Asparagus pinnate (lat. Asparagus plumosus) - the family of Asparagus or Asparagus (Asparagaceae) - shrub, perennial rhizome herbs, lianas.
Homeland - tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Africa and Asia. The size of the stems reaches 1.5 meters.
Instead of green leaves, thin needle-shaped shoots flaunt on the branches, making the plant look like a miniature herringbone.
Small light flowers are replaced by red berries immediately after the end of the flowering period. This flower can be found both in office premises and in residential buildings. It is quite easy to care for, so it is not a hassle.
Asparagus Names: Asparagus, Asparagus bristly, asparagus pinnate.
Popular types of asparagus:
Asparagus (Asparagus asparagoides) - bushy, branched plant, stems reach up to 1.5 m in length. Due to the fact that its shoots after cutting retain their natural freshness and rich color for a long time, this plant is used to create bouquets and flower arrangements.
The thinnest asparagus (Asparagus benuissimus) - looks very similar to pinnate asparagus, but has longer shoots, up to one and a half meters. Thin calodia are located much less frequently than in a relative.
Asparagus sprengeri - 2-4 centimeter scales grow instead of leaves. Flowers are pink or white with a pleasant aroma. Stems are smooth or with small grooves, rather weak, but grow more than a meter in length. At home it is kept as a herbaceous perennial.
Asparagus falcatus (Asparagus falcatus) - a distinctive feature of this plant is large, sickle leaves, with corrugated edges that grow rapidly. White inflorescences have a pleasant aroma.
Asparagus ordinary, Asparagus officinalis, or Asparagus officinalis (Asparagus officinalis) - smooth stems 1 - 1.5 meters long, differs from its congeners by numerous shoots and flowers of pale yellow color on long legs. Possesses healing properties, specific taste and aroma.
It tolerates partial shade without any problems, so it is better to settle in a western or eastern room. Asparagus feathery looks especially well in a hanging planter. Its thin stems with needle-like leaves resemble openwork ornaments or green clouds floating in the air. They fit effectively into any interior of an apartment, country house or study.
They are also often used for landscaping the walls of children's institutions, or for creating flower arrangements. A graceful young plant at first does without support, and as it grows, it is advisable to install a special support.
Lighting. Asparagus pinnate prefers a place with dim light, without direct sunlight. The optimal dislocation of the plant is on the windowsill of the western and eastern windows.
In winter, the asparagus is placed closer to the light source.
Temperature. In the summer period, pinnate asparagus feels great at a temperature of 20-25 ° C. It is advisable to take the plant out into the open air in a place shaded from direct sunlight.
In winter, the optimum temperature for keeping is 12-15 ° C. At higher temperatures, the needles on the stems of the plant can crumble.
Air humidity. Regular spraying is necessary - asparagus loves moist air. In winter, when the central heating is on, as well as on hot summer days, the plant can be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay. To protect it from yellowing and drying out, the plant should be sprayed periodically. Give your asparagus a shower from time to time, especially in winter when the heating system is on.
Watering. Loves abundant watering during active growth. In the spring and summer period, asparagus is watered abundantly, but make sure that the substrate dries out between waterings.
In winter, watering is reduced, especially if the plant is kept in a damp, cool room.
Top dressing. Asparagus is fed once every 2 weeks with complex fertilizers during the growing season (spring-summer).
In winter, you can feed once a month with a half dose of fertilizer.
Transfer. An annual transplant for young asparagus plants is necessary due to the fact that its root system is growing strongly. Usually, a flower is transplanted into a more spacious flowerpot in early spring.
Older plants are transplanted once every 2-3 years, if necessary, you can cut off old bare branches and overgrown roots. Earthen soil should be garden soil mixed with sand. But it is better not to experiment and buy special soil for ferns in the store.
Trimming and shaping. It is better not to prune young asparagus shoots because they stop growing as a result.
It is better to cut off fallen dead branches, which will give an additional impetus to the formation of young shoots.
Bloom. Indoors, asparagus blooms with small white flowers, but rarely. After flowering, asparagus is artificially pollinated to produce fruits.
Reproduction. The simplest and most popular way to propagate asparagus is to divide adult plants into several parts. The procedure is usually carried out in the spring during the growing season, so the planted plants take root better.
Reproduction by seeds and stem cuttings is also practiced.
Seeds sprout about a month after sowing in a substrate of peat and sand. When the seedlings are 10 cm tall, they are transplanted into small pots.
Cuttings are carried out in March-April. Rooting of cuttings - within 1-1.5 months. After that, they are also seated in pots with a diameter of about 10 cm.
Diseases and pests. Plants are attacked by aphids and spider mites. Regularly inspect the plant for pests, at an early stage of infection, you can get rid of parasites with improvised means, without the use of chemicals.
Also, the plant may begin to turn yellow and dry due to insufficient watering or from being in too bright sun. Try to follow all the rules for keeping asparagus pinnate so that it delights with its beauty and freshness for a long time. If the flower has completely turned yellow and began to dry out, you can cut it at the root and continue to water it well, then it will give new shoots.
So that the plant does not suffer from a lack of nitrogen and iron, it is necessary to feed it throughout the year, both mineral fertilizers and organic fertilizers are suitable.
Plants in winter. At high temperatures (above 25 ° C), the stems may dry out.
The optimum wintering temperature for asparagus is 12-15 ° C. In winter, watering is limited, but starting from February, watering needs to be increased, since at this time young shoots appear. It is advisable to remove the plant away from the battery and increase the air humidity.
Important: Please note that asparagus fruits are poisonous. Be careful!
Interesting Facts. The indisputable advantage of asparagus pinnate is its phytoncidal property. Asparagus pinnate clears the air of highly toxic substances and pathogens.
The healthy look of the plant, its ability to grow and develop quickly gives the owners a good mood and positive emotions.