Cypress (lat.Cupressus) is an evergreen representative of the Cypress family from the order of Conifers. The homeland of cypress is the Mediterranean, Black Sea coast, Central America and southern China.
In nature, it grows up to 40 meters, indoors about 2 meters. Numerous branches of cypress are covered with green thin scaly leaves, which at first glance resemble pine needles. It can be grown upright in garden plots and given bizarre shapes.
Other names for cypress are Cupressus, Cupressus.
Cypress is a popular variety. There are several varieties that differ in the color of the needles and the shape of the crown:
Large-fruited cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) or indoor cypress is one of the most adapted varieties for home cultivation. It differs from others in a more spreading crown. And also a smooth transition of dark lower branches to lighter ones.
Evergreen cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) - often has an arrow-like pyramidal shape. Also, its branches can be located horizontally. It tolerates drought and frosts down to -20 degrees, and is used for garden and street landscaping.
Mexican cypress (Cupressus lusitanica) - has a reddish-brown trunk with longitudinal cracks and a wide-pyramidal crown shape with spreading branches hanging above the ground. The needles are dark green or with a silvery sheen.
You can buy indoor Cypress in our store:
Useful properties of cypress - cypress needles emit phytoncides that purify and disinfect the air. Young shoots exude a pleasant lemon-pine scent, freshen the air and help fight moths.
The difference between cypress and cypressus. They are often confused due to their visual similarity. The second name of the cypressus is "false cypress". Unlike cypress, cypressus grows only in warm regions. Its foliage is threadlike on a long stem and can be silvery-blue, blue-green, yellow, or multi-colored.
Among cypress trees, there are dwarf species up to 30 cm high, shrubs and large trees. Cypress is just a tree.
Like all representatives of this family, the plant is rather capricious. Without some experience and knowledge, it is difficult to preserve and grow it to an impressive size without losing its decorative effect. With proper care, you can enjoy its natural beauty for years to come.
Lighting. This is a photophilous plant, but prolonged direct sunlight dries the emerging buds and young shoots. With room maintenance, due to a lack of light, the crown takes an irregular shape and becomes one-sided. Therefore, every 10-14 days the pot is turned in different directions. Also, in low light, the needles turn pale, and the shoots lengthen. To avoid this, an additional light source is installed nearby.
Temperature. The ideal temperature for cypress is 18-26 degrees, in winter 15-16 degrees. From May to August, the cypress tree can be taken out into the fresh air in a shaded and draft-protected place - a balcony or terrace. Or land it in open ground. On dry and hot days, it is recommended to spray in the morning and evening.
Air humidity. If there is a lack of it, the container with the plant is placed in a pallet filled with pebbles or expanded clay and water is regularly added. In this case, the bottom of the pot should not touch the liquid.
Watering. In the warm season, cypress needs abundant watering with filtered or settled water. In autumn and winter, it shrinks by half. Spraying of the crown is carried out between waterings.
The soil should always be moderately moist. Cypress is equally damaging to excessive watering and overdrying of the earthy coma. If this happens, the pot with the plant is placed in a tray filled with water and remains there until air bubbles stop appearing. After the excess liquid drains, it returns to its original place.
Top dressing. From May to August, once a month, complex fertilizer for conifers is applied according to the recommendations on the package. Or for decorative deciduous plants at half dosage. Nitrogen fertilizers should be avoided.
Transfer. With room maintenance, it is carried out annually in April-May. Cypress trees are difficult to tolerate any trauma to the roots, so they use a transshipment method. To do this, the ephedra is removed by the trunk together with an earthen lump and rearranged into a new pot, with expanded clay drainage previously laid on the bottom. The soil is added to the previous level. Complete land replacement is carried out only as urgently needed.
The soil consists of turf, peat and fine gravel or coarse sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. You can use ready-made soil for conifers with an acidity level of pH 5.5-6.5.
Planting in open ground is carried out in spring in well-heated soil by the transfer method. It is advisable to choose partial shade and areas with sun rays in the morning. In the summer, abundant watering is required.
Cypress in winter. When wintering on the street, the cypress should be wrapped in a covering material. In the room, the temperature is kept no higher than 15-16 degrees, and the plant itself is located far from radiators.
Trimming and shaping. It is carried out in the spring before the start of the juice movement. Pruning stimulates new growth and gives the crown the desired appearance. To add density, shoots are trimmed to almost a third of their length. To keep in shape, the procedure is repeated every 2 weeks.
You can create a bonsai-style tree. To do this, the top is pinched, and the direction is set to the branches using a wire.
Bloom. Cypress is a gymnosperm and does not bloom.
Reproduction. Cypress seeds have a low germination rate, which is only 25%. Germination sometimes lasts 8-12 months. Therefore, the grafting method is more often used:
Diseases and pests. The smell and fungicidal properties of the resin repel insect pests. And they destroy most of the known fungi and bacteria. Moreover, the ephedra protects nearby plants. With an excess of heat and dry air, spider mites and scale insects attack.
The main problems in growing cypress are associated with poor-quality irrigation, dry air and a violation of the temperature regime:
The foliage turns yellow, dries, but does not fall off - there is dry air in the room or the soil lacks moisture or nutrients. Depending on the cause, watering should be increased, top dressing should be done and sprayed more often.
The branches turned yellow on only one side - a sign of the negative impact of too warm and dry air from the battery or radiator. Move the cypress further away, lower the temperature and increase the spraying frequency.
Needles are falling off - a negative effect of ultraviolet radiation. The ephedra should be rearranged in a darkened place.
The crown began to stretch out - the plant lacks lighting. It is necessary to rearrange it to a brighter place or add an additional light source.
Interesting Facts. Cypress has a homogeneous wood without layers. Therefore, it does not crack over time and can be cut in any direction. And the high resin content provides it with high and long-term preservation. Products made from it are stored for centuries.
PHOTO OF Cypress