Aglaonema is an evergreen herb from the aroid family, there are about 50 species. Homeland - Southeast Asia. Grows in tropical or monsoon forests, mainly settles along river banks or at the foot of forests. It grows up to 60 centimeters.
It is distinguished by a short fleshy stem and dense, patterned, large leaves. The shape of the leaves is ovoid or oblong-lanceolate, the color depends on the species and variety.
In young plants, the stem is absent; it is formed gradually due to the flying of the lower leaves. At the top of the plant, inflorescences develop from one to three ears, wrapped in a light green leaf. The fruit is a juicy berry, ripens within 7-8 months, inside contains an orange seed.
Other names: "Shine", "Rays of future happiness".
Aglaonema - popular species:
Aglaonema changeable (Aglaonema commutatum) - has erect stems, green, large-sized leaves on elongated petioles.
Aglaonema modestum (Aglaonema modestum) - differs in greenish-silvery foliage, rarely blooms, small flowers collected in inflorescences.
Painted Aglaonema (Aglaonema pictum) - grows up to 1 meter in height. The leaf plate is wide, the surface is wavy. This species is completely unpretentious, grows well even in the shade.
You can buy aglaonema in our store:
An ornamental plant will serve as a decoration for your home for a long time if you try to create the necessary conditions for its growth and development.
The tropical dweller loves warmth and moisture. In no case place a flowerpot with a flower on the windowsill of the sunny side of the apartment, otherwise leaf burns are inevitable. It is also undesirable to keep it in the kitchen and indoors where people smoke.
The flower is not suitable for decorating a children's room, the juice of its leaves and fruits contains toxic substances.
Aglaonema feels best in soft, diffused light, with an air temperature of no higher than 25 degrees - this can be a living room, a library or a study. Great for office phytodesign. It is recommended to grow in rooms where there are many computers, as aglaonema has the ability to saturate the air with negative ions.
Does not tolerate drafts and cold.
Lighting. Needs protection from direct sunlight, feels better in a dark place, except for varieties with silvery leaves, they need more light.
Temperature. The optimum temperature is 20-24 ° C. This is a heat-loving plant, the room temperature should not fall below 18 ° C.
Air humidity. It is important to maintain moisture around the aglaonema at all times. Place a fountain, humidifier, or just a container of water next to the flower. Also, the plant should be sprayed with purified water at room temperature, the leaves should be washed and the plant should be given a warm shower every two weeks, especially in the hot season. If you do not follow these rules, the leaves can deform and dry out.
Watering. Since the flower loves moisture very much, special attention is paid to watering in care, only in winter it is recommended to reduce it a little, and the rest of the time - abundant watering. The soil should not be allowed to dry out, it must retain moisture. The main thing is to water it with settled water; for greater softness, you can add a little citric acid.
Top dressing. They are fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, alternating. In spring and summer, during the growing season, once every two weeks, in autumn and winter - a break.
Transfer. Young plants are transplanted annually in spring. The flower grows slowly, so adult plants are transplanted every 4-5 years, the rest of the time they periodically change the top layer of the earth. Outdated shoots are cut to 1-3 centimeters and sprinkled with crushed coal. Be sure to install a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
You can also grow a flower in hydroponics. Aglaonema is a frequent visitor to phyto-paintings and phytowalls created by masters of vertical gardening.
Trimming and shaping. It does not need special shaping, but it can be done to make the flower more bushy. To do this, during transplantation, carefully examine the roots and remove damaged areas, this must be done with disinfected instruments in advance. Also remove dry or damaged leaves. It is better to cut the top of the plant, then the aglaonema will grow faster.
Bloom. It blooms rarely, the flowers are inconspicuous, the fruit is a decoration - small berries of a ruby color. The berries are not edible, they contain toxic substances, like all members of the aroid family.
Reproduction. Propagated in late spring. The methods are used: dividing, growing from seeds and cuttings.
The easiest way is by dividing. To do this, freeing the roots from the ground, they are carefully disconnected and planted in a separate flowerpot.
To propagate by cuttings, you need to wait for the plant to start branching of the trunk. The stem is cut off and divided into several parts; leaf plates must be present on each part. Then you need to leave the segments in the open air to dry for a day. After that, plant the cuttings in a sandy-peat substrate and place in a warm place. After a month, the roots should appear, then it is already possible to transplant them into separate pots with a special substrate for growing aglaonema.
At home, growing from seeds is generally not practiced.
Diseases and pests. Can be harmful: spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, whiteflies.
If parasites are identified, wipe the leaves of the plant with soapy water; in case of severe infection, use special insecticidal preparations.
Twisting of the leaves happens, this indicates the effect of a draft or a sharp drop in air temperature. If light yellow spots appear on the leaves, then the flower is sunburned, move the flowerpot to partial shade, let it cool and spray with soft water.
If the flower stops growing and the leaves turn brown, then the plant has been watered with cold or hard water.
Aglaonema in winter. Watering is moderate, a day after the topsoil dries up. The air temperature is not lower than 18 ° С. Do not place the flower near heaters, keep away from drafts.
Interesting Facts. Aglaonema purifies the air by releasing beneficial substances - phytonicides, which absorb benzene and toluene. It has a detrimental effect on streptococci, which are the causative agents of dangerous diseases. It should be remembered that the juice and fruits of the flower are poisonous, therefore, when working with the aglaonema, wear gloves, keep away from small children and animals.