year round.
b) Coral begonia (Begonia corallina) is a rather large plant with leaves 10-15 cm long. The flowers are bright pink, with white specks on the leaves.
c) Bright red begonia (Begonia coccinea) is also a large plant. The leaves are smooth, shiny, ovoid. Bright red inflorescences grow in the form of a panicle.
a) Begonia Lorrain - pot culture of hybrids. The height of the bushes is no more than half a meter. Dark green, rounded leaves, wavy along the edge, 8-10 cm long. Flowers are white, pink or red. Tuberous begonia
b) Begonia Elatior - pot culture of hybrids. It grows in the form of a bush, up to 30-35 cm high. The fox is green, jagged along the edge, the flowers are quite large - 4-5 cm of various colors.
Popular types of decorative leafy begonias:
a) Tiger begonia (Begonia tiger) is a small bushy plant, 20-25 cm high. The leaves are small, dark green with light spots.
b) Royal begonia (Begonia rex) is the most popular among the decorative leafy begonias. Leaves are multi-colored - from red to dark green, 25-30 cm long. Flowers are small.
You can buy blooming begonias in our store
For good development, the plant needs proper care. Begonia is not capricious, but there are a number of recommendations that will help maintain its beautiful appearance. The main thing is to provide sufficient humidity and moderate air temperature.
This elegant, showy flower with decorative flowers and original leaves looks great in the interior of residential buildings. Among the varieties of varieties and forms of begonias, there is sure to be one that is ideal for decorating your apartment.
Lighting. Begonias need bright lighting, especially flowering ones. In summer, shade your plants from direct sunlight, otherwise burns may appear on the leaves. Ornamental leafy begonias prefer diffused light. They can be placed near west or east windows.
Temperature. For a beautiful green guest, you don't have to create a special temperature regime. In summer, the most optimal temperature for begonias is 20-22 ° C. In winter - not lower than 15-18 ° С. Such conditions are not difficult to maintain, since this is the usual room temperature.
Air humidity. Begonias prefer high humidity, but it is not recommended to spray them. Drops of water falling on the leaves provoke the appearance of brown spots. To prevent your plant from suffering from dry air, place the pot on an inverted tray. Place this structure in a wider pallet, pour expanded clay (or moss) around the circumference and wet it periodically. The water evaporates to provide the begonias with sufficient moisture.
Watering. Water the plant abundantly in summer, but do not let the water stagnate in the pot or pan. Water with settled water when the topsoil dries out by 1-1.5 cm. In winter, watering flowering begonias is reduced. Tuberous begonias hibernate, so place them in dry peat and do not water until spring.
Top dressing. Starting from the moment of flowering, feed the plants with fertilizer for flowering houseplants once every 2 weeks. Fertilizers, which include nitrogen, should only be used for decorative deciduous varieties, as they activate leaf growth, but inhibit flowering.
Transfer. Tuberous begonias are transplanted annually in spring, rhizome - when the plant becomes cramped in the old pot. The substrate is prepared from leaf, garden, peat soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. After transplanting, the plant is watered abundantly and placed in the shade for 3-5 days to adapt. For the plant to feel comfortable, the flowerpot should not be too tall, but wide enough. While the process of acclimatization to a new habitat lasts, which takes about a month, try to surround the begonias with increased attention.
Trimming and shaping. The begonia bush does not need to be formed, however, if the plant has lost its decorative effect, it can be cut to a height of 4-5 cm above the edge of the pot. This pruning awakens the lateral buds and stimulates new active growth.
For pruning, you need to use a sharp knife, since you can injure a delicate flower with scissors.
Flowering begonia. Usually begonias bloom in summer. Bushy begonias, in particular, ever-flowering begonia blooms continuously throughout the year. On tuberous begonias, flowers can appear in the fall, however, in order not to deplete the plant, the buds should be cut off. The attractiveness of flowers will delight longer with their lush, inimitable appearance, if you periodically add organic fertilizers to the water for irrigation.
Reproduction. Rhizome begonias are mainly propagated by seeds and cuttings. The division of the bush and propagation by rhizomes are quite common. Tuberous begonias are propagated by dividing the tuber. The best time for breeding is spring or early summer.
Diseases and pests. If begonia begins to shed buds or leaves, the cause is most likely in dry air or insufficient watering. Pale leaves signal a lack of light.
The plant can be affected by spider mites and aphids. Pests settle on the back of the leaf and feed on its juice. In this case, you need to spray or wash the lower part of the leaves with special preparations that can be purchased at a flower shop.
Plants in winter. The ever-flowering begonia has a mild resting period. Tuberous begonias need overwintering. After flowering, the tubers are either placed in peat or left in a pot and watering is drastically reduced. It is optimal to place a pot with tubers in the basement or in another cool place with a temperature of 10-15 ° C until spring.
Interesting Facts. During a scientific expedition to the West Indies, the French botanist Charles Plumier discovered new plant species that differed in appearance from the flowers known at that time. In 1690, the scientist named the begonia flower after his friend Michel Begon, the organizer of the expedition.
This amazingly beautiful flower, according to research by scientists, cleans the air of bacteria and a number of well-known molds, neutralizes dust.
It is also known that the population of the Himalayas use begonia as a seasoning for soups and broths.
The unique charm of begonia will fill your space with the breath of summer, add comfort and impress with the juicy, bright colors of its flowers.
PHOTO OF BEGONIA