Anthurium (Latin Anthurium) is a genus of evergreen plants of the Aroid family, or Aronnikovye (Araceae). Homeland: tropics and subtropics of America, islands of the Caribbean archipelago.
The name is translated from Greek as Flowertail - "anthos" - flower and "oura" - tail. Anthuriums are quite unpretentious in leaving, after stress they quickly recover. The height of indoor anthurium varieties reaches 60-90 cm.
Plant names: Anthurium, Flamingo flower.
Anthurium Andre (Anthurium andreanum) - the most popular variety, height up to 0.8 m. The stems are shortened, the color of the bract (cover or modified leaf) is pink, white, red. Flowers (tail emerging from the bracts) in the form of a white or cream cob. Flowering lasts about a month, when flowering, the bracts turn green.
Anthurium scherzerianum - Flamingo flower, the second most popular indoor variety. The name comes from the shape of the cob, similar to the neck of a flamingo. Plant height - up to 30 cm, the color of the bracts is red, yellow, pink, sometimes white.
Crystal Anthurium (Anthurium crystallinum) is a variety grown for its beautiful decorative velvety leaves. Shortened, thick trunk.
Anthurium climbing (Anturium scandens Engl). Green-leaved variety, climbing epiphyte, intended for cultivation on a support. Shade-tolerant, can be placed near northern windows.
Purchase and selection of plants. Choose a plant with hard, glossy leaves. It is desirable that a few buds be unopened.
Lighting. Blooming anthurium needs a dim diffused light. It is optimal to place the plant near the east and west windows. Anthurium does not tolerate direct sunlight - spots and dots appear on the leaves. Anthurium tolerates partial shade (ampelous varieties), however, with a lack of lighting, the leaves become shallow and turn yellow, and flowering may also stop.
Temperature. Anthurium is a thermophilic plant. Does not tolerate drafts and temperature changes. In summer, the optimum temperature is 20-26 ° C, in winter - at least 15 ° C. When the temperature drops below 12 ° C, anthurium begins to hurt.
Air humidity. Anthurium needs high humidity, especially varieties with beautiful leaves (Crystal Anthurium). To increase the humidity, the aerial roots of anthurium are wrapped in sphagnum moss and periodically sprayed both the moss and the plant. It is recommended to spray it 2 times a day. Do not spray on flowers to avoid staining them.
Watering. In the spring-summer period, anthurium is watered abundantly, the water is drained from the sump. The top layer of soil between waterings should dry out slightly, but in no case dry out. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced, about 1 time per week. The water must be soft, without lime, preferably from a filter.
Top dressing. From spring to autumn, anthurium is fed with a half dose of fertilizers for aroids once every 2-3 weeks. You can also use fertilizers for decorative flowering plants.
In the autumn-winter period, you can feed flowering plants once a month.
Transfer. Since anthurium has a shallow root system, the pot should be wide and shallow. At the first transplant (plants from the store), carefully remove the substrate from the roots, they are quite fragile. Place drainage on the bottom of the pot. The transplant substrate should be breathable and loose: 3 to 3 parts of a substrate based on high-moor peat and 1 part of sphagnum moss with the addition of pieces of bark. A substrate made from a mixture of leafy, coniferous soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 0.5 is also suitable. The aerial roots of anthurium are covered with sphagnum moss.
Young plants are transplanted annually, adults - every 3-4 years.
Trimming and shaping. No pruning is necessary.
Bloom. Anthurium Andre blooms almost all year round. Other varieties are from spring to autumn. It is advisable to remove faded flowers so as not to weaken the plant.
Reproduction. Anthurium is propagated by seeds, dividing the bush (rhizomes), lateral offshoots, apical cuttings.
Since the roots of the anthurium are very fragile, the bush is divided only as a last resort. Divided plants should be kept warm and sprayed frequently. It is advisable to add Epin.
Side suckers near the roots are separated from the mother plant and planted in small pots with light porous soil. This operation is best done in the spring.
Also propagate in spring with apical cuttings, removing 1-2 lower leaves and deepening the cutting to the first leaf. The soil should be porous and light. It is better to cover the cuttings with transparent material and put in a warm place. Plant in pots after 2-3 weeks.
Attention: The stems and leaves of anthuriums are poisonous, work with gloves. Make sure children do not chew on the leaves and stems of the anthurium. Don't let your cat chew on the plant!
Diseases and pests. When flooded, the plant is damaged by root rot. At low air humidity, it is damaged by scabbard and spider mites.
Anthurium in winter. In winter, the main thing is to observe the temperature regime (not lower than 12 ° C) and protect the anthurium from drafts.
How to properly care for anthurium. Transplantation, cultivation of anthurium.
PHOTO OF ANTHURIUM