Indoor bamboo (lat.Dracaena Sanderiana), a perennial herb from the genus Dracaena, the Ruscaceae family. Dracaena's homeland is tropical Africa. It is very popular in Asia.
In nature, it reaches one and a half meters in height, at home it is much lower, up to one meter.
Its knobby stems turn towards the light source, using this fact, the stems can be shaped into various shapes, for example, a spiral.
Other than its bamboo-like shape, dracaena has nothing to do with Chinese grass. However, it is very popular, as it is unpretentious in cultivation. Prefers a bright place, reproduces well. Does not need constant spraying, tolerates dry air well. It will be a great solution for improving the interior of an apartment or office.
Other names: Dracaena Sandera, Chinese bamboo, Happiness bamboo, Indoor bamboo, Lucky bamboo.
Dracaena can be grown in soil or water.
When grown in water, the water should be changed regularly, at least once every two weeks. It is best to use melt water or rainwater, but filtered water will do. Every two to three months, it is required to add a special feeding in the form of mineral fertilizers. To prevent the water from acquiring an unpleasant odor, it is recommended to dissolve several tablets of activated carbon in it.
Growing in the soil, the plant receives more nutrients, which affects growth and development. The pot should be taken narrow and deep, mix the soil with sand and ensure good drainage, having previously poured expanded clay on the bottom of the pot.
When creating a suitable atmosphere, the green inhabitant will delight you with its unsurpassed appearance for a long time.
Lighting. Prefers a bright, sunny place. On hot days, it is better to cover the plant from direct sunlight, the dracaena will be more comfortable in diffused light. It is best to place this flower on the windows of the east or west side of the apartment. Install fluorescent lights indoors to keep the plant from getting sick during the winter.
In summer, it is recommended to take out bamboo to the terrace, balcony or garden, under a sheltered canopy, to shelter from cold drafts and precipitation.
Temperature. In summer, dracaena is acceptable to an increase in temperature, but still try to keep the temperature at 22 - 26 degrees. In winter, the temperature of the content of indoor bamboo should not fall below 18 ° C.
Air humidity. Dracaena Sander normally withstands dry air, but spraying the leaves will not hurt her. Especially in the summer, when it is too hot, the spraying procedure should be repeated two to three times a day. It is also recommended to arrange a summer shower for the dragon from time to time, having previously covered the soil with cellophane film. To prevent leaf pests, gently wipe them with a damp cloth.
Watering. Watering is plentiful, it is impossible to overdry the earthen feed during the growth of the plant. In the summer, the frequency of watering is once every two to three days. The water should be well settled. In winter, watering is usually reduced. Plants with wide leaves lose more moisture, so they need to be watered more often.
Top dressing. After the winter awakening, it is required to feed the flower, this should be done from April to August with balanced, liquid complex fertilizers intended for indoor plants. Fertilizers can be added directly to the water containing the flower. A special substrate can be purchased from a garden store, where it is sold ready-made.
Transfer. Young potted plants are transplanted annually or once every 2 years. Plants 3-4 years old, as well as large ones in tubs, are transplanted less often - once every 2-4 years.
The land for replanting can be used purchased for palm trees and dracaena. It is recommended to add a little sand, pieces of charcoal to the substrate (to prevent root diseases), you can add a little perlite to increase the looseness of the soil.
The transplant should be carried out very carefully so as not to injure the flower.
Important: For dracaena Sander, as well as for other dracaena, good large drainage is important.
Indoor bamboo grows quickly, so spacious dishes are taken for transplanting.
Trimming and shaping. Dracaena tolerates pruning well, due to which lateral buds begin to develop and the branching process starts. Apical cuttings can be used for propagation. To prevent the plant stem from drying out after pruning, it is necessary to treat the cut site with prepared activated carbon powder. New shoots are more likely to grow if they are placed in a greenhouse with high humidity and sufficient lighting.
Bloom. Dracaena rarely bloom at home. Beautiful flowers have a white, sometimes greenish color. Due to the too intense sweet aroma, it is better to place the plant on the balcony or veranda during this period.
Reproduction. Bamboo is propagated by root shoots during transplantation. Shoots with 2-3 shoots and several roots are separated from the mother plant and transplanted into the storey soil for balcony flowers.
It can also be propagated by apical cuttings 10-15 cm long. Cuttings are rooted in spring-summer in water or moist soil, at a temperature of 23-25 ° C.
Diseases and pests. The plant is affected by mealybugs, red spider mites and root beetles. Control methods, first of all, increasing air humidity, treating leaves with special preparations or self-prepared soapy water. If necessary, repeat the procedure after 24 hours and install an insect trap.
With timely treatment and proper care, the plant quickly recovers and does not lose its external beauty.
Plants in winter. To ensure full growth of the dracaena, it is important to shelter it from cold air and drafts. In winter, the temperature of the content of indoor bamboo should not fall below 18 ° C. It is advisable to limit watering to once a week.
Interesting Facts. Possesses bactericidal properties, reduces intoxication from harmful substances such as benzene and formaldehyde.
Dracaena Sander is a great gift for a wedding, birthday, opening a new company or for housewarming.
PHOTO ROOM BAMBOO