Coffee or coffee tree (lat. Coffea) is an evergreen shrub of the Madder family (Rubiaceae). The birthplace of coffee is the tropics of Africa. In nature, this shrub grows up to 8 meters.
Indoors, coffee reaches a height of up to 2 meters, the dwarf variety Nana - no more than 50 cm. An evergreen, ornamental plant has an attractive appearance, glossy, oblong leaves are located on thin stems.
It blooms annually from May to June with white fragrant flowers, collected in small inflorescences. Flowers resemble jasmine, only larger. The beautiful flowers are replaced by round yellow fruits, from which a delicious, invigorating drink is prepared. To enjoy the taste of your favorite drink from the grains of your own plant, you need to remember to fertilize the soil, and also add growth stimulants during the growing period.
Popular coffee varieties:
Arabian coffee (Coffea arabica) from the fruits of this short tree, only 3-5 m tall, is most often used to prepare coffee products. The horizontal branches are decorated with green lancet-pointed leaves. It pleases with flowering several times a year. It is rightfully the world leader among other coffees.
Dwarf coffee Nana (Coffea arabica Nana) is a compact plant up to 80 cm tall, blooms violently and bears fruit generously at home. A decorative bush can be given a beautiful shape by pruning and pinching.
Liberian coffee (Coffea liberica) is distinguished by red or bright yellow fruits. The length of the leaves reaches 40 cm. It is a tall plant with large seeds and snow-white flowers.
Robusta coffee (Coffe robusta) is most often found in equatorial countries. Loves hot climate, disease resistant and unpretentious to the conditions of detention. Entire leaves are slightly sagging. Its popularity is inferior to Arabian coffee, but this type contains twice as much caffeine.
Most suitable for growing in the room are Arabian coffee or Arabika and dwarf Nana.
You can buy Arabica coffee of different heights in our store
It is a real pleasure to grow a real coffee tree on your windowsill, the care of which is very simple, even a novice florist can handle it. This exotic shrub will delight you all year round with its original structure. It is a worthy decoration of the interior with evergreen freshness and a reason to be proud of your gardening talent. Ideal place for a coffee tree: apartment, office, childcare.
Protect the exquisite tree from drafts and hypothermia. With proper care, protect the coffee tree from pests and other troubles that plants most often face during the growing season. By following simple recommendations, you will be rewarded with beautiful flowering and regular fruiting.
Lighting. The coffee tree needs a bright spot without direct sunlight. It is best to place it on the south side of the apartment. The plant also needs fresh air, in the summer you can take out a flowerpot with a tree to a balcony or loggia. In winter, to avoid drying out the leaves, remove the plant from the central heating batteries. Use artificial lighting on cloudy days.
Temperature. In the spring and summer period, the optimum temperature for keeping the coffee tree is 22-25 ° C. In winter, do not overcool, the temperature should not fall below 15 ° C, since the tree cannot stand even a slight decrease in the permissible temperature.
Exceeding the temperature limits can lead to falling leaves and shedding flowers.
Air humidity. Tropical shrubs prefer high humidity. It is recommended to spray the coffee regularly. On hot summer days, you can solve the problem of dry air by pouring wet pebbles into the plant pan. Coffee, like other exotic trees, loves a warm shower, this stimulates rapid growth and active development.
Watering. Abundant watering in spring and summer. In the intervals between waterings, the top layer of the soil should dry out a little, to a depth of 1 cm. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 5-7 days. Defend the water well for these purposes, but rather use filtered water, since lime has a detrimental effect on the plant.
Top dressing. From spring to autumn, the coffee tree is fed with fertilizer for azaleas (or for the pink family) at a frequency of 1 every 2 weeks. You can use mineral supplements rich in nitrogen and potassium salts. Closer to autumn, feeding should be reduced, in winter they are not fed at all.
Transfer. Young plants (up to 3 years old) are transplanted annually in the spring, older ones - once every 2 years. The soil needs a light substrate with an acidic reaction: a mixture of sour peat, humus and coarse sand. It is advisable to add a few pieces of charcoal. The transplant pot must be tall. Drainage is required at the bottom of the pot. Protect fragile roots from damage. After transplanting, keep the plant in a semi-shaded place for about two weeks, during this period do not forget to spray frequently.
Trimming and shaping. The coffee tree does not really need pruning and shaping. It is only necessary to remove dried shoots and slightly cut too long.
Flowering and fruiting. In the first years of life, the decorative handsome man does not bloom, begins to bloom not earlier than 3-4 years of age. Fragrant flowers appear in the axils of green leaves. The flowers are capable of self-pollination, but the flowering time is short. The set fruits ripen for about eight months. In indoor conditions, flowering is repeated 2 times a year. Therefore, if fruits remain on the coffee tree before the next flowering, it is recommended to remove them so as not to deplete the plant.
Reproduction. Propagated by seeds and cuttings. Perlite or coarse sand is used as a substrate. When sowing, seeds are cleaned of the shell, pre-washed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the seeds are deepened into the sand by 2-3 cm, it is preferable to do this in the month of May. After 30 days, the first shoots will appear.
It is better to root the cuttings in a more nutritious substrate: greenhouse land, sod land, sand in a 2: 1: 1 ratio. To create the necessary moisture, the cuttings are covered with a transparent cap. The substrate temperature should be between 26-28 ° C.
Diseases and pests. It can be affected by the scabbard, spider mite, sooty fungus. White bloom and cobwebs on the leaves indicate infection with parasites. If you notice traces of parasites, you need to immediately remove the affected areas of the plant, and then treat all the leaves with soapy water.
Coffee leaves can become discolored if the soil is not acidic enough. The coffee tree becomes sick if the temperature of the content falls below 10 ° C. Dry air causes leaves to roll.
Attentive attitude and care - what first of all requires * the coffee tree, care * includes regular inspection of the plant for damage and preventive measures.
The coffee tree in winter. In winter, the plant is watered once every 5-7 days, kept at a temperature of 16-18 ° C, but not lower than 15 ° C. Lowering the temperature is a big stress for coffee. If you neglect these rules, a heat-loving plant can get sick.
Interesting Facts. An incredibly beautiful tree with gorgeous flowers and valuable fruits, shrouded in mystery and poetic legends. Our ancestors used coffee exclusively for medicinal purposes; this miraculous plant was used to treat runny nose and headaches. Only since 1812, the drink made from coffee beans achieved widespread popularity, and cozy coffee houses began to open. Sitting over a cup of aromatic elixir was considered a sign of exquisite taste and good taste, and to this day, for many, a successful start to the day is unthinkable without aromatic coffee.
PHOTO OF COFFEE TREE (COFFEE ARABIC)