Chrysanthemum (Latin Chrysanthemum) is a flowering plant of the Asteraceae family. The homeland of the chrysanthemum is China. The name Chrysanthemum is translated from Greek as "Golden Flower". And no wonder - the chrysanthemum flower looks like a small sun.
The genus of chrysanthemums is quite diverse - there are about 150 species of this wonderful flower in the world. Chrysanthemums are tall and short, double and semi-double, spherical and chamomile. The color of chrysanthemums is very diverse: white, yellow, pink, red, purple. There are no only blue and blue chrysanthemums.
Indoor chrysanthemums have compact forms - bushes 25-35 cm high. Indoor chrysanthemums bloom mainly in autumn and winter. The main condition for the successful cultivation of these flowers in an apartment is not to overheat, the optimum temperature for chrysanthemums is 15-18 ° C.
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Lighting. Indoor chrysanthemum loves an abundance of light during growth, but begins to bloom when daylight hours are less than 10 hours. In hot hours, the plant must be shaded from the direct sun.
Temperature. Indoor chrysanthemum needs coolness. At temperatures above 20 ° C, the plant can wither quickly. It is better to put a pot with a flower on the balcony in summer, if this is not possible, the room needs to be ventilated more often. In summer, it is optimal to keep chrysanthemum at a temperature of 12-17 ° C, in winter - 3-5 ° C.
Air humidity. In summer, it is recommended to spray the chrysanthemum periodically to lower the air temperature.
Watering. Water sparingly, keeping the soil slightly moist. Neither stagnation of water in the pot nor overdrying of the soil should be allowed.
Top dressing. Chrysanthemum is fed from early spring to late autumn with complex flower fertilizers once every 2 weeks. To stimulate growth, fertilizers containing nitrogen are used, and during the budding period, for a brighter and longer flowering - fertilizers that contain potassium and phosphorus. Fertilizers are applied 12-18 hours after the next watering.
Transfer. Chrysanthemum is transplanted into ordinary purchased soil for indoor and flowering plants. You can prepare the soil yourself from 3 parts of garden soil, 1 part each of humus, not sour peat and sand. The soil should be non-acidic and loose. It is advisable to pour expanded clay drainage at the bottom of the pot. Plants up to 3 years old are transplanted annually, older ones - once every 2-3 years.
Trimming and shaping. To improve bushiness, the tops of young shoots are pinched. It is recommended to pinch it when the bush has grown to a height of 15-20 cm.However, it should be borne in mind that the more pinching, the longer it will take to bloom.
Bloom. Chrysanthemums usually bloom in autumn and winter. It is recommended to remove part of the buds if too many have formed on their bush, then the rest will open faster and the flowers will be more lush.
For the bush to bloom longer, the chrysanthemum should be kept in a cool room, with a temperature of 14-16 ° C.
After flowering, the chrysanthemum must be prepared for wintering: cut off the faded stems and take the pot to an even cooler place with a temperature of about 3-5 ° C, best of all to the basement.
Reproduction. The most common way is by dividing the bush. After wintering, chrysanthemum gives young growth. It is necessary to separate the young shoots from the mother plant and plant in small pots.
You can also propagate by cuttings. Cuttings 10-12 cm long are stuck into a mixture of peat and sand to a depth of 1-2 cm and covered with a transparent jar or plastic bag. For rooting, room temperature is suitable, in the range of 20-23 ° C. Rooted cuttings are planted in separate pots.
Diseases and pests. Chrysanthemums are affected by soil flies, aphids, thrips, spider mites.
Plants in winter. Winter the chrysanthemum in a cool room with a temperature of 3-5 ° C. After wintering, transplant the bush into a pot with fresh soil, and plant young shoots.
Interesting Facts. Chrysanthemum, like conifers, purifies the air in an apartment, releases useful phytoncides, i.e. substances that destroy germs and bacteria.
The highest award in Japan is the Order of the Chrysanthemum. This flower is a symbol of imperial power.
PHOTO ROOM CHRYSANTHEMA