Boxwood (Latin Búxus) is an evergreen slow-growing shrub or tree of the Boxwood family. It grows to a height of 2 to 12 meters. Some boxwoods live for over 500 years. It unites about 30 species growing in Southeast Asia, the West Indies and the Mediterranean countries.
The Latin name for boxwood Buxus comes from the Greek πύξος - bux, boxwood. The most famous species - Boxwood evergreen (Buxus sempervirens) L., has the widest range in Europe. In the Republic of Adygea, a unique boxwood forest with an area of 200 hectares grows, and in Abkhazia - Boxwood Grove.
Boxwood has long been used for landscaping and ornamental gardening. Its beautiful, dense crown, shiny foliage and ability to tolerate a haircut are especially appreciated. Like other evergreen crops, boxwood is fairly cold resistant.
Attention: all parts of the plant and especially the leaves are poisonous!
Other names: Boxwood Colchis, or Caucasian (Buxus colchica)
Purchase of seedlings. When buying boxwood seedlings, you should pay attention to the appearance of the shoots and leaves. They should be deep green. It is not advisable to buy boxwood with bare stems or yellow leaves.
To get a beautiful look right away, you can purchase seedlings 10 cm higher than projected. Three weeks after planting, the tops are trimmed to obtain an even, horizontal cutting line. Thus, planting density and better survival rate are achieved. part of the crown is removed and it is easier for the roots to feed the aerial part.
You can buy evergreen boxwood in our store
Location and landing. For growing hedges, 4-5 box trees are planted per 1 running meter. The distance between the seedlings is about 20-25 cm. For parterre carpet compositions or low borders, boxwood is planted in a checkerboard pattern, the distance between the bushes is 15-20 cm. The soil between the plants must be carefully tamped, creating a deepening along the entire hedge. In the first 2 weeks after disembarkation, this trench will need to be filled with water 3-4 times.
Better to plant boxwood in semi-shaded places, because in the sun, its leaves can dry out and turn yellow. Planted in the open sun, young plantings do not tolerate clear frosty weather especially.
Boxwood is not particularly picky about the soil, although it prefers calcareous or clayey soils containing lime. On well-fertilized soils, it gives a strong growth. An important condition: the soil must be well drained and permeable to water. In wetlands or in lowlands, where water accumulates in spring, boxwood should not be planted.
It is better to choose the time for planting in the spring. Before winter, the seedlings will have time to take root well and prepare for frost. In autumn, planting is recommended from early September to mid-October, no later than a month before the onset of frost.
Purchased seedlings in containers often have tangled root systems. The intertwined roots must be untangled before planting.
With a row planting, a shallow trench is dug, with single plantings - holes. The plant is deepened not lower than the growth mark of the old coma or container, while the subsequent compaction of the soil around the trunk must be taken into account. If the soils are very poor, a nutritious substrate is prepared from dry humus, leafy soil, peat, humus, which is mixed with the ground during planting. Then young plantings are abundantly watered and mulched with peat, rotted coniferous needles or crushed coniferous bark. Oak bark cannot be used, because it contains many tannins.
Caring for boxwood is not particularly difficult, but there are some nuances that need to be considered when planting.
As mentioned earlier, boxwood leaves dry and turn yellow in direct sunlight. This happens especially often at the end of winter, when the root system is still dormant, and the crown begins to wake up under the sun's rays. Shoots and leaves do not receive enough moisture, dry and fall off. The so-called burnout of plantings growing in the sun occurs. Therefore, they need to be covered with non-woven fabric, burlap or plain paper.
Watering. Boxwood is quite undemanding to watering. However, in dry, dry weather, it needs moisture, especially young plantings. Responds well to spraying.
Loosening, mulching. Young plantings of boxwood are mulched with crushed bark of coniferous trees or rotted needles, peat is also suitable. Do not use oak bark, coniferous sawdust or foliage for mulch.
As an additional protection, mulching is also carried out before wintering of plants.
Top dressing. When planting in poor soil, fertilizer is added from humus and humus. In the future, boxwood does not need special feeding. Plants in tubs can be fed with special liquid fertilizers for boxwood, which are diluted with water and applied from mid-April to early August 1 time in 10 days.
To prepare for wintering, potash fertilization is used in September. They contribute to faster lignification of shoots and better frost resistance of bushes.
Trimming and shaping. The first cutting of the bushes is carried out in late April - early May. Boxwood is a slow-growing plant, so pruning should be gentle: they slightly adjust the crown and prune new growths. Further haircuts are carried out once a month until September. More frequent cutting requires additional watering.
To form a boxwood in the form of a standard tree, from a plant with a strong central trunk, all side shoots are removed to the desired height, and those that remain are slightly shortened. Then, by regular pruning, a ball is formed on the leg.
Bloom. In our latitudes, boxwood blooms very rarely. This event occurs in March-April, the flowers are small and greenish. Boxwood is prized primarily for its beautiful evergreen crown.
Reproduction. In late June - early July, slightly lignified young shoots are cut. Cuttings are cut 10-15 cm long with 2-3 internodes. 2-3 upper leaves are left on the handle, the lower ones are cut off. They are planted in a mixture of peat and earth (1: 1) and covered with transparent material. Watered every other day, sprayed regularly. After 3-4 weeks, the cuttings take root, by autumn they can be planted in a permanent place.
Diseases and pests. The main pest of the plant is the boxwood louse, which damages young leaves. To combat it, an insecticide is used, which is sprayed with boxwood in the spring.
It can also be damaged by the fungal disease Cylindrocladium buxicola. Dark brown spots and white bloom appear on the leaves. Branches and leaves affected by the fungus must be removed.
Plants in winter. The best protection for boxwood in winter is choosing frost-resistant varieties and planting in semi-shaded places. First of all, boxwood bushes suffer from the winter sun, so it does not hurt to cover the plants with shading nets, nonwoven fabric or burlap. In spring, the shelter is removed to avoid rotting of the plants.
Before frost, you need to carry out abundant watering, which will saturate the plants with moisture for the winter. It is advisable to mulch the soil around the trunks and cuts. Tall bushes and standard trees need to be tied to supports to avoid breaking off from wet snow.
Interesting Facts. Boxwood is the hardest and most dense wood found in Europe. Offers to sell boxwood on the market are quite rare and the price is very high.
PHOTO OF BOXWOOD