Hyacinth (Latin Hyacínthus) is a beautiful perennial native to Asia and the Mediterranean. Thanks to sailors, it migrated to Europe, where it fell in love with wealthy merchants and took root in the mild climate of the Netherlands, and later began to actively spread throughout the continent. Previously, it belonged to its own family of Hyacinths. Now - to the Asparagus.
The plant is distinguished by juicy lower emerald leaves and a long flowering stem, which is a continuation of the bottom. Flowers resembling small bells are collected at the top of the stem in the form of a brush. The colors can be very different - from white and purple, to pale yellow and blue. The hyacinth is popular with gardeners and landscape designers. It is a decoration for the most elaborate flower beds, serves as an original dilution of flower arrangements.
Hyacinths are often presented on March 8, along with other flowering plants: Azalea, Begonia, Gardenia, Roses, Stephanotis, Spathiphyllum, Tulips and primroses: Crocuses and Primulas.
Other names: Popularly called "rain flower". This is how hyacinth is translated from Greek.
Types of hyacinths: According to the popular The Plant List project, there are three types of hyacinths: Eastern (also called "Dutch"), Transcaspian and Hyacinth Litvinov. The first of these is considered the most common.
Hyacinths for growing in Ukraine are popular varieties:
Aqua is a flower of blue, blue and lilac shades, with subtle white tints. The inflorescence is dense, cylindrical in shape, visually reminiscent of a water drop found - it looks very beautiful. It has a strong aroma.
Pink Pearl - one of the first to bloom in the garden and deservedly popular, being a symbol of spring. This variety is often referred to as the pink pearl. The color is bright inside the flowers and more delicate at the edges. This hyacinth has an exquisite, unobtrusive aroma.
Hyacinth Peter stuyvesant - early flowering hyacinth, bred in 2001. It has a bright blue color and a strong, persistent aroma. Flower size: 3-4 cm in diameter, collected in a spherical-cylindrical brush. Blooms from mid-spring for 2-3 weeks.
Purchase of seedlings. When buying seedlings, you should pay attention to the presence of damage and disease. A healthy bulb should be firm, with a smooth surface, expressive "neck" and "shoulders". Medium-sized bulbs are ideal for planting outdoors. Large ones are better for forcing. A little life hack - you need to look at the bottom diameter. Its ratio to the diameter of the bulb itself should be about 1: 1.6 or more. If less, it is better to ignore such an onion.
You can buy Hyacinths in pots in our store:
Location and landing. Hyacinth loves sunlight, so the location should be open, and the soil should ideally be moisture and air permeable. Depending on the size of the bulb, the depth is determined - about 12-18 cm. The layer of earth on top should be approximately three times more than the height of the planting material. If the soil is light, the depth increases by several centimeters. If it is heavy, it decreases. The distance between plants is 15-20 cm. Hyacinths are often planted next to daffodils. They get along well together and look great from an aesthetic point of view.
Watering. Hyacinth does not require much water, but the soil should not be excessively dry. Watering is necessary before flowering and for several weeks after.
Loosening, mulching. Hyacinth is a "cleanliness" that needs constant weeding of the soil and periodic loosening of the soil. At the beginning of winter, the plants are mulched with compost. When the snow melts, they are freed from the rest of the mulch.
Top dressing. Fertilizers need to be applied 2-3 times during the growing season. Both dry and wet feeding, which is carried out for the first time at the start of hyacinth growth, is suitable. The second time is during budding. The third is after flowering.
Trimming and shaping. At the end of flowering, the arrow must be cut off. It is desirable even before the seed pods are formed. This is done to minimize nutrient loss and to strengthen the leaves of the plant, which should not be pruned at all. They should dry out naturally by the end of the first month of summer.
Flowering and fruiting: The average flowering time is two weeks. Depending on the weather conditions, there may be less or more. After the plant fades and dries up, a small bud forms on one of its leaves. Over time, it grows stronger and turns into a real bulb, which germinates the next year. It happens that a young bulb produces several shoots at once. They should be planted. After flowering, a box is necessarily formed, which is distinguished by a fragile skin. She is the keeper of seeds, which, falling on open land, give new life.
Reproduction and grafting. It often happens that hyacinth blooms for a year, second, third, but stubbornly does not give "children". In this case, you can use faster breeding methods:
- cutting out the bottom. This is the most popular method. Immediately after flowering, the hyacinth is dug up, the bulb is washed from the ground and dried. After a week and a half, the bottom is cut out, and after two or three months, young bulbs begin to form.
- notching the bottom. The algorithm of actions is practically the same as for "cutting", only the bottom is not cut out completely, but is notched. There are fewer new bulbs, but they are stronger.
- leafy cuttings. During the budding period, several leaves are cut off from the plant at the very base. They are placed in a plastic bag and stored at 90% humidity and an air temperature of about 12 degrees Celsius. After about a month and a half, the rudiments of the bulbs should appear on the cuttings.
- bulbous scales. A large onion is divided into 4-5 parts, breaking off the scales from the bottom. They need to be stored in a transparent plastic bag for a month and a half at an air temperature of about 20-25 degrees. And another month and a half at temperatures 3-5 degrees lower. Ideally, an onion is formed from each scale.
Diseases and pests. The most common diseases are bacterial and gray rot. When they appear, the plants are covered with bloom, rotting and dying over time. The most dangerous pests are flower flies, namely their larvae, which feed on leaves and bulbs.
Hyacinths in winter. The low temperature of the soil is not afraid of hyacinths, but the plants should not be allowed to freeze, so they need to be covered for the winter. In late autumn, the habitat of hyacinths can be covered with a layer of straw or sawdust, thereby protecting the bulbs from frost.
Hyacinths are considered excellent honey plants, therefore they are very attracted to bees, wasps, bumblebees and other insects.
There is a legend that the hyacinth got to Holland after a shipwreck. The plants found on the ship crashed by the storm were able to root. They became the darlings of the Dutch.
The hyacinth was a favorite flower of King Frederick William III, who took care of the plants on his own in his palace.
PHOTO OF HYACINTHS