Myrtle (Latin Myrtus) is a genus of southern evergreen woody plants of the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) with white fluffy flowers that contain essential oil. Small leaves are oval with a pointed edge.
In regions where there is no frosty winter, with the help of charming shrubs, uniquely shaped hedges are formed. Flowering occurs in the summer, small flowers, densely located on the branches of the tree, exude a pleasant aroma.
The homeland of myrtle is the Mediterranean countries. In natural conditions, it reaches 3 meters in height. In culture, the maximum size is up to 2 meters. Myrtle is cultivated in the Crimea, the North Caucasus, and Cyprus. Under indoor conditions, a small (30-40 cm) tree with a round crown is usually grown.
Indoor myrtle - popular types:
Common myrtle (Myrtus communis) - is distinguished by shiny leathery leaves 2-5 cm long, green in color and small five-petalled flowers. In the center of each flower are golden stamens. The most unpretentious among its relatives, therefore it is more often used by flower growers for green interior decoration.
Tarentina Granada (Myrtus Tarentina Granada) is a dwarf variety of myrtle. Has small whole leaves and a dense crown shape. Pleases the owners with exuberant flowering.
Variegated myrtle (Variegata) - leaves are round, green with white streaks. The aroma of leaves and flowers is not as pronounced as in other varieties. Perfect for landscaping residential premises.
You can buy indoor myrtle in our store
In order for a decorative tree to delight with its beautiful flowers, you need to provide it with proper care.
Myrtle loves fresh, cool air and sunlight, in summer it is best to take a flowerpot with a tree to an open veranda, and in winter place it on a glazed balcony or loggia. It tolerates drafts well, so it can be placed next to a frequently opened window. However, it must be protected from frosty air.
This charming green bush is able to maintain its compact shape for a long time, perfect for growing in child care facilities, offices and apartments.
Benefit and beauty are combined in the indoor myrtle flower, the care of which includes timely watering, pruning, and creating optimal conditions for development and growth.
Lighting. The myrtle tree is a light-loving plant. Loves bright sunlight with few direct rays. In summer, it is recommended to take the myrtle out to an open space to provide access to fresh air and light.
Indoor myrtle can grow in partial shade, but in a bright place its crown develops faster.
Temperature. In spring and summer, the plant feels good at a moderate temperature - 20-25 ° C. During warm winter, myrtle can shed its leaves. Make sure that the decorative handsome man does not overheat; in hot weather, remove it from the south window.
In winter, the plant rests, the temperature should be cool - 8-10 ° C warm.
Air humidity. The myrtle tree needs high humidity. Dry air, especially in winter, can cause the indoor flower to shed its foliage. To increase humidity, the plant can be placed on a pallet with damp expanded clay and sprayed at least 1 time per day.
Watering. Watering is abundant in spring and summer, the topsoil (5 mm) should dry out a little. Overdrying the earthen coma leads to the fact that the myrtle can shed its leaves and even die. In winter, watering is reduced, but within reasonable limits, to once a month. If the tree is left to winter in a room with working heating devices, then keep watering the same as in summer.
Important: Do not allow the substrate to dry out, myrtle does not like this very much.
Top dressing. The usual top dressing is once every two weeks with a complex fertilizer for indoor plants, in spring and summer. In winter, myrtle is usually not fed.
If an adult tree does not need replanting, then on the eve of summer, you need to add leaf humus to the topsoil.
Transfer. Young indoor myrtle trees are transplanted annually into a slightly larger pot. Adult plants that are more than 5 years old are transplanted every 3-4 years, and the topsoil is changed between transplants. The transplant is usually done in the spring.
When covering the roots with the substrate, be careful, the base of the trunk should remain on the surface. Install a drain to keep water from stagnating in the pot.
Trimming and shaping. The myrtle tree lends itself well to pruning and crown formation. A better word for this process is a haircut. However, too frequent cutting of the plant leads to the fact that few flowers are formed or myrtle does not bloom at all.
Pruning can give myrtle a wide variety of shapes. To make the plant look more like a tree, you need to cut off the side shoots, cutting off the upper shoots, get a gorgeous bush. You don't have to resort to shaping at all, in this case the flower will acquire a pyramidal shape.
Flowering and fruiting of indoor myrtle. If the myrtle is not very often cut and formed by a bush, then at the beginning of summer it begins to bloom with white flowers. Myrtle grown from seeds blooms in the 3rd year, from cuttings in the 2nd year. Blooming myrtle is an incredibly beautiful sight. The fragrance of graceful flowers fills the entire space of the room with a sweet scent.
Reproduction. You can propagate myrtle by seed or cuttings. Fresh cuttings, 8-10 cm long, are stuck into a mixture of peat and sand to a depth of 2-3 cm. They are placed in a bright place and covered with a bag (jar) to preserve moisture. Roots appear in 2 weeks - a month. Myrtle can be planted in 1.5 - 2 months in small pots.
Diseases and pests. This plant is resistant to diseases, but under adverse conditions it becomes infected with parasites: spider mites, aphids, scale insects.
If pests are identified, it is necessary to treat the leaves of myrtle with a special agent, such as "Aktara" or "Actellik". The combined use of these drugs is also effective. You can protect a flower from the attack of such ill-wishers if you do not allow the soil to dry out and follow the lighting rules.
Myrtle in winter. It tolerates fluctuations in temperature without any problems. In winter, it is advisable to keep it in a cool place at a temperature of 8-10 ° C. Watering is moderate, but it is important to ensure that the earth does not dry out.
Useful properties of myrtle. Myrtle leaves and flowers contain essential oils that have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effects. Myrtle is used to treat diseases of the kidneys, liver and heart.
Also, this plant is famous for its immunostimulating and phytoncidal properties. Tinctures and decoctions from crushed leaves help to cope with sinusitis, bronchitis, allergies, and alleviate the condition in inflammatory processes of internal organs. Often used to treat or prevent influenza in children.
Interesting Facts. The word "myrtle" is translated from Greek as "balm". The ancient Greeks decorated the newlyweds with myrtle to add beauty and sacrament to the wedding ceremony. It is considered one of the main symbols of Christian holidays. It was customary for our ancestors to give the bride a bouquet of myrtle on the wedding day, as a symbol of a happy marriage.