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Buying and caring for an orchid

Buying and caring for an orchid

Before buying an orchid, you should clearly know the answers to questions about plant placement. It should be determined where the flower will be located.

To grow a plant, certain heat and light conditions are required.

The appearance of an orchid upon purchase must meet the following requirements:

  • The leaves are green, the plants are not fragile.
  • New leaves should be the same size as last year.
  • The roots may hang over the edge of the pot, but the plant needs to be deeply rooted.
  • Mandatory presence of a label with the name of the plant.

When transported in cold weather, the plant is transported warm.

When choosing a place for an orchid, you should consider:

  • - in the upper part of the house there are more dry and bright places, in the lower part there is less light with higher humidity;
  • - at night it is colder at the outer windows, warmer at the inner ones.

Watering features

Orchids prefer a moderately moist substrate, as they are demanding on the availability of oxygen. When waterlogged, the roots rot and the plant disappears. Therefore, it is better to water a day later than before.

With a 11cm pot, the watering period is approximately seven days. If the substrate in the pot is cold and damp to the touch, stop watering. With high humidity (rainy days), the period between waterings increases. Orchids located in baskets should be regularly sprayed with warm water and occasionally lowered into a container to fully soak in moisture. For potted plants, spraying is carried out only on hot days and in winter, with low air humidity.

Basic watering rules:

  • Water the plants infrequently, but abundantly.
  • Watering time is morning.
  • Irrigation water at room temperature.
  • When spraying, do not allow water to get on the flowers.
  • Plants are not allowed to remain in the water after watering.
  • Water with a low salt content (rain, boiled or filtered) is used for irrigation.

Most species are characterized by a period of rest and development. For the resting phase, a lower temperature and a shorter day are acceptable. Conditions coincide with the period of flower formation. During the winter resting phase, many orchids can be taken out into the garden in summer and left until September.

Top dressing with fertilizers

During the period of intensive growth, fertilizing should be carried out. The rule is that less is better than too much. Orchids are very economical and require few nutrients (due to natural quality). You can combine spraying with fertilizing with nutrient solution.

Use complex fertilizers (containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). Higher nitrogen content promotes leaf growth. Phosphorus and Potassium - increases the number of flowers and improves the vitality of the plant. The most optimal ratio of elements in fertilizer is 2: 1: 1.

Along with the main elements of fertilizers, they can also contain trace elements (iron, boron, manganese, zinc, and so on). This fertilizer is recommended for orchids.

In specialty stores you can buy fertilizers that are used only on orchids (recommended type).

Growing substrate

buying-caring-orchids-4 Growing an orchid in a pot requires a special medium. Regular garden land is not suitable for growing. The larger the substrate, the better for the orchid. Plant residues must decompose slowly so that the salt content does not quickly increase. Therefore, special mixtures are made up for orchids, which consist of large organic material. The result is a loose structure that retains water and nutrients well.

In specialized stores, you can buy ready-made orchid mixture. The basic principle of substrate preparation is to separate all small particles that may stick together.

We wish you success in growing orchids!

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