Vriesea (lat.Vriesea) is an epiphytic herb that lives in natural conditions on rocks, snags, tree bark. The birthplace of Vriezia is the humid tropics of Central and South America. There are approximately 200-250 species of Vriese.
Vriezia's decoration is its peduncle with bracts of bright scarlet, orange or yellow color. This beautiful ear growing from a rosette of leaves may not wither for several months. Its dark green leaves with lighter transverse stripes are also very decorative. There is also another color of the leaves: monochromatic, spotted, marble. In total, more than 150 species of these amazing plants are grown in indoor floriculture.
According to Wikipedia, the correct name for this plant is not Vriezia, but Frizee.
Vriezia - popular species:
Beautiful Vriesea (Vriesea splendens), also called Vriesea brilliant - a perennial plant with a wide rosette of long leaves. Red-yellow bracts grow on a high, about 50 cm, peduncle. It usually blooms in summer and blooms for several months.
Vriesea carinata - a more compact form. Leaves of a uniform color grow from a wide rosette, 20-30 cm long. Blooms in winter, closer to November.
Vriesia saundersii: This species features purple spots on the underside of the leaves and a panicle-like inflorescence. Blooms in autumn and winter.
In order for an amazingly beautiful plant to flaunt in your home for a long time, you need to learn some secrets for caring for it.
This bright, colorful, heat-loving flower loves morning and afternoon sun rays. Provide fresh air and adequate humidity at all times, but protect from sudden changes in temperature and drafts. Observing simple tips, you can grow a plant of extraordinary beauty.
The tropical beauty is great for landscaping the interior of a living room or dining room, it will also look beautiful in the lobby of an office building or study. Designers often use vriezia for vertical landscaping and composition. The sophisticated decorativeness of the flowers attracts the eye and adds sophistication to the atmosphere.
Lighting. Vriezias can live in partial shade, but they feel better at a well-lit window, oriented to the west or east. If your pet lives on a south window, be sure to shade it from direct sunlight. Bright lighting can reduce the decorative effect of the leaves, they will fade and lose their pattern.
Since the flower is shade-tolerant, when kept on the south side, install it deep into the apartment, this will provide the plant with diffused light.
Temperature. A resident of the tropics and subtropics, vriezia, needs a warm room without sudden changes in temperature. In the spring and summer, it is desirable to keep it at a temperature of 22-26 ° C, in the autumn-winter period - not lower than 18-20 ° C.
Air humidity. This tropical plant needs high humidity for normal development. If the air in the room is dry, spray the incision, being careful not to get any droplets on the bracts. You can also spread wet sphagnum moss around the pot or put the pot in a tray with wet expanded clay.
In winter, place the flower pot away from the central heating radiators and be sure to use artificial humidification in the apartment.
Watering. In the summer, you need to water Vriezia both in an outlet and in a pot, on a substrate, which must be constantly wet. Also, there should be some water in the outlet all the time. It is better to use rainwater for irrigation, and tap water should be defended for at least a day. It is important that the water is lime-free and at room temperature.
Keep the substrate moist, but not wet, as excess moisture in the soil is unacceptable for the growth and life of Vriezia.
Important: Periodically, at least once a month, refresh the water in the outlet and clean it from dust.
In winter, watering is reduced to once a week, watering only the substrate.
Top dressing. From spring to autumn, once every two weeks, Vriezia is fed with fertilizer for bromeliads. Fertilizer should be poured not into the substrate, but into the leaf outlet, since the roots of Vriezia are not intended for feeding the plant, but for fixing it in the soil or on the bark of a tree. You can dilute nutrients in water and spray the plant.
If no suitable fertilizer is available, fertilizer for orchids or flowering plants can be used, but at half the dose. In winter, feeding is stopped.
Transfer. A store-bought flowering plant does not need to be repotted. And the babies that the mother plant gives birth to are planted in pots with loose, breathable soil. Young plants are transplanted in spring 1 time in 2 years, until flowering. For this purpose, take shallow, wide pots. One third of the pot is filled with expanded clay or brick chips drainage and soil for bromeliads. A mixture of orchid soil and universal soil is also suitable.
Trimming and shaping. Vriezia does not need pruning and shaping.
Bloom. Vriezia usually blooms in tiny white or yellow flowers that appear on the bracts (spike) and wither quickly. The bright red or yellow bracts can last for several months. When it dries up, it will need to be trimmed. By this time, children appear in Vriezia, who are subsequently seated in separate pots.
Reproduction. The easiest way to reproduce vriezia is by offshoots that grow on the sides of the mother plant. When they reach a third of the height of an adult plant, they are carefully separated, being careful not to damage the delicate roots, and planted in a substrate for bromeliads.
Diseases and pests. Most often, Vriezias are affected by the bromelium scale. Insects are removed from the underside of the leaves with a soft cloth soaked in soapy water.
Also, a fungus may appear on the leaves of the plant, which may cause them to turn black. In this case, the affected parts must be cut off and placed in a more ventilated room.
If you notice brownish spots on the leaves, most likely the plant has received a burn from direct sunlight, move the flowerpot away from the window.
Dryness and darkening of the tips of the leaves indicates a lack of moisture. To improve the condition of vriezia, use rain or melt water for irrigation.
Loss of bright color of inflorescences and pallor of leaves indicate insufficient lighting.
Plants in winter. Do not let the temperature drop below 18-20 ° C. Water not into an outlet, but into a pot, about 1 time per week. The topsoil should dry out 1 cm between waterings. Do not feed until spring.
Interesting facts: Vriezia leaves always become perpendicular to the direction of the light falling on them.
VIDEO: VRIEZIA, FRISEIA
How to properly care for Vriese. Transplantation, growing of vriezia.