Medinilla belongs to the Malastomaceae family. This beautiful flower grows on the islands of the Pacific Ocean, Asia, Africa, Madagascar.
At home - in humid tropical forests, the plant can reach 2 meters in height, grows on the trunks of large trees (epiphyte, semi-epiphyte). At home, the bush reaches no more than one and a half meters, it is very spreading and spectacular.
During flowering, Medinilla is beautiful. With the arrival of spring, panicles develop on the peduncles - inflorescences of small pink flowers. Each such bunch droops and is covered with large petals - bracts. The length of the inflorescence is up to 40 cm. After the end of the flowering period, fruits develop in the form of fleshy purple berries.
But even after fruiting, the plant is beautiful. Sprawling bush, the thick stems of which are densely covered with large leaves with a leathery surface.
At home, the plant is called the Malaysian orchid or "kapa-kapa".
In nature, there are about 400 species of Medinilla, but breeders have not managed to adapt everything to home conditions. The most adapted and beautiful species of this plant are chosen for collections and gardens.
Medinilla - popular types:
Medinilla is sedumous. Botanist-recommended cultivar for home cultivation. Ideally suited for decorating terrariums and florariums. The length of the inflorescence is up to 15 cm. The peculiarity of this species is the absence of bracts. The bush itself is low, the stem reaches no more than 17 cm.
Javanika. Another species that do well in our climatic conditions. As well as sedumous, it differs from other species in the absence of bracts. Another difference is the purple color of the inflorescences. The leaves are beautiful, oval, bright green.
Magnificent. The largest and most beautiful bush that grows in the Philippines and Indonesia. The height can reach one and a half meters, the length of the leaf is up to 25 cm, and the inflorescences are 30 cm. Large panicles of a delicate pink color, the same bracts border a bunch of small flowers. In order for the Gorgeous Medinilla to feel comfortable and to maximize her beauty, she needs to create conditions close to tropical.
You can buy medinilla in our store:
The beneficial properties of Medinilla relate rather to the field of psychology. Beautiful flowers cheer up, an evergreen plant relieves depressive states, especially in winter and late autumn, when it is cloudy outside. The beauty is quite capricious, therefore, requires increased attention. Caring for such a flower enables a person to forget about their problems. Moreover, he thanks him for the care with luxurious flowers and fruits.
Until recently, only the lucky owners of winter gardens could enjoy the beauty of this exotic flower. Today, thanks to the efforts of breeders, the flowering bush can be grown in home collections.
If you want to enjoy the view of a beautiful evergreen flower at home, you need to place it on a windowsill. It is best if the window faces west or east. In summer, the delicate plant must be protected from direct sunlight. It can provoke the onset of disease and even lead to death.
Medinilla requires more than just the right conditions, it needs the perfect environment to grow. Constant humidification of the air and maintaining the temperature regime are mandatory. Best of all, the flower reveals its beauty and develops in showcases and florariums.
Lighting. Medinilla is a light-loving plant. It is important to remember: the light should be bright, but diffused. It is optimal to grow a flower in the east or west window. On the north side, you will need additional lighting with fluorescent or phytolamps. The plant must be protected from direct rays of the southern side by scattering. If there is not enough light, the capricious beauty will not bloom or throw off the buds.
Temperature. The main thing to remember is that Medinilla dies from sudden changes in temperature and drafts. In the warm season, she needs to ensure a constant temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, the optimal mode is about 16 degrees. Do not place the pot near heating radiators and air conditioners
Humidity. Medinilla is a tropical beauty, so the air around her must be kept moist. You can ensure optimal conditions by spraying the leaves, but make sure that no water gets on the flowers. You can also give the plant a wet shower. A tray of pebbles or gravel, in which water is poured and a pot is placed, can also solve the problem of moisture.
Watering. The flowering period is in spring and summer. At this time, the flower requires intensive watering. The water should be soft and settled. Watering frequency is controlled by soil moisture, which should not dry out. In winter, the plant is dormant, so it should be watered less often, only after the soil has dried out by 3 cm.
Top dressing. During the flowering period, be sure to feed Medinilla. Once every 10 days, fertilizer is applied to the soil for ornamental flowering plants. Orchid fertilizer can be used, standard fertilizers should be added in half the dose declared by the manufacturer. Also, over the summer, you need to provide the bush with organic matter 3 times. In winter, during the dormant period, feeding is not required.
Transfer. The time for transplanting a tropical flower is strictly defined: either immediately after flowering or in March, before intensive growth begins. Adult bushes are transplanted every 2-3 years, young ones every year. It is important to choose a larger, wider pot each time, a basket for epiphytes is also suitable. When transplanting, you need to take care of good drainage, which can be a thick layer of expanded clay or broken shards.
Epiphytes need to be transplanted into a specific soil. It can be prepared by mixing foliage and sod soil, fibrous peat and sphagnum moss with the addition of sand (2: 1: 1: 1). A little charcoal should be added later.
The root system of Medinilla is superficial, therefore it should be planted shallowly.
Trimming and shaping. Since Medinilla is an artisanal plant, its green mass can be increased by pruning. To do this, it is enough to remove the tips of the stems with a pruner. This manipulation stimulates the growth of lateral branches, the bush becomes more lush. You can form a plant after it has bloomed.
Bloom. With the arrival of spring, the flower wakes up. First, new leaves appear on the stems, flower stalks are already forming by April. In a tropical beauty, buds and flowers appear for a very long time. Like the flowering period itself, buds and flowers appear for about one and a half months. Despite their beauty, the inflorescences will not delight you with a pleasant smell, they do not smell at all.
After the panicle has faded, it needs to be cut off. This stimulates the emergence of new inflorescences.
Reproduction. Medinilla can be propagated by cuttings and seeds. Both the first and second methods are long and painstaking, but since the plant is expensive, patience and effort pays off.
Cuttings are semi-lignified shoots with 2-3 internodes. The leaves should be cut in half. The stalk is placed in a rooting stimulator, then planted in river sand or sphagnum moss.
Seeds are collected from ripe fruits and planted in the ground, covered with a film. After germination, a pick is carried out, adult sprouts are planted in pots.
In both cases, it is necessary to ensure the conditions of the greenhouse (humidity 80%, temperature 30 degrees).
Diseases and pests. The most common and dangerous disease of Medinilla is botrytis gray. Dark spots appear on the leaves, which must be removed prior to treatment with special chemicals.
The tropical beauty has a lot of pests:
Mealybug is a sign of the appearance of a white bloom on the leaves. The plant can be cured with special chemicals;
Spider mites - yellow spots and fine filaments are the main symptom. For treatment, you need to wipe the leaves with soapy water and medical alcohol;
Aphids - forms colonies on the lower part of the leaf, from which it curls. Drugs containing permethrin may help.
Medinilla in winter. Autumn and winter are dormant periods. At this time, the plant does not need abundant watering and moisture. The temperature may not exceed 16 degrees. However, during the heating season, the pots should be kept away from the system radiators. The flower must be protected from temperature changes. You can provide the plant with an extension of daylight hours using phytolamps or daylight lamps.
Interesting facts about Medinill. The plant is named after the governor of the island of Mauritius, Jose de Medinilla Pineda, who held this position in 1820. He was a big fan of the tropical flower, striking in its beauty. It is not surprising that today a beauty from the tropics is included in the TOP 10 most expensive flowers in the world. According to various sources, it ranks three or five times. But in any case, it is tightly in the top five in terms of price.