Schefflera (Latin Schéfflera) is an evergreen bushy or tree-like plant of the Araliaceae family. Shefflers are native to Australia and New Zealand. Named after the German botanist Scheffler. In nature, there are about 200 species of this genus, some species grow up to four meters in height and one and a half meters in width.
In natural conditions, it blooms with small green-yellow flowers. The stem of the plant is covered with dense foliage, which is directed upwards. Sheffler sheets resemble an open palm or umbrella. The color of the leaves can be monochromatic and spotted. Great for spacious, bright rooms.
Other names for shefflers: Sheflera, Umbrella tree, Umbrella tree.
In indoor conditions, the sheffler can grow up to 2.5 meters in height. Caring for a chefleur is not very difficult. The main thing is not to keep the bush in a too hot and dry room.
Important: Schefflera contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes. Be careful when handling this plant.
Schefflera - popular varieties:
Schefflera arboricola or Schefflera arborea is one of the most popular species in indoor culture, reaching 2 meters in height. Beautiful leaves with 7-16 blades, solid green or with white, yellow or cream spots. The trunk turns light brown over time and becomes bare.
Schefflera radiant or (Schefflera actinophylla) or Schefflera star-leaved - its peculiarity is that on a young plant leaves grow from three plates, and on an adult - from 5-7 plates. Indoors it can grow up to 2.5 meters in height.
Schefflera digitata or Aralia schefflera - undersized varieties with leaves numbering 7-10 plates were bred. Variegated forms look spectacular.
At home, the flower does not cause many problems, it is a completely unpretentious plant. The main thing is to choose the right place where the flower will feel good and create the necessary conditions. The basic rules of care are the same as for the maintenance of familiar indoor flowers. Requires bright, diffused lighting.
Shefflers planted thin and long shoots in a flowerpot not one by one, but several at a time. The result is a beautiful intertwined stem.
Lighting. Sheflera feels good on the windowsill of the west or east window. With a lack of light, sheffler leaves can fade, especially in variegated varieties. If the plant is on the south window, it should be shaded at midday.
In winter, the chef is recommended to place it in the most illuminated place. The flower is able to adapt to low light, but does not respond well to a sharp deterioration in light.
In summer, this light-loving plant is best taken out into fresh air, creating a light partial shade for it.
Temperature. Scheffler should not be kept in a hot room. If the summer temperature in the room rises above 23 ° C, it is better to take the plant pot out to a ventilated balcony or veranda. The optimum temperature for her at this time is 18-22 ° C.
In winter, the chef feels good at temperatures of 15-18 ° C. At temperatures below 14 ° C, the plant can get sick.
Air humidity. For the well-being of the chefs, it is important to maintain high humidity. In a room with dry air and in the hot season, the plant must be sprayed at least every other day. To increase the humidity, it is recommended to place a container with water or wet moss near the plant pot.
In winter, if the plant is in a cool room, the humidity can be lowered.
Watering. The shefler should be watered when the topsoil (0.5-1 cm) dries up. The plant does not tolerate overflow. Also, you should not allow the soil to dry out. It is best to use soft, purified water at room temperature. Tap water must be allowed to stand for at least a day.
Top dressing. From April to September, the chefler is fed with a half dose of fertilizer, alternating mineral with organic. The frequency of feeding at this time is 1 time in 2 weeks. In winter, the plant is not fed. After transplanting, you can feed the flower after the young leaves appear.
Transfer. A young chefler is transplanted in the spring, once every 2 years. At the bottom of the pot, so that water does not stagnate, it is imperative to put a drainage of brick chips (red brick) or expanded clay. Sheflera is suitable for a nutritious, light and breathable soil.
In order not to be mistaken in creating a favorable soil for transplanting, it is better to purchase ready-made soil in a flower shop, for example, soil "For palms" is perfect. Adult plants are transplanted every 3 years. The pot is taken 3-5 cm wider than the previous one.
Trimming and shaping. Shefler does not need pruning. For greater decorativeness, 2-3 plants can be planted in a pot during transplantation.
Bloom. In indoor conditions, flowering cheflers are quite a rare case. But if this happens, then the small flowers look like a kind of tentacles. First of all, this plant is prized for its beautiful leaves.
Reproduction. Propagated by cuttings, layering and seeds. Purchased seeds are sown in January or February, after the seedlings have two or three leaves, they are transplanted into separate pots.
Reproduction by cuttings is carried out in a container with a fertile substrate, the field of which is covered with plastic wrap. It is necessary to monitor the air temperature, it should be about + 20 ° C. It is also necessary to regularly spray and ventilate.
But it's easier to buy a new plant than to reproduce.
Diseases and pests. May be affected by scale insects, thrips, and red spider mites. Parasites are removed with a washcloth dipped in soapy water, it is important to treat the area under the leaves well, since most parasites settle there.
If the air temperature is too high, the sheffler can shed leaves. With waterlogged soil, the root system can rot. In too dry air, the edges of the leaves may turn brown, and the risk of spider mite damage also increases.
It is important to protect the plant from drafts, cold air has a bad effect on the life of the plant. To get a strong and healthy flower, you should take into account its natural characteristics and needs.
Scheffler in winter. Do not place the plant near heating appliances or in a draft. Do not fill the sheffler, overflow is especially dangerous at low air temperatures. During this period, the frequency of watering should be strictly limited.
In winter, it is optimal to place the plant on a southern windowsill in a cool room. The optimum temperature for chefs in the cold season is not lower than + 13 ° C.
Interesting Facts. The plant got its name in honor of the German botanist, Jacob Christian Scheffler, who made a significant contribution to the development of this science.
In the chef's room, it can grow up to two meters, if the room is small, you can give the plant the shape of a low bush, having previously pinned the growth point.
This ornamental plant with unusual leaves, which is also called the "Umbrella Tree", will immediately take the leading place in the room. With proper care, it will delight with its original appearance and add a tropical mood to the owners.
The content of the video about Scheffler. Schefflera is an oxygen production plant. Restores the ionic composition of air in a room or office. What conditions are necessary for growing shefflers, sheffler species. Councils for the formation of a plant, its transplant.