Kalanchoe (lat.Kalanchoe) is a genus of succulent plants of the Crassulaceae family. Distributed in Australia, Madagascar, tropical regions of South Africa.
Kalanchoe is very convenient for growing indoors. Decorative-leaved forms are unpretentious in care, decorative flowering varieties (hybrids of Madagascar K. Blossfeld (K. Blossfeldiana) bloom in winter.
Popular varieties of Kalanchoe:
Blossfeld's Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) is a flowering plant up to 30 cm high, small flowers of different colors, flowering winter-spring, can bloom at other times.
Pinnacle Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe pinnatum, K. Pinnata) is a rather tall plant, up to 1 m tall, babies grow at the edges of the leaf, abundant but irregular flowering.
Kalanchoe daigremontiana (Kalanchoe daigremontiana) is an ornamental-leaved plant up to 70 cm tall, babies grow in recesses between the teeth of the leaves.
Purchase and selection of plants. When choosing a decorative flowering Kalanchoe, pay attention to the number of blossoming flowers. Better to take a plant with half unopened buds.
Lighting. Kalanchoe loves bright sunlight. Lighting is especially necessary for the plant during its flowering period. It is advisable not to place the Kalanchoe on the north window. In summer, you can take it out to the balcony, but it is better to shade it from the midday sun.
Temperature. The spring-summer temperature of the content is 20-26 ° C, the autumn-winter temperature is 15-18 ° C. The minimum winter temperature is 10 ° C.
Air humidity. Like other succulents, Kalanchoe normally tolerates dry air. The plant does not need to be sprayed.
Watering. You need to water abundantly, but not often, as the topsoil dries. During flowering and when kept in the sun - water more often; in winter and at low temperatures of maintenance - less often.
Top dressing. Top dressing is standard - once every two weeks in spring-summer, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers, or fertilizers for cacti and succulents. It is also possible to add fertilizers during flowering, no more than 1 time per month.
Transfer. Kalanchoe is transplanted every two years to renew the soil or plant an overgrown plant. The substrate is a mixture of turf, peat soil with the addition of sand. Drainage from expanded clay or broken red brick is required to the bottom.
Trimming and shaping. After flowering, the stems are cut a little to add decorative effect. Dry and wilted stems and flowers are removed.
Bloom. The flowering period is usually spring-summer, some varieties bloom in winter. For abundant flowering, good lighting and preliminary pinching are necessary.
Reproduction. Kalanchoe can be propagated by children (at the ends of the leaves), seeds and cuttings. Children, falling to the surface of the soil, root themselves, they can be planted.
Seeds are sown in February-March in a light substrate - a mixture of peat with deciduous soil.
Cuttings for propagation are taken 10-15 cm long and stuck into a mixture of peat with sand to a depth of 3-5 cm and watered. When the cutting has produced a few leaves, it is transplanted into a small pot with nutritious soil (with the addition of compost or humus). When the young plant gets stronger, it is transplanted to a permanent place of residence.
Diseases and pests. With excessive watering, it gets sick. Susceptible to aphid attack.
Plants in winter. Kalanchoe should not be poured in, as well as supercooling (below 10 ° C). Place the plant closer to the light source.
This is interesting: The plant has healing properties. Viviparous - reproduces by children from leaves.
How to properly care for Kalanchoe. Transplantation, cultivation of Kalanchoe.
VIDEO: ALOE, GERAN, KALANHOE
Healing properties of Kalanchoe. Application in traditional medicine and contraindications.