Spathiphyllum (Latin Spathiphyllum) is a genus of perennial evergreen plants of the Aroid family (Araceae). Stemless plants with short rhizome. The name of the genus comes from the Greek words Spata (spatha) - veil and Phyllon - leaf.
The homeland of spathiphyllum is the tropical forests of Venezuela, Brazil, South America and Malaysia.
Spathiphyllum names: Spathiphyllum, Sail plant, Women's happiness, White sail.
Spathiphyllum cannifolium (Spathiphyllum cannifolium) - a distinctive feature of this species is a pleasant strong aroma of a flower (cob). It has bright green leaves similar to canna leaves. The plant blooms in spring and winter.
Abundant spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum floribundum) - indeed this species blooms for a long time and abundantly throughout the year. It also stands in cut form for a long time (up to 3 months).
Wallis Spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum wallisii) - well suited for indoor cultivation. The bedspread is large in size (three times the size of the cob), changes color from white to green.
Spathiphyllum heliconiifolium (Spathiphyllum heliconiifolium) is a rather large species, plants reach a height of 1 m. Due to its large size, it is suitable for growing in spacious rooms, large halls.
Lighting. Spathiphyllum is suitable for diffused light near the western, eastern windows, on the windowsills of the northern windows. Direct light can cause burns on the leaves, so when placing the spathiphyllum on the southern windows, it should be shaded.
Temperature. Spathiphyllum is a thermophilic plant. In summer, the optimum temperature is 18-25 ° С, in winter, 18-20 ° С. In winter, make sure that the temperature does not drop below 14 ° C.
Important: spathiphyllum does not tolerate cold air and drafts. The plant begins to ache, the leaves turn black and shrivel.
Air humidity. Likes frequent spraying, but make sure that no water gets on the bracts. It is important to maintain high humidity as the tips of the leaves begin to dry in dry air. A regular warm shower is useful for spathiphyllum.
Watering. In spring and summer, spathiphyllum should be watered abundantly. The topsoil should dry out between waterings. In the autumn-winter period, watering should be reduced (up to 1 time per week), excessive watering is harmful to the plant.
Top dressing. Spathiphyllum is fed from March to September 1 time in 10 days with a universal fertilizer or fertilizer for flowering plants. At other times, during flowering, you can fertilize with a half dose once every 3 weeks.
Transfer. Spathiphyllum grows rather quickly, so it can be replanted annually. The best time to transplant plants is spring. For transplanting, a wide, shallow pot is taken 2-4 cm wider than the previous one. Drainage is required at the bottom of the pot. The composition of the soil mixture: 1 tsp turf, 1 tsp leaf, 1 tsp humus, 1 tsp peat and 0.5 tsp sand. Careful with the roots, they are quite fragile in spathiphyllum.
You should not transplant spathiphyllum into a pot that is too spacious if you want to get a flowering plant.
Trimming and shaping. Spathiphyllum does not need pruning. Only dry leaves and flowers should be removed.
Bloom. Flowering usually begins in spring. The flower itself is a yellow ear (tail) on a white veil (bract). Blooms for several weeks, re-blooming is possible in autumn. After flowering, the spathiphyllum peduncle must be cut off so as not to weaken the plant.
Reproduction. The most popular breeding method is dividing the spathiphyllum bush. Each divided bush should have a few leaves and enough roots. The bushes are planted in 12 cm shallow pots with the mixture, as for transplanting. Don't forget drainage.
Diseases and pests. Leaf tips dry in low humidity.
When the plant is flooded or hypothermic, the leaves around the edges turn black and dry, and the unrolled leaves also dry.
Damaged by spider mites, mealybugs.
Spathiphyllum in winter. Protect the plant from cold air and drafts. Do not fill. Temperature - not lower than 14 ° С.
Beneficial features. Spathiphyllum is less effective than chlorophytum, but also cleans the air of dust in your room. Therefore, regularly wipe the leaves with a damp sponge or give him a warm shower. It is believed that spathiphyllum purifies the air from harmful compounds such as formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, xylene, trichlorethylene.
VIDEO: SPATIFILLUM, WOMAN'S HAPPINESS
How to properly care for spathiphyllum. Transplantation, cultivation of spathiphyllum.
PHOTO OF SPATIFILLUM