Ordinary pomegranate (Latin Punica granatum) is a deciduous tree of the Lythraceae family or, according to other sources, of the Pomegranate family. In nature, only this species is found, its height is up to 3 m. The homeland of the pomegranate is Western Asia, the Balkans, Transcaucasia.
On the basis of the common pomegranate, the indoor pomegranate - Punica granatum Nana was bred. The maximum height of this variety is up to 1 m. It also differs from the common pomegranate in smaller leaves. From a young age blooms with beautiful crimson flowers.
Small-leaved indoor pomegranates can be used to form bonsai. At a young age, its branches are flexible enough to give them the appropriate shape.
In indoor conditions, you can grow pomegranate, which bears fruit with real, not decorative, fruits.
Other names: Pomegranate, indoor pomegranate.
Types of pomegranates:
Common pomegranate (Punica granatum) - ornamental tree grows up to 10 m in height. The branches are thin, the leathery leaves are collected in bunches, the shoots end with a thorn. Flowers are axillary or apical, in the form of a water lily.
Homemade pomegranate (Punica granatum f. Nana) - grows up to 100 cm in height. It has small emerald leaves, the flowering period begins from a young age, during this period, single crimson flowers appear at the ends of the shoots.
Socotransky pomegranate (Punica protopunica) - found on high rocky plateaus, 250 m above sea level, reaches a height of 3-4.5 m. Leaves are rounded, flowers are small, pink in color, raised on pedicels.
Useful properties of the plant. Pomegranate fruits contain amino acids and minerals necessary for the human body, as well as vitamins of the group K, C, B9, B6. The use of pomegranate has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, promotes the elimination of cholesterol, increases hemoglobin and strengthens the immune system. Often used in medicine as an anti-age supplement, it preserves youth by slowing down the aging process of the skin.
You can buy indoor pomegranate, fruit or decorative, in our store
A decorative, not demanding home tree, should be placed in a well-lit area, as in the shade, pomegranates slow down their growth. It looks beautiful and unusual in the interior of a dwelling, especially during the flowering period, when the plant is decorated with red-orange buds. This deciduous shrub blooms from early spring to early fall.
A novice florist can easily cope with the rules of care. The main thing is to ensure the supply of fresh air, the necessary humidity, the right temperature and a sufficient amount of light.
Lighting. Pomegranate is very fond of light. Therefore, the best place for him is the southern window sill. If the leaves begin to burn in the summer, the pomegranate needs to be shaded. With a lack of sunlight, the pomegranate may not bloom. Therefore, try to maintain a balance, place the tree in a bright place, but avoid direct sunlight.
Temperature. In spring and summer, it is preferable to keep pomegranates outdoors. The recommended temperature for active growth of pomegranate at this time is 22-27 ° С, but it tolerates an increase up to 30-32 ° С. So that in winter the plant does not lose its attractiveness, the optimum temperature for the content is 10-15 ° C, but not lower than 5-6 ° C.
Air humidity. The pomegranate likes to be sprayed periodically in hot weather or when it is in a dry room. Make sure that no water gets on the flowers of the plant. If the room is too cool, no spraying is required. Wipe down the wood from time to time with a damp sponge.
Watering. In spring and especially in summer, pomegranates should be watered abundantly. The soil should dry out slightly between waterings. From September, watering should be reduced - the pomegranate begins a dormant period. In winter, when the leaves of the pomegranate have fallen off, watering carefully, no more than 1 time in 2 weeks. Soft, purified or well-settled water is suitable for pomegranates.
Top dressing. For abundant flowering, with the formation of beautiful buds, you need to apply top dressing, starting from April to September, once every two weeks, with a complex fertilizer for indoor or decorative flowering plants. Before feeding, water the plant, this promotes better absorption of nutrients. If you are growing the tree solely for the fruit, then fertilize by following the recommendations for gardening plants.
Transfer. Young plants, up to 3 years old, are transplanted annually in the spring. Adults - once every 2-3 years. Pomegranates in tubs are transplanted every 5 years, but every year they change the top 5-centimeter layer of soil to a substrate enriched with humus.
The transplant substrate is prepared from humus, leaf, turf, peat, sand - all in equal parts. Instead of sand, perlite or vermiculite is suitable. Or take garden soil, a universal substrate and vermiculite in a 1: 1: 0.5 ratio. Drainage is required!
The root system of a pomegranate is shallow, so you need a shallow but wide pot. The transplant container is taken larger than the previous one, but it should be borne in mind that a pomegranate in a pot that is too spacious may not bloom.
Pruning and shaping the pomegranate. Pomegranate pruning is done twice - in the fall, before wintering and in early spring. All dried, as well as thickening branches are cut off.
When forming the crown, pruning of branches is carried out approximately 1/3 of the length. When pruning, 2-5 pairs of leaves should remain on the branch. Pruning should be carried out over the bud that looks outward so that the new shoot does not grow into the crown. Periodically, root growth that appears at the base of the trunk is also removed.
If the pomegranate is formed in the form of a bush with 4-5 main trunks, then every 5 years old shoots are replaced with new basal shoots.
Bloom. Pomegranate blooms and bears fruit usually already at the age of 2-3 years. Flowering lasts from May to August. The flowers of the pomegranate are of two types - jug-shaped with long pistils and bell-shaped with short pistils. The former bear fruit, the latter do not.
Important. It should be borne in mind that fruiting depletes indoor pomegranates, therefore, in young plants, most of the flowers or all those that have set should be cut off. In the future, give the opportunity to bear fruit once every three years.
Reproduction. Propagated by seeds, root suckers, cuttings.
Sowing of seeds is carried out in autumn or spring. You can sow purchased seeds, but it is better to take seeds in the form of grains with the pulp of a pomegranate fruit. Before sowing, it is advisable to soak them for a day in heteroauxin or root. Peat soil with the addition of perlite or vermiculite is suitable as a soil. After 2-3 weeks, seedlings will appear, when they grow 5 cm, they are planted in small pots.
Cuttings for propagation are cut from semi-freshened shoots in February-March. The substrate is peat mixed with sand. It is better to cover the cuttings with a transparent film or container to maintain moisture. Rooted cuttings are planted in small pots filled with a mixture of leaf, turf, humus and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5. Or, you can take purchased soil and add sand or perlite to it.
Diseases and pests. The pomegranate is susceptible to attack by scale insects and spider mites. The plant is attacked by pests in a dry room, regularly spray the ornamental tree to prevent unwanted infestation. If it was not possible to protect delicate leaves from pests, treat the plant with a special preparation against pests of indoor plants.
Also, the leaves of the pomegranate may begin to turn yellow, this is due to excessive watering. In this case, transplant the plant into drier soil, and carefully cut off the decayed roots.
Plants in winter. Young pomegranate trees can completely shed their leaves by winter. It is optimal to keep the pomegranate at this time at a temperature of 10-15 ° C, but not lower than 5-6 ° C.
Watering in winter is limited - no more than 2 times a month. Before wintering, you can trim the pomegranate branches to about a quarter of the length.
It is interesting. The name of the pomegranate comes from the Latin "granatus" (granular). In ancient times, the plant was called the "Carthaginian apple". A tree of amazing beauty and usefulness, has long been considered royal in the East.
The pomegranate is a long-liver, if not complicated maintenance rules are followed, it will delight the owners with its magnificent flowering and delicious fruits for many years.
PHOTO ROOM POMEGRANATE