Lemon is an evergreen “flower”. It can bloom up to several times a year. It has yellow fruits that remain on the plant for a long time - up to two years, only changing color: from yellow to green and vice versa.
Indoor lemon fruits have a thin skin and a wonderful aroma. Flowers have a pronounced smell.
Here are several types of indoor lemons:
Pavlovsky lemon - can easily tolerate shade, has thin-skinned fruits and excellent aroma. Such lemon reproduces vegetatively. Pavlovsky lemon is most suitable for growing at home.
Lemon Kiev large-fruited. A medium-sized plant with large fruits, adult lemon trees have fruits weighing up to 1 kilogram.
Meyer's lemon - This undersized variety bears fruit well. The fruit is more acidic than other species, so it is not eaten ripe.
A pronounced smell is inherent in the New Georgian lemon. The tree trunk is studded with thorns. It bears fruit and blooms all year round.
Genoa - This kind of lemon has no thorns. Bears abundantly.
Lisbon - the plant is dotted with thorns, can grow at high temperatures.
Lemon is adapted to temperatures no more than 18 degrees. In winter, it is advisable to place citrus in a bright room with a temperature not higher than 12-15 degrees, otherwise it will stop bearing fruit.
Lemon loves bright light. It is best placed in the east or west, and protected from direct sunlight in spring and summer.
In spring and summer, lemon requires thorough, abundant watering - up to twice a week, and in winter - once a week. Both from an excess of moisture and from drought, citrus fruits die.
In summer, lemons require spraying, but if in winter they are kept in a room with a temperature above 15 degrees, then they should also be sprayed.
You need to transplant a young plant into a flowerpot annually - by transshipment. Older and, especially, fruiting plants are transplanted only once every three years.
For a young plant, use sod, leafy soil, humus and sand (2: 1: 1: 1). And for an adult - everything is the same (3: 1: 1: 1) plus clay.
As a fertilizer, you can use fertilizing watering, which helps to reduce the bitter taste. In the future, the soil is fertilized only after watering with plain water. You can use a mixture of cow dung as a fertilizer, or you can buy a special fertilizer for citrus fruits.
Lemons are propagated by cuttings, seeds, layering; grafting is widely used.
Lemon can be attacked by scale insects that feed on plant cell sap. They are brown girdles on leaves or stems. As control measures, spraying with an insecticide, actellik solution, karbofos, deciss is used.
Lemon can infect spider mites when cobwebs become entangled in the stems and leaves and buds that have tied up fall off. In this case, the plant is washed with soapy water, and then under a warm stream from the shower. In case of severe damage, the lemon is sprayed with actellik.