Laurel noble (lat.Laurus nobilis) is a subtropical tree or shrub, a species of the genus Laurus (Laurus) of the Laurel family. Grows in the Mediterranean, southwestern regions of the Krasnodar Territory of Russia.
Laurel noble in open ground can grow up to 100 years of age and grow up to 10 meters. In indoor conditions, the maximum height is 3 meters.
An evergreen shrub or compact tree is known for its decorative and practical functions. Leaves are leathery, with a glossy surface, oblong in shape, reaching 8-10 cm. During the flowering period, laurel is decorated with small yellow flowers.
Laurel names: laurel tree, laurel, greek laurel, roman laurel, indian laurel, sweet laurel.
Popular types of laurel:
Laurel Azores - Laurus azorica. The large leaves of the decorative representative of the laurel family are egg-shaped and have a muted green tint. Blooms in early May with light yellow flowers, which are collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
Laurel camphor - Cinnamomum camphora. It has a wide-branched crown and a sharp, slightly spicy aroma. Lanceolate leaves are covered with small dots, flowers are yellow with a greenish tint. The plant contains camphor, a drug that has the ability to stimulate the central nervous system.
The shiny leaves of laurel noble contain a large amount of essential oils, secrete phytoncides, which have a beneficial effect on the indoor air, destroying bacteria and microorganisms. A beautiful and useful tree, laurel noble, which is not very difficult to care for, will add coziness and charm to your home.
It grows slowly, the crown is easily formed according to your wishes, so that the plant harmoniously fits into the interior. It is better not to expose the subtropical guest to sudden changes in temperature, the most optimal temperature is from 12 to 15 ° C. Laurel does not like cold winds, but it can withstand temperatures as low as -5 ° C. It is important to create good lighting, ventilation of the room, ensure timely watering and regular spraying of the leaves.
Lighting. Laurel loves bright diffused light. It can grow in partial shade, but this will affect development and branching. In summer, it is preferable to keep the laurel in a well-ventilated place, on a balcony or in a garden.
Temperature. Laurel can withstand a wide range of temperatures. In summer, the optimum temperature for keeping is from 25 to 28 ° C. On hot days, arrange for the flower to have a vacation in the fresh air - take the flowerpot out onto the balcony or veranda. In winter, the laurel is best kept in a cool room with a temperature of 5 to 12 ° C.
In the spring, do not rush to take the laurel outside, the young leaves of the plant may freeze slightly.
Air humidity. It is recommended to arrange a laurel spraying with soft, settled water to avoid the appearance of scale insects, especially on hot summer days. You can also have a shower at room temperature 1-2 times a month. A good way out is to provide the laurel with favorable conditions on hot days: put a flowerpot with a plant on a pallet with damp pebbles, moss or expanded clay. Just make sure that the bottom of the flowerpot does not touch the water.
Watering. In spring and summer, watering is regular and abundant. Between waterings, the top layer of the earthen coma should dry out.
In winter, watering should be very moderate, the laurel does not like overflow, however, care must be taken that the earth does not completely dry out.
Top dressing. During the growing season, in spring and summer, laurel is fed once a month with complex organic and mineral fertilizers.
Transfer. It is best carried out in the spring by transferring it together with an earthen clod into a larger pot. It is important to be careful not to harm the root system. The frequency of replanting for young plants is annually or every other year. It does not have any special requirements for the soil; it can successfully develop in ordinary garden soil. The main thing is to ensure good air and moisture permeability of the soil, for this it is necessary to install drainage.
Adults, 4 - 5-year-old plants are transplanted once every 3-4 years.
Trimming and shaping. Laurel responds well to pruning. To give the desired shape, the main shoots are cut at a height of 15-20 cm. New shoots will grow from the lower buds, which are also cut off.
You can form a pyramidal, rounded, standard shape (tree with a crown).
Pruning is recommended in the spring, during the period of active growth.
Bloom. In indoor conditions, laurel rarely blooms, but this event can occur in late spring and until late summer.
Laurel bears fruit in autumn, with small fruits at four to five years of age.
Reproduction. The plant propagates by seeds, cuttings and layering.
Seeds are sown in the fall in a suitable soil in a small pot. Root cuttings, shoots that grow from the roots, are separated and transplanted into small pots.
But it is better to propagate laurel by cuttings. To do this, use a non-lignified stalk from a young plant 6-8 cm long with 2-3 leaves (buds). A laurel stalk is rooted in the sand to a depth of 1 cm, under which there is a soil layer of 4-5 cm. Cuttings take root in about a month.
Diseases and pests. Most often, laurel is affected by the scabbard. The appearance of the plant indicates infection with parasites, its leaves become sticky and shiny, essential oils are secreted.
Be sure to inspect the bottom of the leaf - pests are hiding there. When spraying the plant with drugs, tilt it to prevent chemicals from entering the soil.
Attention: when using insecticidal preparations, do not then use laurel leaves as a seasoning.
With improper care, the tree is exposed to viral and fungal diseases.
If the leaves begin to dry, then the soil is too dense or the air in the room is too hot. Curling of the leaves indicates insufficient air humidity. If you do not worry about the wintering conditions in a timely manner, the laurel can shed the foliage, you can help the plant by placing it in a cool place and covering it with a plastic bag. After a short time, young shoots will begin to appear.
Plants in winter. In winter, it is preferable to keep the laurel in a cool, ventilated room at a temperature of 5-12 ° C. Place away from central heating radiators.
Do not over-water the plant during dormancy.
Interesting: The evergreen has a rich history. The heads of ancient heroes and victors were decorated with wreaths of leaves of this noble plant. Green fragrant branches decorated the dwelling. Laurel groves were considered a sacred place, ceremonies and rituals were held there.
Nowadays, bay leaves are used for medicinal purposes, in cooking and as a green decoration for the interior of an apartment or garden plot. The most fragrant leaves are collected from a biennial plant.
The content of essential oil in the leaves reaches 4-5%, the largest amount accumulates in winter.
Ointments and tinctures are created from the leaves and fruits of this plant. They contain essential oils, tannins, acetic, valerian and caproic acid. It is used to treat hysteria, stomach colic, rheumatism, urolithiasis, and nervous tics.
PHOTO Laurel NOBLE