When growing indoor plants, you must always be prepared for the appearance of pests. Pests - aphids, caterpillars, weevils, thrips, wood lice and so on.
If an accumulation of pests is found, they should be removed along with a part of the plant. Then carry out preventive treatment.
If an organ of a plant has a sign of disease, then it will no longer take on its original appearance. It should be removed, and if severely damaged, the entire plant will have to be destroyed.
Preventive measures against damage by pests. It is easier to prevent than to cure. Regular inspection of plants when watering, spraying or removing dust will allow early detection of lesions. At the first sign, the plant is quarantined. The affected areas are removed.
White spots on the ground surface. Evidence that the plant has not been transplanted for a long time. These are signs of deposition of lime salts and minerals supplied with irrigation water. Removal of the top layer of the substrate and backfilling of a new layer (if transplantation is not possible). It is carried out every 4-6 months.
Aphids on the leaves. Appears in late winter and early spring. These small insects (of various colors) constantly feed on the sap of the plant, thereby weakening it. Most often found at the top of the shoot, young leaves or buds. It multiplies quickly and can spread to other plants. The affected areas are cut and destroyed. The plant is treated with an insecticide for indoor plants. The most commonly affected are roses, abutilon, chrysanthemum. Plants with hard and dense leaves are not threatened by aphids.
Cobweb between the leaves. A sign of ticks. Their size is less than 1 mm, the color is red or yellow. They eat the epidermis of the leaves. The leaf blade loses color and becomes gray. Specks can be seen on the inner surface of the sheet. Buds, when damaged by a pest, fall off before disclosure. Dry and hot weather causes massive damage. The most commonly affected are asparagus, banana, datura, cactus, fuchsia, citrus fruits, avocados, and tradescantia. The best preventive measure is high humidity. In case of mass defeat, a 50% acaricidal solution is used.
White flies on the plant. These are whiteflies. They are a white-winged aphid species that lives under the leaves. Plants in the greenhouse are most often affected. They multiply quickly, suck out the juice and weaken the plant. Treatment: treatment with insecticide at first appearance, repeated every 8 days. Plants with thin leaves are most often affected: azalea, crossandra, primrose, hibiscus, and so on.
Weevils. Beetle insects up to 2 cm long. They eat the edges of leaves and buds, and are nocturnal. The larvae look like small white worms. They develop in the substrate and damage the root system, thereby weakening the plant. Azalea and begonia are most susceptible. Control measures: insecticide treatment, repeat four times, with an interval of seven days.
Brown, jumping insects. Cicadas up to 3 cm long, of various colors (from green to red). Suck the juice from the inside of the leaves. They jump high if they touch the leaves. White dots are formed from the piercing. All plants with delicate leaves are affected.
Caterpillars. Butterfly larvae feed on leaves without damaging the veins. They have a great appetite. They damage all plants with delicate and smooth leaves. Control measures: manual collection and prophylactic insecticide treatment. Constant inspection excludes their mass reproduction.
Take care of your plants! Check and treat your pets regularly.