Rose belongs to perennial, decorative flowering plants of the Rosehip family.
Most of the rose varieties have been obtained as a result of painstaking selection work through multiple crossing and strict selection.
Today, there are more than 1000 of the most diverse varieties of roses, which are usually classified into park, garden, shrub, miniature, ground cover, curb, climbing species. By the number of petals, plants are classified into simple, semi-double and double.
Rose Kordes Souvenir de Baden-Baden
Undoubtedly, a rose is a real decoration of any garden or backyard plot, therefore, many gardeners are interested in the technology of growing these amazingly beautiful plants.
It is worth noting that growing roses in a garden is a rather difficult task. For successful cultivation, it is necessary to comply with all agrotechnical conditions, to provide regular and proper care, depending on the variety and type of plants in this group.
The most important condition in the growing process is the choice of a suitable site for planting, since the growth, development, flowering and resistance of plants to diseases depend on the right place for planting flowers.
Roses are light-loving and heat-loving plants, therefore, for the future rose garden, it is necessary to allocate open, light, best sunny, protected from the winds. It is best to plant plants on the south or southeast side. Climbing species feel comfortable in the shady areas of the garden.
The soil on the site should be fertile, loose, nutritious, well-drained and have a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. Flowers grow well on loamy, sandy loam soils, as well as on black soil. Clay, saline, sandy and waterlogged soils are not suitable for cultivation, therefore it is recommended to prepare the soil in advance before planting.
A rather important aspect is the choice of planting material. It is best to purchase rose seedlings in specialized nurseries, garden centers or flower shops. When choosing one or another variety, you need to pay attention to the quality of the seedlings. The planting material should be strong, healthy, without any signs of disease, with a well-developed closed-type root system, and have several large buds ready for development.
Immediately before planting, it is necessary to inspect the root system of the plants and, if necessary, remove damaged, dry or rotten roots. All damaged parts must be trimmed to living tissue. You also need to shorten the shoots on the bush, while leaving shoots that have at least six large buds. Weak or dry shoots are removed completely.
The planting hole should be deep and wide enough so that the plant's root system can be freely placed on the bottom. Pour half a bucket of cold water into the hole. A drainage layer and a small amount of sand are placed at the bottom of each hole.
Experts recommend improving the quality of the soil and adding organic or complex nutrient mixtures in the fall or a month before the planned planting of seedlings. The best fertilizer for roses is manure.
The distance between seedlings or cuttings is selected depending on the variety of plants and the size of the bush. It is best to plant from one to five seedlings per square meter.
Rose seedlings are planted in the spring, but after the soil warms up enough and the danger of night frosts and sudden temperature changes, which are very destructive for plants, passes. If the planting is planned for autumn, then the bushes need to be planted no later than the end of September, so that before the onset of cold weather the seedlings have time to adapt and take root, and for the winter you need to take care of a good shelter to protect the root system of the plants.
A prerequisite for growing roses is pruning the bushes. Which is held in the spring, before. how buds begin to form on the bushes.
Hybrid tea varieties are shortened by 20 cm in the first year after planting. In the spring, seedlings are examined and shoots that are weak and damaged during the winter are removed. Old shoots are shortened by 1/3 of the length. During the flowering period, faded buds and flowers must be removed.
In climbing varieties, old and weak shoots are also removed, leaving seven well-developed shoots on the bush.
Rose Kordes Jasmine
Caring for roses comes down to regular watering, weeding, uprooting weeds, and making nutrient mixtures. Watering is especially important for young seedlings. Watering should be moderate. However, it is not recommended to allow the earthen coma to dry out for a long time.
During the season, three dressings are carried out using mineral and organic nutrient mixtures. Fertilizers should contain sufficient amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus. You can use complex mixtures for roses or other flowering garden plants. Weak seedlings can be fertilized once a month.
The first time in early spring, the second time - during the formation of buds and the last time in the middle of autumn. Every two years, at the beginning of spring, rotted manure or compost is brought under each bush
Roses are propagated by dividing the bush, cuttings or layering. The division of the bush is carried out in the spring. Each part of the bush should have several shoots and a well-developed root system. For better survival, the seedlings are shortened. Climbing varieties are best propagated by lateral layers.
In order to protect plants from pests, prophylactic treatments of seedlings with insecticidal and fungicidal solutions are regularly carried out.
Before the onset of cold weather, you need to take care of the shelter of the seedlings for the winter. It is recommended to cover the plants no later than mid-November. The bushes are sprinkled with peat and earth. Shelters are removed after the danger of night frosts has passed.
Most often, roses are affected by a dangerous parasite - the rose aphid.
Aphids on roses with enviable persistence appear as soon as buds on roses begin to form.
Young tops of shoots, buds and leaves of roses are covered with green and translucent insects about 1 mm long, sometimes smaller, the largest ones have wings.
Any insecticide will perfectly help against aphids.
Best of all, systemic, for example, Aktara, Confidor, Maxi, Commander - their effect is longer.
Recently, an insecticide has appeared on sale in the form of a ready-made spray, which is very convenient to use, since you do not need to specially dilute the drug, then wash the sprayer and dispose of contaminated water.
But for some reason it is customary for us to scold chemistry and praise folk recipes. You can find a lot of these on the Internet. True, advisors are not always competent in these matters.
For example, one piece of advice: "With a weak lesion, you need to cut off the affected branches or just transfer the pests with your fingers."
But the trick here is that it is extremely difficult to see the laid eggs and part of the individuals lurking in the leaf axils, painted in the color of greenery. Therefore, having run our fingers through the leaves a lot, we risk, having arrived in a few weeks at the dacha, to find a prosperous pest on the plants in large quantities.
The advice to "cut off the affected branches" is also wrong. The fact is that the rose aphid lies primarily on the forming buds and by pruning we simply deprive ourselves of flowering. Why then grow roses? Certainly not to admire only healthy foliage.
Another "wise" advice: "Take inexpensive vodka, pour it into a sprayer and sprinkle aphids. Everything is simple and safe!"
Maybe safe for the sprinkler. But roses can be burned decently, especially in sunny hot weather. And the flowering of a bush with scorched foliage is also not too pleasing to the eye.
In fact, this recipe came from indoor floriculture. So it is customary to fight a tick, and it is better not with vodka, which is really very risky in terms of burns, but with alcohol. Aphids can also be destroyed by this, but as for the eggs of aphids, there is a very big question whether the alcoholic substance acts on them or not.
"Take 1-2 cups of wood ash, dissolve it in a bucket of boiled water, then add liquid soap, strain, sprinkle."
You can, of course, do this, but soon after that the aphid will definitely reappear. The recipe is ineffective.
"Sprinkle rose bushes that are heavily affected by aphids with a little soapy water (100-200 grams of soap in a 10 liter bucket of water)."
Also an ineffective way, since you will have to do this every week, otherwise there will be no sense. The same applies to such a popular variety of herbal infusions and decoctions. Their effectiveness, unfortunately, leaves much to be desired and, whatever one may say, chemical preparations have to be used on non-food plants.
Interesting fact. The juice that these nasty insects secrete is very popular with ants.
They guard the colonies of these pests and even breed aphids, spreading them to neighboring plants in the rose garden.
So ants are not always beneficial insects.
Rose hybrid tea Friendship
By protecting the rose from diseases and pests, you can enjoy its beautiful appearance and sophisticated aroma for a long time.