The growing popularity of bonsai has not gone unnoticed. Many shopping centers sell a variety of bonsai trees or plants of the same name, and popular gardening newspapers and books have begun to pay more attention to the issue.
Many people now know a thing or two about bonsai.
Although, as a rule, their information about the formation, cost and care of such plants is inaccurate.
Bonsai does not require any incredibly difficult maintenance, in principle, it needs no more attention than any other houseplant. The main thing is to follow the rules of temperature and light conditions, watering and transplanting. Pruning alone will take extra time and attention, but the effort will pay off. First, it is worth accumulating experience in caring for an unpretentious, self-grown tree, and then move on to the "masterpieces".
For a long time in the West, bonsai remained a pleasant pastime for the elite. Its popularity has grown in recent years. Many gardening and floriculture lovers have turned their eyes to this most beautiful of man's creations. Today, these exotic plants are increasingly becoming an attribute of modern interiors. Collectors from all over the world are trying to get hold of the most valuable pieces.
Bonsai is, first of all, harmony, therefore everyone who is engaged in this unusual business, one way or another, is also engaged in landscape design. On solemn occasions, bonsai lovers in East Asia display one or more of their finest plants in the most prominent place in the home as an object of admiration and contemplation.
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Nobody will just put a "flower pot" on the table - for a bonsai they will make a special bench, a wooden table or an artistic stand and will look for a place to put it for a long time.
Bonsai masters use more than 400 plant species in their work.
Depending on the growing conditions and according to the principle of maintenance and placement, bonsai are conventionally divided into garden ones, which require rest during the autumn-winter period, and interior, or indoor, which are tropical and subtropical plants.
Common plants such as pines, maples, junipers are classified as garden bonsai. They can only be brought into the premises for a limited time. For example, the Japanese often place bonsai in a niche in the wall called a tokonoma. It is designed to demonstrate various "objects of beauty" - calligraphic scrolls, paintings, ceramics, ikebana, bonsai, compositions.
After everyone has admired and appreciated the artistic design, the small tree is returned to its usual conditions in the garden.
Garden bonsai suffer if they are kept indoors for a long time, since the room air is too dry and warm for them. When keeping the plant outdoors, problems rarely arise. In summer, the plant should be shaded from direct sunlight, and in winter, protected from snow (rain) and wind.
Fruit and flowering bonsai are placed in a well-lit area for several hours. Almost any plant can be grown as a garden bonsai.
In recent years, indoor bonsai have appeared, they use heat-loving trees and shrubs, which can be constantly kept at room temperature. The idea of indoor bonsai was born, by the way, not in the East, but in the West - in Germany.
Indoor bonsai are more demanding than garden bonsai. In this, they can be put on the same level as the most whimsical indoor plants. Improper maintenance will either destroy the bonsai, or deprive it of attractiveness and make it an ordinary plant, but not a miniature tree.
Bonsai plants are overwhelmingly tropical and subtropical, so the climatic features of our region are not suitable for them. Hence the conclusion - the conditions must be created yourself. If you doubt that you will be able to provide a bonsai with everything it needs to grow successfully and properly, it is better to abandon this venture in advance.
But if you have already created the conditions for him, then the bonsai is suitable for decorating the interior of your apartment and office without limiting the space. Any breed traditionally used in indoor bonsai art, exotic or indigenous, will perfectly fit into any style.
Bonsai will harmoniously fit as a separate accessory and a small component in any style, be it high-tech or minimalism. However, indoor bonsai require high humidity, so it is recommended to keep plants away from heating appliances. Indoor bonsai also fear drafts.
The key to success in growing bonsai is to know exactly what kind of plant is a bonsai (this is the main thing that you need to find out right away when buying a bonsai or receiving it as a gift) in order to provide it with all the necessary conditions for good growth.
Used material from the book M. P. Zgurskaya "Bonsai"